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YAP

1525 A Portuguese galley, commanded by Dioga da Rocha, on a voyage of exploration from the Moluccas. Oct 1: Ship was carried to a group of islands at 9 or 10N named "Sequeiras" -- probably Ulithi. Rocha remained there four months while repairing his ship and waiting for suitable winds. The Portuguese were well treated during their stay. Brief description of island and people. [Lessa 1975b: Sharp 1960: 13-5]

1527 Spanish ship FLORIDA, commanded by Alvaro de Saavedra, on his voyage west across the Pacific. Dec 29: Sighted an island -- perhaps Fais -- at 11N, but could not find anchorage. Saw native canoes and passed on. Jan 1, 1528: Came to another higher island group to the west that he named "Los Reyes," possibly Yap. Saavedra remained there for six days, met some natives and took on water. Brief account of his visit. [Wright 1951: 21-4, 101-3, 111; Sharp 1960: 17-8]

1543 Spanish flagship SANTIAGO, together with SAN JORGE, SAN ANTONIO, SAN JUAN DE LETRAN, SAN CRISTOBAL, and SAN MARTIN, in the expedition commanded by Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, on their western passage across the Pacific. Jan 23: Sighted a small island where natives greeted them in Spanish. Named it "Matelotes" -- perhaps Fais. Jan 26: Found a larger island where they received the same kind of greeting. Named it "Arrecifes" for the reef -- possibly Yap or Ulithi. [Sharp 1960: 27-8; Levesque 1992: I, 571]

1565 Spanish patache SAN LUCAS, commanded by Alonso de Arellano, of the Legazpi expedition. Jan 22: Stood off an island from which two canoes of armed natives came off. Spanish fired at the canoes and captured a native boy. Perhaps Sorol. Jan 23: Sighted another low island to the west - possibly Ngulu. [Real Academia de Historia 1887: III, 25-7; Sharp 1961: 36-7]

1625 Dutch ship EENDRACHT and ten other vessels of the Nassau Fleet, commanded by Adm Gheen Schapenham, on a voyage to the Moluccas. Feb 14: Sighted an island three days out of Guam at 10'/2 N -- either Fais or Ulithi. Feb 15: Sighted a high island, "well cultivated and populous." Canoes came off but could not reach the ship. Probably Yap. [Burney 1803-17: III, 34-5; Sharp 1960: 79-80]

1686 Spanish vessel SANTA ROSA from Manila, under Francisco Lazcano, sighted an island not far to the south of Guam that he named "Carolina." Perhaps Yap or Ulithi. [Burney 1803-17: V, 4; Levesque 1996: I, 638]

1696 Spanish ship from Manila, under Juan Rodriguez, discovered an island between 10 and 11'N that was named Faraulep, before going aground on Santa Rosa Bank. [Burney 1803-17: V, 5]

1705 Spanish vessel DRAGON captured and commanded by William Dampier Apr 17: Sighted a high island which he took to be, "Arrecifes" -probably Yap. [Sharp 1960: 92-3]

Spanish vessel VICTORIA, Capt William Funnell, sighted "Arracife" (Yap) on Apr. 17th. Island seemed very high. Not sure if there were any people living on the island. [Levesque 1997: X, 468]

1711 Spanish galleon NUESTRA SENORA DEL ROSARIO was dispatched from Manila to search for "Palaos." Sighted four tiny islands that may have been Ngulu. [Barras de Aragon 1949: 1066; Kramer 1917: I, 74]

1712 Spanish patache SANTO DOMINGO, under Bernardo de Egui, on a voyage from Guam to find the Palaos. Feb 6: Found 28 low-lying islands that they named "Garbanzos" -- almost certainly Ulithi. Canoes came out to trade with the ship. When Egui tried to take some of natives as captives, a brief struggle broke out in which three natives and a Spaniard were killed. The ship left the' next day with one native aboard: [Barras de Aragon 1949: 1081-9; Kramer 1917: I, 88-100]

1731 A spanish vessel from Guam brought Frs Juan Cantova and Victor Walter, along with 12 soldiers, to Ulithi to begin missionary work there. Arrived Feb 11 and returned to Guam in May for provisions. [Carrasco 1881: 263ff; Kramer 1917: I, 105]

1733 A Spanish vessel from Guam brought Fr Victor Walter back to Ulithi on June 9. Ship was met by four canoes and learned from a native of the murder of Fr Cantova and the Spanish soldiers two years before. [Burney 1803-1817: V, 26-7]

1761 British merchantman WARWICK, Capt James Dewar, on a voyage to China. In Sept sighted islands that were taken to be "Matelotes" - may have been Ngulu. [Stevens 1808: 574]

1787 British indiaman WARREN HASTINGS, Capt J.P. Larkins, on passage to Canton. Dec 29: Sighted a string of small islands at 8) 27'N, 133 46'E - probably Ngulu. A canoe with 12 men came alongside the ship, but Hastings made sail under a fresh breeze before natives could board. Islanders were "much painted about their bodies, a great quantity of hair on their heads, and with Malay features." [East India Co 1761-1828: Log of Warren Hastings]

c1789 Unnamed ship, on passage from New Guinea northward, sighted a group of islands. The natives who came off to the ship told the sailors that this was Lamotrek. Brief description of islanders' appearance. [Pages 1797: II, 61-2]

1791 HMS SIRIUS, Lt William Bradley, on voyage from New South Wales to Batavia. June 6: Sighted three small islands at 8 6'N, 140 23'E -probably Sorol. June 18: Sighted a high island at 9 35'N, 137 39'E -most likely Yap. [Bradley 1969]

Dutch transport WAAKSAMHEYD, with Capt John Hunter aboard, on its passage from Port Jackson to Batavia in track of HMS Sirius. July 14: Sighted small islands that they named "Phillip Is" -- Sorol. July 17: Sighted three high islands at 9 33'N, 137 30'E called "Hunter's Is" -- Yap. [Hunter 1793: 243-5]

1792 American vessels HALCYON and VENUS sighted Yap on May 16 and stood in close to the reef. Several canoes came out and natives traded with the ships. [Purdy 1814: 153]

1793 British indiamen EXETER, HAWKE and HENRY DUNDAS, on passage from Bombay to China. Dec 15: Sighted a high island that they took to be Yap. [Logs of Dundas, Exeter and Hawke, L/MAR/B/331C, 138E, 390L, London, India Office Library; Stevens 1808: 601]

1796 Ship ABIGAIL of Providence, Capt Christopher Thornton, on passage from Canton to Port Jackson. Apr 22: Sighted two small islands at 6 45N, 145 25'E which they named after the first mate "Solomon's Island" --probably Eauripik. [Riesenberg 1974: 250-2]

HMS SUFFOLK, under Admiral Rainer, in companv with British transport GLOUCESTER, Lt King. Dec 15: Sighted two small islands that they named "Spencer Keys" -- actually Ngulu. [Stevens 1808: 575; Findlay,'F870: 769; Logs of HMS Suffolk, Adm 51/1202, London, PRO]

1797 British ship DUFF, Capt James Wilson, on a missionary voyage to the Pacific. Oct 25: Stood off Satawal for a day. Natives came out to trade, but were dispersed with musket shot when they tried to steal iron fastenings on the ship. Two seamen deserted here. Island was named "Tucker's Is" after one of the deserters. Oct 26: Lay off Lamotrek, which they named "Swede's Is" for the Swedish seaman who was put off there. Natives happily took him off in their canoes. Oct 27: Sighted Elato in the morning and the ship lay off trading with the islanders who came out. In the late afternoon sighted Ifaluk, but did not approach it. Oct 28: Put in at Woleai which they named "Thirteen Is". More than 50 canoes came out, some containing women, and trading took place. Good description of the people, their tools and trading practices. [Wilson 1799: 298-304]

1798 British merchantman DUCKINGFIELD HALL, Capt Moring. Jan 3: Stood off Ngulu for a few hours. Many islanders came out in canoes to trade for iron hoop. "They appeared a very inoffensive people, well made and handsome featured." [Stevens 1808: 574-5]

1800 East India packet SWALLOW, Capt John Luard, sighted Yap, perhaps in Feb. [Purdy 1814: 153; Dumont d' Urville 1835: II, 507; Log and Receipt Book for HCS Swallow, 1799-1803, London, India Office Library]

1802 British merchantman CANADA, Capt W. Wilkinson, in company with NILE & MINORCA, en route from Port Jackson to Canton. Apr 3: Sighted two small islands at 7 45'N, 142 E -- probably Eauripik. [East India Co 1761-1828: Logs of Canada, Minorca & Nile; Riesenberg 1974: 251]

1804 Ship MARIA of Boston, Capt Samuel W. Boll, on a voyage for trepang in the Carolines, brought Luis de Torres, Vice-Governor of Guam. Visited Woleai to return islanders shipwrecked on Guam. Torres urged the people to resume their trading voyages to Marianas. Introduced oxen, hogs and several plants, but without success. Left an Englishman to live on Woleai. Also sighted Faraulep, West Fayu and Pikelot on the voyage. [Kotzebue 1821: III, 112-4; Sharp 1960: 187]

1809 Spanish ship MODESTO from Manila, Capt Jose Maria Fernandez, on voyage for trepang. Governor Medinilla of Marianas was aboard. Stopped at Fais and traded with the natives there. Continued on to Palau. [Kotzebue 1821: III, 95; Kramer 1917: I, 132]

1823 English ship JAMES SCOTT, Capt John Mackenzie, on passage from Acapulco to Calcutta. June 7: Came upon Ulithi which was called "Mackenzie Group." Canoes came off and islanders traded. "Natives well-featured and inoffensive." Ship sailed on the following day. [Asiatic JournaI, XVII (1824), 652-3; Findlay 1870: 766; Damm 1938: 285-6]

1824 French corvette COQUILLE, Capt Louis Duperrey, on a scientific expedition. July 5: Sighted Satawal, whose name was reported to the Frenchmen by the natives who came out in canoes to trade for iron. The ship sailed on towards New Guinea the same day. [Lesson 1839: II, 533; Dumont d' Urville 1825: 310-1]

1825 Brig LEONIDAS of Boston, Capt J. H. Bartlett, on passage from Buenos Aires to Canton, sighted Ngulu on Dec 13. [Bartlett 1826]

1827 Whaleship ATLANTIC of Nantucket, Capt John V. Gardner, sighted an island at 8 .28'N, 144.35'E -- probably Faraulep. Later called " Gardner's Is." [Ward 1967: II, 346-7; Reynolds 1828: 21]

Whaleship HARVEST of Nantucket, Capt Richard Macy, sighted an inhabited island group at 7 40'N, 144 E -- almost certainly Woleai. [Reynolds 1828: 20; Stackpole 1953: 389]

1828 Russian sloop SENYAVIN, Capt Fedor Lutke, on a scientific expedition. Mar 25: Sighted West Fayu. Mar 26: Stood off Lamotrek. Natives came out and begged for food, greedily devouring the wormy biscuits Lutke gave them. Took 12 islanders to Elato on the same day. Mar 28: Visited Faraulep where Lutke again found the people half-starved. Met a chief who had been two years in the Marianas and knew some Spanish. Apr 1: Sighted Olimarao. One small canoe with three hungry natives came off. Apr 3: Visited Ifaluk. 100 or more natives came out to ask for food, for which they were willing to trade even their canoes. Attempted thefts were punished by beatings. Apr 4: Reached Woleai where they spent five days. Lutke went ashore to conduct observations. Found a native who had letters of appreciation written by whaling captains. Apr 12: Sighted Eauripik, but no canoes came out. When strong currents prevented Lutke from making Fais, he sailed for northern waters. [Lutke 1836: II, 127-49; Nozikov 1946: 142-4]

Trading ship CLAY of Salem, Capt William R. Driver, on a beche-de-mer voyage. Apr 1: Sighted two small islands at 8 15'N -- perhaps West Fayu or Pikelot. [Driver 1829]

French frigate ASTROLABE, commanded by Dumont d' Urville, on his first expedition into the Pacific. Apr 29: Sighted Lamotrek en route to Guam, but no contact there. June 1: Sighted Fais. June 2: Passed Ulithi. A canoe with four natives came out and traded. Natives were "communicative and even loquacious." June 3: Stood off Yap for a day. Several natives, "accustomed to European ways." boarded the ship. One of them spoke some Spanish and had been on Guam. June 5: Sighted two islets-- probably Ngulu -- but saw no people. [Dumont d' Urville 1833: V, 251, 386-90; Dumont d' Urville 1835: II, 505-8]

Russian sloop SENYAVIN, Capt F. Lutke, returned after a voyage to the Arctic for several months. Dec 16: Visited Faraulep where natives came aboard "with empty hands and stomachs, as usual." Dec 17: Lay off Woleai for a day. Natives asked for cigars and attempted to take things from the ship, as on the previous visit. Dec 20: Visited Fais. Natives came off in small canoes, clumsily handled, and requested tobacco. Most could count to four in Spanish. Dec 22: Sighted Ulithi, but could not make land due to wind and currents. Islanders who came to ship asked for tobacco. Lutke continued on towards Manila the next day. [Lutke 1836: II, 298-312; Nozikov 1946: 157]

1830 Trading schooner ANTARCTIC of NY, Capt Benjamin Morrell, on a sealing voyage. May 6: Sighted Faraulep, but saw no signs of inhabitants. May 7: Sighted Lamotrek, but did not stop. [Keeler 1831; Morrell 1832: 137-8]

British warship HMS SOPHIA, on a cruise through the Pacific, lay off Ifaluk on May 26. No inhabitants were seen. [Bennett 1831-1832: 188-9]

1833 American trading brig DASH, Capt Keating, was shipwrecked at Ngulu on Mar 16. Three of the crew were murdered by natives. Capt Keating & survivors reached Palau in a boat. [Ward 1967: V, 152 & 157; Shineberg 1971: 233]

1836 Two unnamed Spanish vessels, a brig & a schooner, while searching for beche-de-mer were cut off at Yap and their crew members murdered. Two Filipino boys survived and were kept on Yap for several years afterwards. Woodin relates that the Ibedul of Koror, angered that the Spanish would not come to Koror to trade, ordered the Yapese to cut off the vessel. [Cheyne 1852: 153-5; Shineberg 1971: 257-8; Woodin 1863: entry of 13 May 1861]

1839 French corvettes ASTROLABE and ZLEE, under Dumont d' Urville, on his second expedition. Jan 13: Reached Yap and coasted the island for a day. Canoes came out but stood well off from the ship. A single canoe ventured close enough for a native to shout the name of the island - "Guap." [Dumont d' Urville 1841- 1846: V, 204-7 & 341-2]

Unnamed ship reported sighting on May 26 group of three low islands at 8 40'N, 144 14'E -- Faraulep. Three canoes came out and natives, "apparently very poor," boarded the ship. [Ward 1967: II, 348]

1840 Brigantine ROSA, Capt Joseph Metcalf. Mar 20: Touched at Ulithi. "The number of islands is much greater than was supposed; I counted 21." Mar 23: Sighted Fais. "Boarded by several canoes; inhabitants of fine athletic race." [Ward 1967: VII, 354; II, 301]

1841 Schooner PARADISE of Hamburg, Capt Zybrandts, passed Woleai in July and corrected its location: 7 32'N, 143 30'E. [Ward 1967: V, 271 ]

Whaleship JEAN of Sydney, Capt Grimes. In Aug sighted a small island in 145 43'E -- most likely Gaferut. Called it "Grimes Island." [Ward 1967:III, 3-4: Annales Hydrgraphigues, XI (1856), 533]

USS FLYING FISH, Capt Knox, on his return from Northwestern US to Philippines, sighted Ulithi on Dec 29. Natives boarded the schooner and traded fish & coconuts. They possessed iron tools and their teeth were discolored from betelnut. [Wilkes 1845: V, 272]

1842 Whaleship YOUNG PHOENIX of NB, Capt James A. Shearman, stood off Lamotrek on Mar 14. [Shearman 1844]

Whaleship GYPSY of Sydney, Gapt Gibson, lay to off Woleai on May 2. Apparently had no contact with islanders. [Wilson 1843]

1843 British trading brig NAIAD, Capt Andrew Cheyne, on a voyage to collect beche-de-mer. Aug 15: Stood off Ngulu for three days but left after not finding anchorage. Aug 21: Anchored at Yap. Met a survivor of two Spanish ships cut off some years before. Cheyne brought Palauans to assist in the curing station. Demonstrated the use of firearms to the Yapese. When an epidemic broke out, natives made plans to take the ship. Under threat of further attacks, Naiad left Yap on Oct 15, leaving behind a few lascars who had been taken prisoner by the people of Tomil. A full account of Cheyne's two months on Yap is found in his journal. [Shineberg 1971: 244-84]

1844 British trading brig NAIAD, Capt Andrew Cheyne, visited atolls in Sept. Put in at Ifaluk where good beche-de-mer was found. Touched at Eauripik or "Kama Is." with population of 150. Visited Woleai where ship entered the lagoon." Natives' arms consist of Spanish knives, spears, clubs, slings & stones." [Cheyne 1852: 135-8]

1845 Ship IANTHE of Salem discovered a dangerous shoal at 5 53'N, 145 39'E, named "lanthe Shoal." [Ward 1967: III, 347-8]

1846 Schooner STARLING, Capt Andrew Cheyne, visited Satawal in June to get firewood before sailing east. [Notes on" Log of the schooner Starling," in possession of Dorothy Shineberg, School of General Studies, Australian National University, Canberra; Cheyne 1852: 135-6]

1848 British schooner AMELIA, Capt Lindsay, sighted Fais on Dec 25. [Ward 1967: II, 302-3]

1851 British warship HMS PANTALOON, Cmdr H. Parker, sighted "Tromelin Is" or Fais. Found no human remains, but saw "remains of buildings of coral rocks of very old date." Also discovered two large anchors and eight twelve-pounder guns in the surf. Nautical Magazine, XXI (1852), 283]

1852 Whaleship HARVEST of NB, Capt Almy, touched at "Matelotes Is" -- probably Ngulu -- on Jan 12. While off the south island of "Mutelotes,"two canoes came off with a few coconuts. [Almy 1854]

Whaleship NIAGARA of Fairhaven, Capt Benjamin Clough. Feb 17: Sighted an island at 9 10'N, 146 9'E -perhaps Faraulep, although Gaferut is closer to coordinates given. Three canoes came off to the ship. [Clough 1854]

1854 USS PORPOISE, Cmdr Edwin Carnes, on exploratory expedition to China. Feb 11: Sighted Eauripik. Feb 12: Made Yap. As the ship ran down the eastern side of the island, 20 canoes came alongside "more from natives' curiosity than with any idea of trading." Captain used some vocabulary from Cheyne's book which the islanders seemed to understand. They invited the captain to bring the ship to anchor in the reef, but he apparently decided to sail on. [Carnes 1855]

Whaling bark ACTIVE of NB, Capt Thomas Morrison, sighted Elato, Namaliour & Olimarao Islands on Feb 21. [Morrison 1854]

1855 French ship CHILI of Bordeaux, Capt Vice, sighted an island at 9.15'N, 145 11'E -- probably Gaferut. [Ward 1967: III, 3-4; Findlay 1886: 1004]

1857 Whaling bark GENERAL SCOTT of Fairhaven, Capt Benjamin Clough, made Ulithi on Mar 17. Ship anchored and the captain went ashore before making sail again. [Clough 1858]

1859 Brigantine BLACK RIVER PACKET, Capt Andrew Cheyne, returned to Yap to establish trade there with his partner, Edward Woodin. Occasional visits continued until Cheyne's death in 1866. [Shineberg 1971: 20-4]

1860 Whaleship LANCASTER of NB, Capt Thomas N. Russell. Feb 7: Sighted island at 8 30'N, 140 48'E -- Eauripik. A canoe carrying three natives came out, but the ship sailed on under strong breeze. Feb 10: Made Yap. Saw a number of houses, but no natives came off. [Russell 1861]

Whaling bark NILE of New London, Capt George Destin. On Feb 8, passed a shoal at 5 31'N, 145 42'E -- probably lanthe Shoal. [Ward 1967: III, 349]

1862 British warship HMS SPHINX, Lt Ralph Brown, in search of the crew of the wrecked Norna. Jan 27: Sighted Eauripik but could not find anchorage. Feb 10: Put in at Lamotrek. Ship laid in there until Feb 22, taking on food & wood. [Seymour 1862: Brown 1862b]

Ship BEEMAH of Sydney, Capt Thomas Johnson, on a voyage from Sydney to Shanghai. June 8: Passed Lamotrek. Natives came off in canoes and traded shells & fruits. "A strong healthy race of people and in every way friendly." [Nautical Magazine, XXXI (1862), 560]

Brigantine ACTS, Capt Alfred Tetens, visited Yap to carry on trade for Cheyne. Tetens remained for eight months collecting beche-de-mer. A lengthy but unreliable account of Tetens' visit is found in his writings. [Tetens 1958: 4-26]

1864 Brigantine ACIS, Capt Andrew Cheyne, put in at Yap on Feb 19. Cheyne complained that the natives would not fish for him regularly. Influenza epidemic broke out, killing many natives. Cheyne suspected the people of Tomil of planning to cut off the ship and would not let natives aboard. Cheyne left for Palau on Apr 8. [Cheyne 1866]

Brig WATER LILY, on voyage from London to Nagasaki, put in at Yap for provisions on Mar 29. Took on yams, fowl & a pig from Cheyne's Acis [Cheyne 1866]

Brigantine ACTS, Capt Andrew Cheyne, on a trading voyage. Sept 28: Stood off Eauripik. Took on board 11 Yapese who had drifted from Yap to the Philippines, landing at Eauripik on their return voyage. Oct 5: Put in at Ulithi. Natives came aboard and traded coconuts. "Very quiet & inoffensive race." Left the same day. Oct 8: Arrived at Yap. Found some shipwrecked Malays on the island. Tomil was at war at that time. Took aboard provisions and the cargo of beche-de-mer. Left for Macao on Dec 2. [Cheyne 1866]

1865 Brigantine ACIS, Capt Andrew Cheyne, put in at Yap on Mar 31. At first he received a cool reception, but soon chiefs agreed to collect beche-cle-mer for him. Finally took on over 22,000 Ibs of beche-de-mer which was paid for in muskets, powder & knives. Sailed for Palau on June 12. [Cheyne 1866]

c1865-1866 EBBA BRAHE, a "full-rigged ship bound for China," was wrecked on reef at Ngulu. [Tetens 1958: 64]

1866 German steamship VESTA, owned by Godeffroy Co, Capt Alfred Tetens, visited Yap about January. Established an "agency of three men, one European and two Palau islanders," for collection of beche-de-mer. Later visited Ngulu & Fais where they were well received by natives. Then put in at Ulithi where they fished for beche-de-mer. Tetens claims that he took aboard a Malayan boy, the only survivor of a proa that was massacred in Ulithi. [Tetens 1958: 64-6]

German steamship VESTA, Capt Alfred Tetens, returned to Yap after a voyage to Melanesia. The Yapese attacked his ship at night, but were frightened off by cannon. Chiefs later came aboard with gifts in atonement for the attack. Next visited Ulithi where he had left some of his men on a previous visit. Found that some Yapese on the island had tried to persuade the Ulithians to attack his men. Left Ulithi with 30 natives whom he returned to Yap. Also visited Woleai before sailing to Hongkong. [Tetens 1958: 67-71, 79]

German steamship VESTA, Capt Alfred Tetens, after stopping at Chuuk & Mortlocks again visited Ulithi. Tetens received friendly welcome, but reports that he was later surrounded & attacked by a throng of natives. He repulsed the attack, he says, and flogged the native who was responsible. After visiting several low islands, he put in at Yap where he found the island ravaged by warfare. After accidentally wounding himself with his musket, he left for Europe. [Tetens 1958: 92-4, 97-100]

1870 German trading brig SUSANNE, Capt John Peters, put in at Yap in Aug. Brought John Kubary from Ebon. Remained there until January 1871. [Paszkowski 1971: 46]

1871 Ship BELVIDERE of Savannah, Capt Congreve, on a pearl diving cruise, was wrecked near Yap. O'Keefe, the only survivor, was washed up on shore at Yap. [Klingman 1950: 16-7]

Trading vessel OCEANIA, owned by Godeffroy Co, Capt Weber, put in at Yap. Took aboard O'Keefe who had been shipwrecked near Yap some months before and brought him to Hongkong. [Klingman 1950: 70]

1872 German trading brig SUSANNE, Capt John Peters, visited Yap in Mar or Apr. Took on 11 Yapese laborers for the plantation in Samoa. The ship was stopped by the HMS Barrosa and investigated on its labor practices, but allowed to continue on its way. [Moore 1872]

Chinese junk CATHERINE of Singapore, Capt D.D. O'Keefe, put in Yap. O'Keefe returned with the ship that he had purchased in China to establish a trading station on Yap. [Purcell 1967: 51]

c1872 American schooner EAGLE, Capt Bird, had apparently put in at Yap and taken on native crew members before proceeding to Hermit Islands where it was cut off by islanders and its crew murdered. [British Royal Navy 1876]

1873 Schooner SCOTLAND, Capt Crayton P. Holcomb, on a trading voyage to New Guinea, visited Yap for the first time. [Holcomb 1887: Holcomb to sister, 27 Jan 1874]

1874 Schooner SCOTLAND, Capt C.P. Holcomb, returned to Yap in Apr. Holcomb set up his own permanent station there. [Holcomb 1887: Holcomb to sister, 27 Jan 1874]

Schooner COERAN of Hernsheim Co, Capt Edward Hernsheim, arrived in Yap on Oct 1 to search for beche-de-mer. Left Yap in Jan 1875. Franx Hernsheim, brother of the captain, was a passenger. Description of Yap in his book, Sudsee Erinnerungen, is based on this voyage. [Kramer 1917: I, 151; Hernsheim 1883: 17-35; Hernsheim 1983:16]

Unnamed Spanish warship visited Woleai. Its crew reportedly cut down many breadfruit and coconut trees, leaving the people starving afterwards. [Robertson 1876: 50]

1875 British schooner RUPAK, Capt Benjamin F. Gall, on a trading & fishing voyage. In Feb, visited Ngulu and Ulithi, both of which were scantily populated. Next visited Yap where three or four white traders were living. "Until late this people had borne a very bad character in consequence of their having boarded and captured several vessels from Manila and murdered their crews; now, however, they are generally well disposed to Europeans." Gives a short description of the products grown by the Yapese. On Mar 28, put in at Woleai where they found people starving and an Englishman living ashore. On Mar 31, put in at Ifaluk. A few natives came off in their canoes and traded for tobacco. Continued its voyage to the east. [Robertson 1876: 47-50]

Schooner COERAN, Capt Edward Hernsheim, put in at Yap about April. [Hernsheim 1983:28]

1876 German naval corvette SMS HERTHE, Capt Knorr, on its voyage to map the area and protect the interests of German and British traders. Visited Yap in Jan. Forced the natives to restore property stolen from an English trader. Surveyed the islands of Ngulu, Satawal, Lamotrek, Elato, Ifaluk, Woleai, Fais, Ulithi & Faraulep. [Robertson 1876: 49-50; Annales Hydrographigues, XL (1877), 431-5]

British trading schooner SEABIRD, owned by O'Keefe, Capt Davis, put in at Yap on Mar 28. Later visited Ulithi & Woleai. Miklucho-Maclay, the Russian ethnologist, was aboard. [Kramer 1917: I, 149; Greenop 1944: 141-2]

German trading brig SUSANNE, Capt Loser, in at Yap on Sept 17. The ship damaged its rudder and returned to Jaluit for repairs. [Young 1877: entry for 30 Nov 1876]

1877 Schooner AGNES DONALD, owned by Thomas Farrell, Capt 'Murray, visited Yap in June on a trading voyage. [Young 1877: entry for 28 July 1877]

Schooner MONTIARA of Singapore, Capt Ravekilde, on a beche-de-mer cruise, visited Yap about Aug. Departed for Pohnpei & Ebon. [Young 1877: entry for 11 Sept 1877]

Trading schooner PACIFIC, Capt Peterson, in at Yap in Dec. Left on Dec 23 for the Marshalls. [Young 1877: entry for 15 Jan 1878]

1878 British brig QUEEN of Singapore, Capt O'Keefe, arrived at Yap in Jan. Remained three months taking on copra. [McGinniss 1882; Hongkong Telegraph . 18 Apr 1885]

Schooner LOTUS, J. L. Young acting as Master, arrived from Jaluit in Mar to trade on Yap for Capelle Co. Young engaged a new captain there and remained on the island for a time. [Young 1878-1929; J.L. Young to Alice Young 13 Mar 1878]

Schooner TUTUILA of Capelle Co, Capt Fisher, lying at Yap in Mar. Left for the islands to the east at the end of the month. [Young 1878-1929: J. L. Young to Mrs Hudson, 14 Dec 1878]

Brig VISION of Auckland, Capt G.H. Harris, put in at Yap in Apr. [New Zealand Herald, 15 Oct 1878; Hongkong Telegraph, 18 Apr 1885]

1880 German steamer PACIFIC, owned by Hernsheim Co, arrived at Yap on Mar 13. [Hongkong Telegraph, 17 Apr 1885]

Schooner LOTUS, Capt Nahnsen, put in at Faraulep in Mar and later visited Woleai. Ship had drifted for 60 days on a voyage from Jaluit to Ebon and had 38 Marshallese aboard. [Young 1881: entry for 26 Mar 1880]

Barkentine MATHILDE, Capt Nissen, called at Woleai, Faraulep & Yap in Mar. Departed Yap bound for Pohnpei. [Young 1881: entry for 26 Mar 1880]

Schooner LILLA, owned by O'Keefe, arrived from China at Yap on June 1. Later in the same year it was wrecked in Palau. [McGinniss 1882;Le Hunte 1883: statement of D. D. O'Keefe, 19 Aug 1883]

German steamship PACIFIC in at Woleai. Left there on Sept 30. [Young 1881: entry for 14 Oct 1880]

Schooner BEATRICE of Shanghai, Capt Williams, visited several islands in the Yap area to pick up copra. Touched at Faraulep (Oct 11), Woleai (Oct 14), Lamotrek (Oct 20) & Satawal (Oct 24.) [Young 1881]

German schooner TONGA TABU stopped at Yap in Oct for about a week. [Le Hunte 1883: Judicial Proceedings, D.D. O'Keefe, 18 Aug 1883]

c1880 Danish trading vessel ALLERUP visited Yap. [Klingman 1950: 274-5]

1881 Schooner OLESAGA of Jaluit, Capt Schleuter, put in at Yap to trade. Left on Apr 11, touching at Lamotrek before sailing on to Pohnpei. [Young 1881: entry for 12 May 1881]

American junk WRECKER, owned by O'Keefe, Capt Graham, arrived at Yap from Hongkong. [McGinniss 1882]

German warship SMS HABICHT, Capt Kuhn, stopped at Yap. [Le Hunte 1883: paragraph 47 of report]

Spanish brigantine MANUEL of Manila, Capt Joaquin Villarte, put in at Yap on Oct 21 after suffering serious damages in a storm. The islanders fed the crew for four months and wanted to trade for tobacco & chickens. Crew was taken off Yap by the Treya in Feb 1882. [El Comercio, 11 Feb 1882]

1882 British bark FLUELLEN, Capt Scarlett, arrived at Yap on Jan 22. Discharged two seamen on the, island and left Yap in Mar. [Le Hunte 1883: Enc 3 in Judicial Proceedings]

German steamer TREYA, Capt E..Hofmeier, put in at Yap in early Feb. Took on passengers of disabled brig Manuel and brought them to Manila. [El Comercio, 14 Feb 1882]

Spanish steamer ROMEO visited Yap in Apr. Picked up 12 persons from mailship Agustin, wrecked in the area. Towed disabled Manuel back to Manila. [McGinniss 1882; El Comercio 7 May 1882]

German bark CASSI LDA visited Yap in July. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Charles Ingolls, 17 July 1883]

RODERICK HAY in at Yap. Left Aug 30. [Hongkong Telegraph, 17 Apr 1885]

Schooner CAROLINE, Capt Felix Becker, visited Yap in Aug. After leaving Yap, the ship was wrecked close to Woleai. About a month later the crew sailed from Woleai in a small boat, apparently bound for Pohnpei. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of D.D. O'Keefe, 18 Aug 1883]

Schooner BEATRICE Shanghai, Capt H.T. Williams, in at Yap in Nov Brought John Kubary to Yap. [Kubary 1889: I, 4-5]

1883 Schooner BEATRICE of Shanghai, Capt H.T. Williams, in at Yao in Jan. Returned to Yap on Apr 22. Left for Palau a week later. [Hongkong Telegraph, 17 Apr 1885; Swanston 1885: VI; Le Hunte 1883: statement of J.S. Kubary, 11 Aug 1883]

French bark MARIA LOUISA, Capt Ohner, bound for Jaluit & Pohnpei, put in at Yap on Mar 2. Brought R.S. Swanston to live on Yap as a trader for Capelle Co. Ship left Yap with a full cargo of copra on Mar 17. Swanston's journal gives a good picture of life on Yap in his day. [Swanston 1885: VI]

German schooner EMILE HESSENMULLER visited Woleai & Yap in May. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of D.D. O'Keefe, 18 Aug 1883]

British warship HMS ESPIEGLE, Capt Cyprian Bridge, on a cruise to investigate charges against several traders. Arrived at Yap on Aug 15. Received testimony regarding several court cases. Left Yap on Aug 21. The report of the ship's cruise offers a great deal of detailed information on traders in the area, among other things. [Le Hunte 1883; Bridge; 1883: 12-3]

German bark HERMANN, chartered by O'Keefe in Hongkong, arrived in Yap on Aug 15. Sailed for Hongkong on Aug 31 with a full load of copra. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Spanish steamer CASTELLANO arrived in Yap on Nov 6. Brought personnel and materials for a Spanish factory to be set up there. [Sociedad Espanola de Africanistas y Colonistas 1886: 138-9]

AGNES EDGELL from Jaluit arrived at Yap on Nov 26. Brought representative for Capelle Co. Sailed for New Britain on Dec 16. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Schooner MONTIARA put in at Yap on Dec 25. Sailed for Hongkong on Dec 30. [Swanston 1885: VI]

1884 Brigantine COLONIAL of Sydney, Capt Simpson, put in at Yap on Jan 4. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Brig SWAN, owned by Capt O'Keefe, returned to Yap on Feb 1 from Palau with 1,480 pieces of stone money. Sailed for Mapia & Palau on Feb 29, returning to Yap on Apr 21. On May 7, sailed for Hongkong with R.S. Swanston aboard. [Swanston 1885: VI]

German bark MUSEA of Hamburg arrived in Yap on Feb 19. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Schooner HANS arrived at Yap on Apr 4. Sailed for Hermit Is on Apr 10. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Bark DORA arrived at Yap on Apr 6. Sailed for Hamburg with load of copra on Apr 20. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Schooner BARTOLA, Capt Crayton P. Holcomb, arrived at Yap in May. Holcomb had recently bought the schooner in Sydney. En route to Yap, he stopped in Manila to recommend Spanish annexation of the Carolines to authorities there. [Holcomb 1887: C.P. Holcomb to sister, 6 Nov 1884]

1885 Brig SWAN, owned by O'Keefe, Capt Henderson, departed Yap on Jan13 for Southwest Islands. Returned to Yap on Feb 10. [Kubary 1889: I, 79-80, 114]

Spanish steamer VELASCO, Capt Emilio Butron y Serna, on an exploratory voyage to gather information before the Spanish asserted their claims in the region. Put in at Yap on Feb 26. Butron collected a good deal of ethnographical information on the island before leaving on Mar 8. [Butron 1885: 101-19, 138-44]

Spanish freighter SAN QUENTIN, Capt Guil de Espana, arrived in Yap on Aug 21. Its companion ship CAR R I EDO arrived on the following day. Ships brought. the governor, two priests, convict laborers and soldiers, and materials for building a church and a governor's residence. German cruiser Iltis sailed in and raised German flag before the Spanish could setup their government. The Spanish ship thereupon left the island. [Muller 1917: I, 5-6]

German naval cruiser SMS ILTIS, Capt Hofmeier, anchored off Yap on Aug 26. Officials promptly raised German flag over the island, outmaneuvering the Spanish. [Muller 1917: I, 5-6]

Spanish vessel DON JUAN of Manila probably put in at Yap in Aug. Collected a load of beche-de-mer in the Carolines before returning to Manila in Sept. [El Comercio, 21 Sept 1885]

German warship SMS ALBATROS, Capt Pluddemann, touched at Yap on Sept 12. Later visited Woleai and other islands in the area. [Kramer 1917: I, 148]

German ship KATHERINE, Capt Becker, was shipwrecked off Faraulep. Crew supposedly remained on the island for a year and a half. [Damm 1938: 194-5]