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POHNPEI

1528 Spanish ship FLORIDA, commanded by Alvaro de Saavedra, on his first attempt to recross the Pacific from the Moluccas. Around Aug sighted an island lying at 7° N that may have been an outlier of Pohnpei -- Pingelap, Ngatik or Mokil. [Wright 1951: 53; Sharp 1960: 19-21]

1529 Spanish ship FLORIDA, Alvaro de Saavedra, on second attempt to recross the Pacific. On Sept 14, came upon an island in 6° or 7° N that may have been Pohnpei or one of its outliers. [Wright 1951: 58; Sharp 1960: 20-1]

1595 Spanish ship SAN JERONIMO, commanded by Pedro Fernandez de Ouiros, on a passage to Manila from Santa Cruz. On Dec 23, sighted an island at 6° N of 25 leagues circumference and well-populated. Ship almost went aground here. The island, later called "Quirosa," was almost certainly Pohnpei; the small islands of Ant were also seen. [Markham 1904: I, 113-4, 156; Sharp 1960: 54]

1773 Spanish ship NUESTRA SENORA DE LA CONSOLACION, Capt Felipe Tompson, en route from New Guinea. In June sighted islands at 5°40'N, 156° 14'E (of Paris). Called them "Los Valientes" since they were thought to be the islands that Quiros sighted in 1595 -- probably Ngatik. Next sighted a reef with one islet alongside at 7° 20N, 154° 52'E. Named it "San Agostino" -- perhaps Oroluk. [Duperrey 1827: 64; Sharp 1960: 127-8]

1787 Ship ALLIANCE of Philadelphia, Capt Thomas Read, on a trading voyage to China, sighted Pohnpei. and a nearby island on Dec 23. Named them "Morris" and "Alliance." Canoes came off, but would not come too near the ship. [Dale 1788; Bond 1897: 578-9]

1793 British storeship BRITANNIA of London, Capt William Raven, on voyage from England to Port Jackson, sighted Ngatik on Dec 25 which he named "Raven's Is."(Riesenberg 1974:250; Murray 1796]

British ship SUGAR CANE, Capt Musgrave, on a passage from Australia to China. Sighted two islets at 6 1/4° V, 159 1/2'E. Named them "Musgrave Is" -Pingelap. Sighted another cluster of seven islets at 6° N, 157 1/2'E. Called them "Seven Islands" --Ngatik. [Sharp 1960: 175-6]

1798 Ship ANN & HOPE of Providence, Capt Benjamin Page, on a trading voyage to Canton via Port Jackson. Nov 24: Sighted a "small sand island" at 5° 57'N, c156° E -- possibly Ngatik. [Page 1799]

1801 Trading bark LYDIA of Boston, Capt Moses Barnard, on a voyage to Canton. Dec 27: Sighted a low island at 3° 50'N, 152°' 25'E -perhaps Nukuoro. [Haswell 1802]

1802 Unnamed Spanish vessel under Joaquin Lafita sighted Ngatik on Nov 6 and - determined its location. [Duperrey 1827: 64]

1803 Ship PATTERSON of Providence, Capt Jonathan Aborn, on a sealing and trading voyage to Canton. Dec 28: Sighted a low island at 6° N and about 156° E -- perhaps Ngatik. [Aborn 1804]

1806 Spanish frigate PALA, Capt Juan Baptista Monteverde, en route from Manila to Peru. Feb 18: Sighted Nukuoro which they called "Dunkin Is." Natives came out to trade. "Inhabitants are of the most pacific disposition." Brief description of their appearance by Monteverde. Later the ship also sighted Oroluk. [Sharp 1960: 189; Ward 1967: V, 275; Sydney Gazette, 6 Nov 1808]

1809 Ship TONQUIN of NY, Capt Edmund Fanning, on a trading & sealing voyage. Apr 25: Sighted islands at 0° 37'N, 155° 19'E which they named "Equator Is" -- probably Kapingamarangi. [Fanning 1838: 130-1; Riesenberg 1974: 256-7]

LADY BARLOW, Capt MacAskill. en route from Sydney to Canton. Oct 29: Sighted three small islands at 6° 12'N, 158° 32'E -- almost certainly Pingelap. [Kramer 1932: II, 5; Duperrey 1827: 229; Horsburgh 1817: II, 521]

1811 Ship ISABELLA of London, Capt Mausland, on a passage from Sydney to Manila, was wrecked at "Carol Island," a reef located at 7°21'N, 156° 30'E -- probably Oroluk. [Nautical Magazine, XXI (June 1852), 334; XI (Jan 1842), 491]

1812 British indiaman GENERAL GRAHAM, Capt William Watson, on passage from Port Jackson to Canton. May 6: Sighted a high island at about 7° N -perhaps Pohnpei. Canoes came off towards the ship. [East India Co 1761-1828: Log of General Graham]

1815 British indiaman MARQUIS OF WELLINGTON, Capt G. Betham, en route from Sydney to Canton. May 7: Sighted low islands at 6° 4.N, 159° 48'E -almost certainly Mokil. Named them "Wellington Group." May 8: Sighted Pohnpei. [East India Co 1761-1828: Log of Marquis of Wellington]

1824 French corvette COQUILLE, Capt Louis Duperrey, on a scientific expedition to the Pacific. June 17: Stood off Pingelap for a day. Several canoes came alongside and natives traded food and loinclctthes for iron. June 18: Lay off Mokil which they named "Duperrey's Is." Canoes came out to trade, with one islander showing off a piece of iron fashioned into an adze. Ship sailed westward the same day. Physical appearance of islanders and some of their artifacts described in Lesson. [Lesson 1839: II, 523-8; Dumont d'Urville 1825: 302-3]

Whaleship RAMBLER of Nantucket, Capt William Worth, sighted a low island at 7° N, 155° 20'E -- probably Oroluk. Named it "Tucker's Is." [Stackpole 1953: 371]

1825 English bark JOHN BULL, Capt John Henry Rowe, on a voyage from Australia. Sept 10: Touched at Pohnpei. Was chased by five canoes and did not land. Named the island "John Bull's Is." [Sydney Gazette, 15 June 1827; Hobart Colonial Times, 25 May 1827]

Whaleship SPARTAN of Nantucket, Capt Prince B. Mooers, sighted an island at 1° 10'N, 154° 30'E -- probably Kapingamarangi. [Sharp 1960: 209; Stackpole 1953: 372]

1826 British ship HENRY PORCHER, Capt John Thompson, on a passage from Sydney to China. Feb 6: Sighted seven islets at 6° 7'N -- possibly Ngatik. [East India Co 1761-1828: Log of Henry Porcher]

French ship PERUVIEN of Bordeaux, Capt P. Saliz, sighted Oroauk on June 18 and named it "I le de gordelaise." [Duperrey 1827: 63]

1827 Ship GUILFORD, Capt Johnson, sighted Oroluk in Oct and named it "Jane Is." [Findlay 1870: 753]

Whaleship ATLANTIC of Nantucket, Capt John V. Gardner, sighted Kapingamarangi. [Reynolds 1828: 21; Stackpole 1953: 373]

1828 Russian sloop SENYAVIN, Capt Fedor Lutke, on a scientific expedition around the world. Jan 15: Ships put in at Kitti on Pohnpei and 40 canoes came out. Twice a ship's boat was sent ashore with sailors to carry out scientific surveys, but natives impeded the work both times. Ships sailed around to Net Harbor, but native canoes surrounded the boats when they put ashore and forced them to return to the ships. Jan 17: Passed and charted Ant Is. Jan 18: Passed Pakin. A canoe with six natives came out to trade for iron and cloth. Jan 24: Sighted Ngatik and cruised along its shore, but could not find anchorage. Saw several natives on shore, but no canoes. Pohnpei and its satellite islands named "Senyavin Group" thereafter. [Lutke 1836: II, 29-37; Nozikov 1946: 132-5]

British ship EPHEMINA, Capt William Harper, on a voyage from Sydney to Canton. Mar 15: Sighted Pohnpei and Ant and sailed along the reef. A canoe carrying three men and a boy came out. Some barter carried on for about an hour before the ship sailed on. [Riesenberg 1968: 3; Osborne 1833: 34; Singapore Chronicle, 29 Jan 1829]

1830 Ship LARKINS, Capt W. Campbell, sighted Oroluk on Feb 23. It was subsequently called either "Larkin's Reef" or "Campbell's Reef." [Findlay 1870: 754]

British naval cruiser HMS SOPHIA, on a cruise through the Pacific, sighted Nukuoro in May. Ship saw fires on shore -- "the only indication we perceived that the islands were inhabited." [Bennett 1831-1832: 89]

Trading schooner ANTARCTIC of NY, Capt Benjamin Morrell, on passage to Fiji for beche-de-mer. May 17: Sighted Nukuoro where they saw "not the least signs of any inhabitants," according to the ship's log. Sept 5: Ship again stood off Nukuoro after its return from Fiji. Several canoes came off and trading was conducted aboard ship. Natives left ship for shore, but returned to attack the vessel after taking on arms. The attack was repulsed by cannon and musket fire. About 20 natives were killed and wounded. Ship left the next day. Morrell's account is largely fancy, but Keeler's journal has a good factual report of the incident. [Keeler 1831; Morrell 1832: 391-4, 435-7]

1832 Bark PERU of Salem, Capt John H. Eagleston, on a beche-de-mer cruise, sighted Ngatik & Pohnpei on Jan 2, but did not stop. [Eagleston 1833]

British whaler KENT, Capt William Lawton, sighted Oroluk on Feb 13. [Beale 1839: 332]

British whaleship ALBION of Sydney, Capt John Evans, put in at Pohnpei in Nov. [Riesenberg 1972: 25; Gulick 1858: 34-9]

English whaling bark NIMROD of Sydney, Capt Joseph White, anchored at Pohnpei in Nov. [Riesenberg 1972: 25; Gulick 1858: 34]

Ship PLANTER, Capt L. Frazer, on passage from Australia to India Dec 20: Sighted Pohnpei which they called "William the Fourth Group" and small islands to the northwest that must have been Pakin. [Riesenberg 968:3; Frazer 1834: 74-6; Osborne 1833: 34-5]

1833 Trading bark PALLAS of Salem, Capt Henry Archer, on a trading voyage to the Pacific. Oct 14: Sighted a group of islands at 6° 32'N, 160° 46'E -Pingelap. [Archer 1834]

English whaling bark NIMROD of Sydney, Capt McAuliffe. Nov 25: While lying at anchor at Pingelap, the ship was attacked by natives. Capt McAuliffe and two of his crew were killed, while three others were wounded. The vessel escaped, leaving five natives dead. Nov 30: Arrived at Pohnpei and stayed. for a few days. Put ashore nine whites who had been taken aboard at Pingelap. [Knight 1925: 204; Ward 1967: V, 533; Sydney Gazette, 8 Apr, 8 May, 26 Nov 1834; Sydney Herald, 8 May 1834]

Brig SPY of Salem, Capt John B. Knight, on a trading voyage, visited Pohnpei on Nov 27. An Irishman (O'Connell) piloted ship in. Natives came out to trade aboard ship. Ex-convicts living ashore helped the crew obtain turtle shell. On 3rd day in port, a fight broke out between a throng of natives & crew over natives' attempts to take iron from the ship. Two sick seamen were discharged in Pohnpei, while three whites living ashore were taken on as crew members. Left for Guam in early Dec. [Knight 1925: 199-206]

Unnamed trading vessel from Botany Bay put in at Pohnpei in Nov. Collected 700 lbs of turtle shell. Several white convicts, probably stowaways from Australia, came off and remained on Pohnpei. [Knight 1925: 200]

1834 Bark CLEMENTINE of Hawaii, Capt Jules Dudoit, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Oct 30 collecting tortoise shell. [Winn 1835]

Ship ELIZA of Salem, Capt Joseph Winn, on a trading voyage in Pacific. Oct 30: Put in at Pohnpei. "Several canoes came off with a white man who was engaged to go on as interpreter." After sailing around the island, Eliza anchored, nearly striking a reef. "Traded with the natives and collected turtle shell."Made for sea on Nov 7. [Winn 1835]

British ship NORTH BRITON, Capt Morrison, arrived at Pohnpei on Nov 12. While ashorethe crew visited some graves "covered with stones in a form of a well-proportioned tower." Made for sea on Nov 16. [Hugel 1860: 66-8]

1835 Brig WAVERLY of Oahu, Capt Cathcart, put in at Pohnpei & Pingelap in Jan. Left bound for New Hebrides, but the vessel was damaged in a gale and forced to put in at "Bontabay." There a man was left ashore to collect turtle shell while the ship sailed to Kosrae where it was cut off. [Appleton 1834]

Schooner HONDURAS of Boston, Capt John G. Scott, on a shelling voyage in company of Thetis, visited Pohnpei on May 31. Remained three weeks. Left five Malays and supercargo on Pohnpei to trade, Sailed for Kosrae where natives attacked the ship and killed 13 men. Returned to Pohnpei on Sept 3 where it shipped a crew of Pohnpeians and continued its voyage. [Ward 1967: III, 541-2, 555-7]

Schooner THETIS of Honolulu, late Capt Rogers, on a shelling voyage, reached Pohnpei in June. Shortly before, a mutiny had arisen in which the master, two mates, and three others were killed. Left Pohnpei for Honolulu shortly afterwards. [Ward 1967: III, 541-2, 544-6, 550]

Brig HARMONY of Isle de France, Capt Brown, in at Pohnpei in Oct to collect tortoise shell. Signed on as a crew-member a Pohnpeian boy of 16. Left three men ashore to trade after ship's departure. [Riesenberg 1968: 4; Nautical Magazine, VII (1838), 138]

Trading bark PALLAS of Salem, Capt Henry Archer. Nov 19: Sighted Mokil. "Canoes came off bringing coconuts, etc." Nov 21: Sighted group of low islands 30 miles west of a high island -- probably Ngatik. Sailed to Pohnpei and returned to Ngatik. [Archer 1836]

A ship's boat reportedly put in at Ngatik with " a chief, four men & a boy." All six whites, presumably survivors of the Waverly after the attack on this ship at Kosrae, were killed by the natives of Ngatik. The Ngatikese recounted this story several years later. [Ward 1967: VI, 167-8]

A boat with seven survivors from the British whaleship Corsair of London, wrecked in the Gilberts in late 1834, arrived in Pohnpei. At their arrival they were almost killed upon refusing to give up their boat at the request of a chief, but the Wasai of Madolenihmw protected them. Some of the men died of exhaustion soon afterwards, however. [Blake 1924: 20; Hambruch 1936: I, 98; Ward 1967: VI, 135-6]

c1835 British whaleship CONWAY of Sydney put in at Pohnpei; A seaman deserted there. [Blake 1924: 664]

1836 British cutter LAMBTON, Capt C.H. Hart, on a trading voyage, put in at Pohnpei in Jan. Found 25 whites living on the island; learned that one Pohnpeian had been on cruise to Hawaii. A full description of the geography of the island, dress & appearance of the people, wars & religious practices, and the trading practices. (The account by Campbell, the ship's surgeon, was apparently plagiarized by Michelena y Rojas.) Afterwards visited Ngatik where a shore party of four or five crew members was attacked by natives and forced to flee to ship. Sailed away to Sydney, carrying off a Pohnpeian native. [Riesenberg 1959: 338-64; Riesenberg 1966: 9; Blake 1924: 661]

Whaleship FALCON of London, Capt C. Hingston, put in at Pohnpei in Apr. Was forced to remain for a long time because of contrary winds. Finally went on reef in July. Natives attempted to plunder the ship but were driven off. They returned in force on Aug 7 to attack the ship. The captain, mate, & four of the crew were killed. [Hambruch 1936: I, 104-8; Blake 1924: 12-28, 654-73]

British cutter LAMBTON of Sydney, Capt C.H. Hart, returned to Pohnpei on Aug 12. After an attack by the natives on whaleship Falcon, Hart & two other shipmasters led a counter-attack with the aid of-400 natives & 40 crew members. They finally caught and killed those Pohnpeians responsible for the attack. Nanawah the principal instigator of the attack, was captured & hanged aboard the Lambton. [Hambruch 1936: I, 104-8; Blake 1924: 12-28, 654-73; Dunbabin 1926]

Schooner UNITY of Oahu, Capt W. Hart, put in at Pohnpei on Aug 12. Together with Lambton & Avon, the Unity led a force to punish the murderers of the crew of Falcon. [Hambruch 1936: I, 103; Blake 1924: 12-28, 654-73]

Schooner AVON of Honolulu, Capt Jules Dudoit, on a trading voyage, was anchored at Pohnpei in Aug. Along with Lambton & Unity, the crew of Avon undertook a punitive expedition after the attack on the Falcon. In return for a claim to the wreck and its oil, Dudoit brought survivors from the Falcon to Guam in Sept. [Hambruch 1936: I, 103; Blake 1924: 12-28, 654-73]

Ship ELIZA of Salem. Capt John D. Winn, on a beche-de-mer voyage, put in at Pohnpei in Dec. Ship was windbound for 90 days, finally leaving at the end of Feb. 16 of original crew left ship, but replacements were procured. [Ward 1967: VI, 123]

1837 Schooner PEARL, Capt M.Grombeck, visited Pohnpei early in the year. The captain visited the ruins of Madolenihmw and described 11 forts on the island. [Sandwich Island Gazette, 2 Sept 1837; Wilson 1843: entry for 17 Apr 1841]

Cutter LAMBTON of Sydney, Capt C.H. Hart, put in at Ngatik in July after visiting Pohnpei. Brought in tow two canoes filled with armed Pohnpeians and the large boat from the Falcon. Soon after their arrival, Hart and his men began a general massacre of males on the island. About 40-60 natives in all were killed. 20 natives fled in canoes, but were never heard of again. Hart took off all the good turtle shell he found. Returned to Ngatik in Aug, just one month after the massacre on the island. Brought 20 Pohnpeians and some white beachcombers to live in Ngatik. [Blake 1924: 661-7; R iesenberg 1966: 9-12; Ward 1967: VI, 167-8]

Schooner NOTRE DAME DE PAIX of Honolulu, Capt M. Grombeck, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 13. Put Fr Desire Maigret ashore at Madolenihmw to begin a mission there. Another priest who died en route was buried on Nah Is. Two Hawaiians & two Mangarevans were also left ashore as companions for Fr Maigret. The schooner left Pohnpei on Dec 28. [Maigret 1838; Roach 1975: 196-99; Kuykendall 1933: 88-90]

1838 FAWN, Capt Gardener, lying at Madolenihmw, Pohnpei, on Mar 16. [Maigret 1838: entry for 17 Apr 1838]

FOLKSTONE, Capt Bliss, lying at Madolenihmw, Pohnpei, on Mar 16. [Maigret 1838: entry for 17 Apr 1838]

Brig MERMAID of Salem, Capt John H. Eagleston, on a beche-de-mer cruise, came to anchor at Pohnpei on June 14. Found the natives "very friendly" and saw fortifications "built by Spaniards" (Nanmadol). Made for sea on June 18. [Eagleston 1839]

Schooner NOTRE DAME DE PAIX, Capt M. Grombeck, returned to Pohnpei on July 2. Took Fr Desire Maigret off the island after seven months of fruitless work. Two Mangarevan companions of Fr Maigret remained on Pohnpei to marry local women, and two Pohnpeian men sailed in their place, eventually settling in Tahiti and establishing families there. Sailed for Valparaiso on July 29. [Maigret 1838; Kuykendall 1933: 88-90]

French corvettes ASTROLABE and ZELEE, under the command of Dumont d'Urville, on his second expedition into the Pacific. Dec 17: Lay off Nukuoro for a day. Several canoes came out and the natives traded for ironware. No scars or wounds were visible on men, leading the French to conclude that they were peaceful people. Description of their physical appearance and canoe design. [Dumont d'Urville 1841-1846: V, 117-20, 306-8]

1839 British man-of-war HMS LARNE, Cmdr P.L. Blake, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 17 to investigate the atrocities committed by the crew of the Lambton after the burning of the whaleship Falcon. After interviewing several persons regarding the incident, the Larne left Kitti on Jan 31 for Ngatik where it anchored for three days. Finally set sail for China on Feb 3. The Larne reportedly took away a bronze Spanish cannon that had long been in Kitti. Blake's account contains observations on European beachcombers living in Pohnpei. [Blake 1924: 655-6; Hambruch 1936: I, 104-8; Dunbabin 1926: 258-66]

Whaleship OHIO of Nantucket, Capt Charles W. Coffin. Apr 14: Lay off Mokil where they were visited by the natives. Apr 16: Put in at Pohnpei. Natives came out to ship "with a white man who acts as pilot." Took on wood & water. Left ashore a sick seaman and made sail on Apr 29. [Coffin 1841]

Whaleship PERUVIAN of Nantucket, Capt David Osborne, at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 16. [Coffin 1841]

Whaleship HERALD at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 16. [Coffin 1841]

Whaleship MARCUS of Fairhaven, Capt Shearman, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 18. Departed on Apr 28. [Coffin 1841]

Trading ship FRANCES CHARLOTTE, en route from Sydney to Manila, put in at Ngatik on May 30. Boarded by four Europeans residing there. Ship purchased pigs, coconuts & yams. [Ward 1967: V, 145-6]

1840 Whaleship CHARLES DREW of Fairhaven, Capt Nathaniel 8onney, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 16. Took on water. Four men ran away, but were caught and put in irons. Sailed on Apr 3. [Bonney 1842]

Whaleship LANCASTER of NB, Capt R.N. Swift, at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 1. [Bonney 1842]

Whaleship LONDON PACKET of Fairhaven, Capt Moses Howland, in at Pohnpei on Apr 3. [Bonney 1842]

Whaleship OHIO of Nantucket, Capt Charles W. Coffin, again put in at Pohnpei on Apr 18. Left ashore two natives of the Society Is who were sick and a Pohnpeian crew member who deserted. Sailed from Pohnpei on May 4. [Coffin 1841]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of London in at Pohnpei on May 3. Ship departed the next day. [Coffin 1841]

Whaleship MARTHA of Newport, Capt Oliver Potter, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on May 3. Ship left the next day. [Coffin 1841]

French corvette DANAIDE, Capt J. de Rosamel, on a hydrographical survey of islands in the Pacific. Put in at Pohnpei on Sept 5 and spent ten days surveying the island. Louise Corgat, a native of Seychelles who had been living at Pohnpei for some time, assisted the Frenchmen. Rosamel's report included extensive remarks on ship traffic to Pohnpei, commercial produce of the islands, and introduction of animals & plants. [Hambruch 1936: I, 114-9; Annales maritime et coloniales, XXX (1845), 65-8]

Unnamed whaleship, Capt R.L. Hunter, on passage from New Ireland to China Sea, lay off Nukuoro on Dec 10. 12 canoes came alongside with about 50 men. Cord rope, coconuts & fish were traded for iron hooping & knives. Lay off for three days before pursuing its voyage. [Eilers 1934: 169-70]

British whaling bark BRIXTON of London, Capt Elbourne, in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [Information on photo of Ascension Island, Neg No 14975, Salem, Peabody Museum]

British whaleship MECHANIC of St Johns, Capt Allen, in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [Information on photo of Ascension Island, Neg No 14975, Salem, Peabody Museum]

1840- 1841 Brig FRIEND, Capt Bug, stopped at Ngatik. Put a white man ashore. [HMCS 1853-1947: "Notes on Raven's Island," undated & unsigned]

1841 British bark HOPE, Capt Beckford Simpson, put in at Pohnpei in Jan or Feb. Found "about 50 Europeans, principally English," on the island. Excellent description of island. [Simpson 1844: 61-2; Sydney Herald, 15 May 1844]

Bark CLARINDA, Capt E.P. Godby, put in at Ngatik on Feb 15. Two canoes came out. One of them carried some women dressed as men. Natives tried to persuade the captain to go ashore, but he refused. Two foreigners residing on the island offered the crew some liquor that they had distilled and begged for tobacco and empty bottles. They reported that two captains had been murdered at Ngatik in recent years. [Eilers 1934: 327-330; Nautical Magazine, XIV (1845 ), 505-7]

Whaleship COURIER of NB, Capt Edward Harding, sighted Pingelap on Mar 4, and Mokil & Pohnpei on the two following days. [Harding 1842]

Whaling bark ELIZABETH of London, Capt Gowen, lying at Pohnpei on Apr 17. [Wilson 1843]

Whaleship GYPSY of London, Capt Gibson, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 17. Found three other ships lying at anchor and "upwards of 80 white men on the island." Natives came out and traded for tobacco. Because of fear of desertion by crew members "influenced by the temporary fascinations of women," the ship left soon afterwards, on Apr 19. Journal provides an excellent description of Pohnpei. It mentions "the dearth of refreshments" and lack of meat, popular articles of trade, prevalence of disease on the islands, and the majestic ruins of Madolenihmw. Also comments on the extensive traffic of young girls on visiting ships. [Wilson 1843]

Whaleship OFFLEY of London, Capt Lazenby, lying at Pohnpei on Apr 17. So many men deserted the ship on Pohnpei that it had not enough hands to get underweigh. [Wilson 1843]

Whaling bark REAPER of Salem, Capt Neal, lying at Pohnpei on Apr 17. [Wilson 1843]

English whaleship JAVA of St Johns lying at Pohnpei on June 22. [Baker 1842]

Whaleship LONDON PACKET of Fairhaven, Capt Moses Howland, lying at Pohnpei on June 22. Visited Ngatik on Sept 3. [Baker 1842]

Whaling bark FRANKLIN of NB, Capt William E. Butler, put in at Pohnpei on June 27. [Baker 1842]

Whaleship GIDEON HOWLAND of NB, Capt Michael Baker, visited Pohnpei on Aug 22. Took on water, wood & yams. Put in at Ngatik on Sept 3 to take on some hogs. [Baker 1842]

Whaleship JAVA of St. John, Capt Price, in at Pohnpei Aug 22. Sailed out of Pohnpei on Aug 29. [Levesque 1989:226]

Whaleship SHARON of Fairhaven, Capt Howes Norris, made Nukuoro on Dec 26. Several canoes with about 120 natives came out to the ship. From alongside of the ship in their canoes they traded coconuts, fishlines and small ropes. Although the captain ordered his men to arm themselves, the islanders proved to be "good-natured." [Norris 1845a; Norris 1845b]

Barkentine ROSA of Honolulu, Capt Joseph Metcalf, on a trading voyage, supposedly put in at Pohnpei for eight days. Michelena y Rojas claimed to have been aboard the ship and later wrote an account of the visit that was clearly plagiarized from other sources. [Riesenberg 1959: 238-64; Hambruch 1936: I, 119]

c1841 Whaleship ALERT of London, Capt Palmer, lying at Pohnpei. Went on a reef going into the harbor, but got off and with a damaged keel, made its way to Sydney. [Wilson 1843]

1842 Whaleship MAGNET of Warren, Capt Champlin, visited Pohnpei in Feb. The captain complained that a white beachcomber incited several of his crew to desert ship. This same man, with 400 armed natives, detained two of his boat crews until the deserters' clothes were put ashore. [Shineberg 1971: 160-1]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of Salem, Capt Hedge, put in at Pohnpei on May 12. A dozen canoes brought yams, fruit, coconuts. "Plenty of vegetation to be got here." Discharged six seamen on the island. Departed on May 15. [Hedge 1844]

Whaleship SHARON of Fairhaven, Capt Howes Norris. Oct 12: Ship stood off Mokil and traded for provisions. Oct 13: Anchored off Pohnpei. Bought hogs, yams, chickens, fish and "plenty of girls for tobacco." Several of the crew deserted there. May have taken on some native hands before leaving Pohnpei on Nov 4. Shortly afterwards Capt Norris was killed in an unsuccessful attempt by some native crew members to take the ship. [Norris 1845a; Ward 1967: VI, 141-3, 147-55]

Whaleship EDWARD CARY of Nantucket, Capt John Tobey, lying at Pohnpei on Oct 14. [Norris 1845a]

Whaleship WILMINGTON AND LIVERPOOL PACKET of NB, Capt Gilbert Place. Nov 26: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on wood & water before leaving Pohnpei on Dec 18. Dec 20: Made Ngatik where the ship lay off for a few days to trade. Left Dec 23. [Brush 1844; Shineberg 1971: 156]

Schooner THOMAS CRISP of London arrived at Pohnpei on Nov 27. [Brush1844; Norris 1845a]

Trading schooner BULL, Capt Andrew Cheyne, visited Pohnpei on Dec 12 to establish trade depot there. Ship left Dec 26, but Cheyne remained on the island for five months. Was given tract of land by Nanmwarki of Kitti to establish his enterprise. White residents harassed him during his stay. [Shineberg 1971: 156-65]

Unnamed Swedish brig arrived at Pohnpei on Dec 13. Left on Dec 18. [Brush 1844]

1843 Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of Nantucket, Capt Seth Nickerson, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 12. Left a few days afterwards, but returned on Mar 27, remaining until Apr 13. [Shineberg 1971: 203, 219-221]

Whaleship MARTHA of Newport, Capt Davenport, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 28. Sailed Apr 11. [Shineberg 1971: 212]

Schooner SHAW of Hawaii, Capt Edward du Pernet, on a cruise for shell. Put in at Pohnpei on Mar 5 and remained for three weeks. Sailed to Oroluk where the schooner was wrecked on a reef. The crew remained on Oroluk for over four months before they finally completed a boat and reached Guam after 11 days sailing. [Shineberg 1971: 212-3; Ward 1967: VI, 145-6; Cheyne 1852: 124]

Whaleship WILLIAM AND ELIZA of NB, Capt Samuel F. Rogers, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 17. Sailed off Apr 6. [Shineberg 1971: 216-7]

Whaleship EDWARD CARY of Nantucket, Capt John Tobey, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 20. Departed on Apr 16. [Haggerty 1844]

Whaleship OMEGA of Nantucket, Capt George Haggerty, visited Pohnpei Mar 20. Obtained yams, water & wood. Shipped five men after several hands deserted. Made sail on Apr 16 with a "stowaway kanaka" from Potomac on board. [Shineberg 1971: 217; Haggerty 1844]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of Salem, Capt Hedge, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 24. Took on wood, water & provisions. Left Pohnpei on Apr 22. [Shineberg 1971: 218; Hedge 1844]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Isaac B. Hussey. Mar 22: Lay off Pingelap. Saw armed natives on the beach, but none came off to the ship. Mar 23: Stood off Mokil while the captain went ashore to trade. Mar 24: Put in at Pohnpei. Found seven ships in port. Several more anchored in the following weeks. Many hands deserted on shore. The captain put in irons a beachcomber "suspected of enticing our men to run away." Put to sea on Apr 26. [Shineberg 1871: 218; Hedge 1844; Macy 1845]

Whaleship LEVI STARBUCK of Nantucket, Capt Joseph P. Nye, visited Pohnpei on Mar 27. Departed on Apr 16. [Shineberg 1971: 219; Macy 1845]

Whaleship MOUNT VERNON of Nantucket, Capt Lewis B. Imbert, visited Pohnpei on Mar 27. Departed on Apr 16. [Shineberg 1971: 219; Macy 1845]

Schooner WAVE, on a trading voyage to China, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 7, bringing trade goods to Cheyne. Left Apr 17 with Cheyne aboard. [Shineberg 1971: 219-22]

Whaling bark FORTUNE of Plymouth, Capt William H. Almy, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 10. Reported nine ships in the harbor at that time. Seven men deserted as the ship was preparing for sea. Departed on May 3 for Guam with only four men before the mast. [Shineberg 1971: 221; Almy 1844]

Whaleship LALLA ROOKH of NB, Capt Owen Raymond, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 12. Sent a boat ashore to take on water & wood. Put to sea on Apr 27. [Shineberg 1971: 221; Raymond 1844]

Whaleship JAVA of Fairhaven, Capt Lane, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 14, [Shineberg 1971: 221; Almy 1844]

Whaleship BALAENA of NB, Capt Richmond Manchester, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 30. Took on wood, bananas, yams & water. An account by the 3rd mate tells how a beachcomber short-changed the captain in trade, was chased by the ship's boat, and confined on board ship for a day. Some other interesting observations on white residents. Departed Pohnpei at the end of May. [Bobbins 1845; Bobbins 1863]

Whaleship GEORGE AND SUSAN of NB, Capt Howland, lying at Pohnpei on Apr 30. [Bobbins 1845]

Whaleship SUSAN of Nantucket, Capt Reuben Russell, anchored in Pohnpei on May 4. [Bobbins 1845]

Whaleship TUSCALOOSA of NB, Capt F. Taber, put in at Pohnpei on July 2. Three canoes came out with an American in each. Took on wood & water and entertained the "king" on board. Left Pohnpei on July 11. [De Wolf 1844]

British trading brig NAIAD, Capt Andrew Cheyne, visited Pohnpei on Oct 23 for six weeks. Set up beche-de-mer curing stations on the island, entrusting them to the care of 14 Palauans & 22 lascars that he brought to Pohnpei. Cheyne reports a plot of the natives to kill him. Left Pohnpei on Dec 14. Cheyne's journal recounts at length the misdeeds of foreign residence on Pohnpei. [Shineberg 1971: 284-93]

British whaleship ROSE of Halifax, Capt Wood, lay at Pohnpei in Nov. [Shineberg 1971: 290-1]

Whaleship HYDASPE of New Bedford, Capt F. Post, was at Pohnpei along with the Rose on Dec 30. Captains of both ships visited Nan Madol. [Levesque 1989:232]

Barque ROSE of Halifax, Capt T.F. Wood, in at Pohnpei. Two men deserted ship and could not be found, but they were replaced with three hands. [Levesque 1989:232]

1844 Whaleship WILLIAM PENN of Falmouth, Capt Lincoln, in at Pohnpei in Feb. Returned on Apr 3 and departed on Apr 28. [The Friend, X (June 18531, 46]

Whaleship WILLIAM & HENRY of Fairhaven, Capt Ithamar Benjamin, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 2. Four of the crew deserted there while the ship was reprovisioning. Left on Mar 19, shipping one man from the island. Stopped at "St Agustin's Is" (Ngatik) the following day and shipped another man aboard. [Benjamin 1844]

Whaleship JAMES STEWART of St John, Capt Jackson, carried a few beachcombers from Kosrae to Pohnpei in March. [Levesque 1989:228]

Ship ADDISON of NB, Capt Thomas West, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 13. [Benjamin 1844]

Whaleship CORTES of NB, Capt John W. Hammond, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 15. Visited by a "great many natives of both sexes." Three seamen deserted, but were caught again. Put to sea on Apr 3. [Hammond 1846]

Whaleship ROSALIE of Warren, Capt Mosher, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 17. Departed Pohnpei on Apr 3. [Benjamin 1844; Hammond 1846]

Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Reuben S. Sayer, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 26. Took on wood & water, but the crew was hampered by the natives who stole a water cask. Several "kanaka" crewmen deserted. Shipped five white men from the island before making sail on Apr 12. [Eldridge 1844]

Whaleship PHEBE of Nantucket, Capt Samuel W. Harris, anchored at Pohnpei on Mar 30. Took on wood, water & yams. Three men deserted there. Shipped one native of Sandwich Islands and one "colored man." Stood out to sea on Apr 18. [Harris 1847]

British bark EMMA of London put in at Pohnpei on Apr 5. [Eldridge 1844]

British trading brig NAIAD, Capt Andrew Cheyne, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 11. Cheyne found that his curing parties had done little during his absence. One crew member put off ship for stealing cloth. Took on three whites as passengers to China. Left Apr 22. [Shineberg 1971: 317-20]

Whaleship THREE BROTHERS of Nantucket, Capt Joseph Mitchell, in at Pohnpei in Apr. Left Pohnpei on Apr 18. [Harris 1847]

British trading brig NAIAD, Capt Andrew Cheyne, Nov 13: Put in at Ngatik. Found four Englishmen & 20 Pohnpeians living there. They raised pigs for sale to passing ships. Nov 14: Visited Pohnpei, remaining there for almost three months. Long description of Pohnpei -- its trade, influence, of foreigners, the outbreak of dysentery in 1843 and of influenza it 1845. [Cheyne 1852: 94-123; Harribruch 1936: I, 133-45]

Whaleship CASSANDER of Providence, Capt Dennis, put in at Pohnpei. A sailor (author of the journal) and black cook deserted, but were retrieved by the natives for a reward. [Warner 1876]

British warship HMS VESTAL, on a run from Port Jackson to Hongkong, put in at Ngatik on Dec 12. A few canoes approached, but only three natives came aboard. They had no trade items and they only seemed interested in being recruited. Ship left before sunset. [Eilers 1934: 325-6; Nautical Magazine, XIV (1845), 337-8]

1845 British warship HMS HAZARD, Cmdr F.P. Egerton, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 12. Sent an armed boat ashore to apprehend a beachcomber who had murdered another white. Took on fresh water for which one of the chiefs was paid 24 Ibs of tobacco. Two seamen tried to desert, but were recovered. Left Pohnpei on Dec 19. [Egerton 1846]

1846 Whaling bark NORTH AMERICA of New London, Capt Nathaniel Richards, passed Pohnpei on Feb 7. "A canoe came off and chased the ship all the forenoon," but the ship would not stop. [Smith 1847]

Whaleship CHANDLER PRICE of NS, Capt John H. Pease, put in at Ngatik on Feb 17. Purchased 20 hogs for tobacco & cloth. Learned from one of the whites the story of the massacre on Ngatik. [Ward 1967: V, 147-8; Stackpole 1953: 372]

Trading bark ZOTOFF of Salem, Capt Benjamin Wallis, on a beche-de-mer voyage, lay off Kapingamarangi in June for a day. [Wallis 1851: 197-8]

Whaleship YOUNG EAGLE of Edgartown, Capt Edward C. Austin, stood off Mokil on Aug 4. Visited Pohnpei on Aug 9, and stood out to sea on Sept 15. [Austin 1847]

1847 Trading bark ELEANOR of Hobart, Capt Edward Woodin, en route to China, visited Pohnpei on Jan 23. Left on Jan 27. [Woodin 1847]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Oliver C. Swain, in at Pohnpei on Feb 24. Left Pohnpei three weeks later. [Swain 1849]

Bark SAMOS of Salem, Capt Henry Archer, on a trading voyage. Apr 19: Sighted Pingelap. Apr 20: Anchored off Mokil. "Found natives very friendly & good natured." Apr 21: Anchored at Pohnpei in "weather harbour" and was visited by the chief of Madolenihmw. Remained one week. [Archer 1846]

Whaleship NILE of NB, Capt Hamlin, visited Pohnpei. Brought two white residents of Pohnpei to Mokil. [Ward 1967: IV. 613]

Whaleship ATHOL of St John, Capt J.D. Coffin, sighted Pohnpei Oct 20 but could not go ashore due to strong winds and currents. On Oct 22, canoes came out with a white man on each, probably deserters of ships. The whites did the trading. Natives were scantily dressed. [Levesque 1989:235]

1848 Whaling bark FORTUNE of NB, Capt E.H. Woodbridge, lay off Ngatik on Jan 21. Sent a boat ashore and took off 300 coconuts. [Woodbridge 1850]

Whaleship ADELINE of NB, Capt Jernegan, at anchor at Ngatik on Jan 21. [Woodbridge 1850]

Whaleship MINERVA of NB, Capt Jason Seabury, lying at Ngatik on Jan 21. [Woodbridge 1850]

Whaleship SPLENDID of Edgartown, Capt Gustavus A. Baylies, passed to the west of Pohnpei on Feb 21. Several canoes came out from "New Group Is" -- perhaps Pakin. [Baylies 1849]

Whaleship ELIZA ADAMS of Fairhaven, Capt Ephraim Harding, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 22. Sent a boat ashore to trade for pigs and left on Feb 24. [Harding 1849]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Oliver C. Swain, lying at Pohnpei on Feb 22,[Harding 1849; Ward 1967: VI, 156]

VISHNU, Capt Haberdier, touched at Pohnpei on Mar 11. [Ward 1967: VI, 156]

Whaleship REBECCA SIMS of NB, Capt Taber, was at anchor at Pohnpei in Mar. [Ward 1967: VI, 156]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of NB, Capt M. Baker, touched at Ngatik on Aug 9 and anchored at Pohnpei on Aug 13. Took on wood & water, and purchased yams & hogs. "Plenty of the fair sex on board in the evening." Left Aug 19. [Baker 1851; Bryant 1851]

Whaling bark MILWOOD of NB, Capt F.W. Deane, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Aug 19. [Bryant 1851]

Unnamed Dutch trading brig, on a beche-de-mer cruise, at anchor at Pohnpei on Aug 19. This vessel appears to have also been at Pohnpei in Feb 1849. [Bryant 1851; Baker 1851]

Whaleship BOY of Warren, Capt Obed Luce, in at Pohnpei in Aug. [Bryant 1851]

1849 Whaleship BOY of Warren, Capt Obed Luce, again at Pohnpei in Jan. Ship was undergoing repairs. [Ward 1967: VI, 158]

Whaleship PHOENIX of NB, Capt McCleave, in at Pohnpei in Jan. Left on Jan 27. [Ward 1967: VI, 1581]

Whaleship SCOTLAND of Nantucket, Capt Veranus Smith, touched at Pohnpei about Jan. [Ward 1967: VI, 158]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of NB, Capt M. Baker, put in again at Pohnpei on Jan 31. Took on water, wood &a yams. "All of us keep a wahina ashore." One hand deserted and a Rotuma islander was shipped for ten Ibs of tobacco a month. Got underway on Feb 20. Elizabeth returned to Pohnpei on Nov 28. Again took on wood, water & yams and purchased 20 hogs. Shipped a native and made sail on Dec 12. [Baker 1851; Bryant 1851]

Whaling bark LAGRANGE of Fairhaven, Capt Henry M. Dexter, in at Pohnpei on Feb 1. Left Feb 11. [Baker 1851]

Whaleship ROSCOE of NB, Capt McCleave, lying at Pohnpei on Feb 1. Left Feb 11. [Baker 1851]

Whaleship ROSALIE of Warren, Capt Mosher, in at Pohnpei on Feb 18. [Baker 1851]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Thomas J. Smith, touched at Mokil on Mar 31 and anchored off Pohnpei on Apr 1. Sent off 22 casks to be filled with water and took on yams. Made sail on Apr 26. [Jennings 1850; Smith 1851]

Whaleship ABIGAIL of NB, Capt George E. Young, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 3 after passing Mokil. Traded with natives. Sketch of Madolenihmw harbor included in log. Left Apr 22. [Jennings 1850]

Bark JOHN LAIRD of London, bound for China, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 3. Took on board a sick seaman who had been left by Pioneer a week before. Left Apr 22. [Hathaway 1851]

Whaling bark PIONEER of NB, Capt Richard W. Hathaway, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 15. Left a sick seaman ashore. [Hathaway 1851]

Whaling brig INGA of NB, Capt Barnes, left Pohnpei on Nov 17. The ship was later cut off at Nauru in 1852. [Wood 1873: II, 337]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of NB, Capt M. Baker, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 28. Left on Dec 12. [Baker 1851]

Whaling bark MILWOOD of NB, Capt F.W. Deane, lying at Pohnpei on Dec 12. [Baker 1851]

1850 Whaling bark AWASHONKS of Falmouth, Capt Smith, visited Pohnpei area. Jan 2: Stood off Mokil. "Few canoes came off; bought green turtles with tobacco." Jan 4: Put in at Pohnpei to take on water, wood & yams. [Smith 1852]

Whaleship COWPER of NB, Capt Cole, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 4. [Smith 1852]

Whaleship MOGUL of New London, Capt Huntley, lying at Pohnpei on Jan 4. [Smith 1852]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of Nantucket, Capt Seth Nickerson, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 3. Took on water & wood, and left on Feb 21. Two days later passed Ngatik where a boat came off. [Snow 1851]

Whaleship MENKAR of NB, Capt Thomas W. Norton, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 3. Took on water and left Feb 21. Touched at Ngatik on Feb 23. Sent a boat ashore and left the following day. [Norton 1851]

Whaleship BENJAMIN TUCKER of NB, Capt Daniel Wood, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 5. Took on supplies for several days. Left Pohnpei on Feb 21. On Feb 24 touched at Ngatik where the captain purchased 400 coconuts. [Chapel 1851; Norton 1851]

Whaleship HENRY KNEELAND of NB, Capt G.H. Clark, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 14. Four seamen deserted but were captured and put in irons. Another three successfully deserted, and so a native and two Portuguese from Pohnpei were shipped. Left Mar 16. [Clark 1851]

Whaling bark CAVALIER of Stpnington, Capt Thomas Dexter, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 19. A mutiny almost broke out on board when the crew was refused liberty during the last week of ship's stay. The ship signed on a white resident and two natives for the remaining voyage. Several of the crew attempted to desert. Left Pohnpei on Mar 5. Interesting details of life aboard ship and relationship with islanders. [Wilson 1850]

REGAL lying at anchor off Pohnpei on Feb 20. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship GENERAL SCOTT of NB left Pohnpei on Feb 21. [Snow 1851]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Thomas J. Smith, visited Mokil on Feb 26. Made Pohnpei on Mar 3, remaining for more than three weeks. Again stopped at Mokil on Apr 1 where they traded for turtles. [Smith 1852]

Whaleship ABIGAIL of NB, Capt George E. Young, passed close to Mokil on Feb 28. Canoe came off with a white man in it. [Jennings 1850]

Whaleship MARIA THERESA of NB, Capt Swift, came to anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 28, leaving there on Mar 16. On Mar 19, lay off Ngatik where native canoes came off. On Mar 23, returned to Pohnpei. Captured three seamen who had deserted previously. [Clark 1851; Swift 1851]

French whaleship TUSCANY lying at Pohnpei in Feb. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship GENERAL SCOTT of NB, Capt Fisher, in at Pohnpei in Feb. A riot broke out ashore between the crew of the General Scott and some natives. "Three or four on both sides were nearly killed." The reason for the disturbance is not given. Left Pohnpei on Mar 28. [Smith 1852; Norton 1851]

Whaling bark RAJAH of Westport, Capt West, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 6. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of NB, Capt M. Baker, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 8. Took on wood & water and sent a party ashore to trade for yams. While the men were asleep ashore, they were surrounded by armed natives and robbed of trade goods and personal possessions. The next day they conferred with the chief who helped them recover their jackets. On Mar 31, made Mokil and lay off for the next five days. Purchased "21 turtles, 400 heads of taro, 30 bunches of bananas & 2,000 coconuts, all for trade to the value of $40." Returned to Pohnpei on June 5. Took on water and shipped a Hawaiian, while several men tried to desert. Left Pohnpei on June 19. [Bryant 1851; Baker 1851; Ward 1967: IV, 613; VI, 159]

Whaling bark VENICE of New London, Capt Franklin B. Harris, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 13. Some men deserted but were caught and put in irons. Put a seaman ashore at his request and shipped another man in his place. Left Mar 25. [Harris 1851]

Whaleship MARENGO of NB, Capt Devoll, lying off Pohnpei on Mar 14. [Baker 1851]

Ship BADGER put in at Pohnpei on Mar 22. [Harris 1851]

Whaling bark COLUMBIA lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 27. [Baker 1851]

Whaleship LEVANT of Sag Harbor, Capt Lowen, lying at Pohnpei on Mar 27. [Baker 1851]

Whaleship ARMATA of New London, Capt C. Strong Holt, in at Mokil on Apr 5. [Bryant 1851]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of NB, Capt Joseph Chase. Apr 18: Lay off Pingelap where two canoes came out with fowl and coconuts. Apr 19: Stood in at Mokil and obtained 13 turtles. Apr 21: Anchored at Pohnpei. Left port on May 3 and spent the next several days cruising off Pohnpei searching for whales. [Chase 1851]

Whaleship ROMULUS of Mystic, Capt C. Hull, visited Pohnpei in the Spring. Found about 150 foreigners living there. "A Missionary would be well received and protected by the chiefs." [Ward 1967: I II, 578; The Friend, V III (Sept 1850), 68]

HABEORICOCK, Capt Calo,ft, put in at Pohnpei in July after visiting Kosrae. [The Friend, VIII (Sept 1850), 68]

Whaleship HYDASPE of NB,.Capt Joseph Tallman, visited Pohnpei on Oct 4 and then touched at Mokil. [Ward 1967: IV, 613; The Friend, X (Mar 1853), 18]

Whaleship BOWDITCH of Warren, Capt Nelson Waldron, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 29. Natives came out & traded. Learned that the "different tribes are at war with each other." Left Dec 19. [Newman 1852]

Whaling bark EMMA of NB, Capt Hussey, arrived at Pohnpei on Nov 30. Left Dec 17. [Newman 1852]

Ship CHARLES ROGERS of Brest, France, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 3. [Newman 1852]

Whaleship BARCLAY of Nantucket, Capt Eben Baker, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 8. Departed on Dec 24. [Newman 1852]

1851 Whaleship BOY of Warren, Capt Obed Luce, put in at Pingelap on Jan 23. Capt Luce and a boat crew of five landed despite warnings from two men living on the island not to go ashore. When another boat went ashore two days later to search for the captain, it was attacked by the natives. They escaped to the ship, but learned from the beachcomber that the captain and boat crew had been murdered the day before. Reason for the attack was purportedly retaliation against the captain for failing to pay natives for provisions he received a year before. [Ward 1967: V, 537; VI, 160, 166; Jones 1861: 155; Hammet 1854: 62-5]

Trading schooner ONECO of Boston, Capt Drew, touched at Pohnpei on Feb 16. Took aboard some of the crew members of the Boy and carried them away. [Ward 1967: V, 534, 540]

Whaleship MARY of NB, Capt Henry, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 23. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaling bark FELLOWES of Stonington, Capt Benjamin F. Pendleton, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 2. Canoes came alongside with a pilot aboard. Bought yams & provisions. Departed Pohnpei on Mar 14. [Pendleton 1853]

Whaleship FALCON of NB, Capt Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 10. Visited Mokil in Apr. Brought a white man & his family to Mokil to live. [Ward 1967: IV, 612-3; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship NEPTUNE of New London, Capt Allen, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 10. [Pendleton 1853]

Whaleship JOHN & ELIZABETH of New London, Capt Chappell, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 10. [Pendleton 1853; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship MERRIMACK of New London, Capt Wilson, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 9. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

British whaleship SUTTON of London, Capt McKenzie, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 9. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship BENJAMIN RUSH of Warren, Capt Swan, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 14. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

British whaleship RHONE of Sydney, Capt Dennis, put in at Pohnpei on May 8. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Trading bark ELEANOR of Hobart, Capt Edward Woodin, on a cruise for beche-de-merand sheII.Nov 1: Put in at Pohnpei.Tradedfor beche-de-mer and took on three whites as passengers for China. Nov 11: Made Mokil. Stood off and on while trading for coconut oil. Nov 13: Returned to Pohnpei. Lay off shore for a day before sailing for Chuuk. [Ward 1967: IV, 613-4; Woodin 1852]

Whaleship MOHAWK of Nantucket, Capt Oliver C. Swain, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 5. Took on wood & water. Three men deserted ashore. Ship left on Nov 21. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88; Swain 1854]

Whaleship WASHINGTON of NB, Capt Martin Palmer, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 9. Five men tried to desert, but were captured, put in irons and flogged. Made for sea on Dec 4. [Palmer 1853; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88 ]

Whaleship HIBERNIA of NB, Capt Archelaus Baker, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 7. Left Dec 1. [Baker 1852; Ward 1967: VI, 161; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship GEORGE AND MARY of New London, Capt Green, put in at Pohnpei on Nov 12. Several men deserted, but some were returned by the chief of Kitti and put in irons. The ship left seven men on Pohnpei. Made Ngatik on Dec 20, and stood off for a day. Boat was sent to the island and brought off hogs and coconuts. [Scovel 1852]

Whaleship HECTOR of NB, Capt Peter Smith, in at Pohnpei on Nov 20. [Ward 1967: VI, 162; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship HARVEST of NB, Capt Almy, visited Pohnpei area after stopping at Kosrae. Nov 30: Stood off Pingelap. Two boats went ashore, "but did not land as the natives seemed to be rather hostile." Nov 30: Made Mokil where the ship lay off and on for two days. Natives came off with coconuts and turtle. Captain went ashore to buy hogs and fowl. One officer deserted. Dec 4: Anchored at Pohnpei. Took on wood, water & yams. Left Dec 11. Dec 13: Stood off Ngatik. Bought hogs and left Dec 15 for the Mortlocks. [Almy 1854; Ward 1967: IV, 614; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship NEPTUNE of New London, Capt Allen, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship INEZ of New London, Capt Miller, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852 ), 88 ]

Whaleship SHEFFIELD of Cold Spring, Capt Royce, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaling bark. ROSCOE of NB, Capt Gorham, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 14. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship MIDAS of NB, Capt Edward Woodbridge, made an island on Dec 31 at 7° 30'N, 156° .42'E -- perhaps Pakin. Lay off & on while the boat went ashore to trade. Left one sick man ashore. [Starr 1855]

French naval corvette CAPRICIEUSE put in at Pohnpei. [Hambruch 1936: I,113; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 91-2]

1852 Whaleship WILLIAM HAMILTON of NB, Capt H. Shockley, put in at Ngatik on Jan 27. Sent a boat ashore to buy provisions. [Munger 1967: 50]

Whaleship ST GEORGE of NB, Capt W. Hawes, lay off Ngatik on Jan 27. Sent a boat ashore and took off six hogs and some coconuts. "Only a dozen families on the island." An eight-year old boy, the designate chief, came aboard ship. [Munger 1967: 50-1]

Whaleship JOHN AND ELIZABETH of New London, Capt Chappell, put in at Pohnpei in Jan. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Trading schooner ROYAL SOVEREIGN of Sydney, Capt Johnstone, on passage to China, put in at Pohnpei in Jan. [The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaling bark CANTON PACKET of NB, Capt Howland. Mar 17: Put in at Mokil. Boat went ashore, while trading was carried on aboard ship until evening. Mar 20: Anchored off Pohnpei. Took on wood & water. Three men deserted, one of whom was returned by natives the same day. Departed Pohnpei on Mar 31. [King 1853; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Whaleship JAMES ALLEN of NB, Capt A. Newcomb, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 23. [King 1853; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Schooner GLENCOE of SF, Capt Lamson, brought a white resident of Pohnpei to Mokil in Mar. [Ward 1967: IV, 614]

Whaleship NIMROD of Sag Harbor, Capt Green, in at Pohnpei on Sept 4. [Ward 1967; VI, 163]

Whaleship NOBLE of Sag Harbor, Capt Nicholl, at Pohnpei on Sept 4. [Ward 1967: VI, 163]

Schooner CAROLINE of Honolulu, Capt H.J. Holdsworth, visited Pohnpei on Sept 15. Brought the missionaries Doane & Sturges there to found the first Protestant mission. [Ward 1967: IV, 452, 478; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 83]

Trading bark SEA NYMPH from SF, Capt McKenzie, visited Mokil on Sept 20, and then Pohnpei to find beche-de-mer and tortoise shell. [Ward 1967: IV, 614; ABCFM 1852-1909: I, E.G. Clark to Anderson, 4 Nov 1852; The Friend, I X ( Dec 1852), 88]

Trading bark KOHINOOR OF SF, Capt Levine, visited Mokil and Pohnpei in late Sept for beche-de-mer and tortoise shell. [Ward 1967: IV, 613; The Friend, X (June 1853), 41; ABCFM 1852-1909: I, E.G. Clark to Anderson, 4 Nov 1852; The Friend, IX (Dec 1852), 88]

Trading bark ELEANOR of Hobart, Capt E. Woodin, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 3. Traded with natives for cowries & other things. Took on wood & water. Left for China on Oct 18. [Woodin 1852]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Benjamin F.Jones. Oct 8: Lay off Mokil for a day or two taking on provisions. Oct 11: Anchored at Pohnpei. Two men deserted, but a deserter from another ship was signed on. Left Pohnpei on Oct 24. [Thompson 1856]

Schooner EMILY FRANCIS in at Pohnpei on Oct 18. One man deserted ashore. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship MOHAWK of Nantucket, Capt Oliver C. Swain, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 19. Took on wood, water & yams. A seaman deserted. Stood to sea on Nov 2. [Swain 1854]

Swedish naval frigate EUGENIE, Capt C.S. Virgin,on,a scientific voyage of exploration. Nov 21: Stood off Mokil. Captain went ashore and found two Americans living there and selling provisions to passing ships. Their native wives wore cotton blouses and smoked clay pipes. Islanders were "very friendly and peaceful," but past warfare had reduced the population to 87. Tobacco and brandy were in use on the island. Nov 22: Stood off Pohnpei for a day or two. Traded with the natives who "preferred 'red money' (copper) to 'white money' (silver)." Officers met some chiefs to whom cigars were distributed. Both accounts give a lengthy description of features of the island, the appearance and dress of people, stone ruins, and prevalent diseases. The influence of white beachcombers and particulars on their trading arrangements with ships are also mentioned. [Anderson 1854: 283-91; Skogman 1856: II, 95-110; Eilers 1934: 364-5; Hambruch 1936: I. 146-8]

1853 Whaleship SPARTAN of Nantucket, Capt Joseph Wyer, in at Pohnpei on Jan 7. Discharged two men and shipped four. Departed on Jan 18. [Wyer 1853]

German ship HENATHEN of Bremen lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 7. [Wyer 1853]

Whaleship LILY of Greenport lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 7. [Wyer 1853]

Whaleship NORTH AMERICA of New London, Capt Mason, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 7. The ship stood off Mokil on Jan 16. [Hammet 1854: 66; Wyer 1853]

British warship HMS SERPENT, Cmdr L.U. Hammet, in search of stranded American sailors and information on ships that had been burnt by natives. Jan 14: Stopped at Pingelap for a day. 150 armed men & boys met them, but fled when they saw muskets. Traded with natives who "spoke broken English." Jan15: Put in at Mokil. Found two foreigners living there who had subdued the native population. Left Mokil the following day. [Hammet 1854: 65-6; Hammet 1853]

A whaleboat carrying the crew of Genii of Sydney arrived at Pohnpei in Jan. They had set out from Kosrae after abandoning their ship there, touching at Mokil & Ngatik on the way. At the latter island, their boat was stolen by the natives, compelling them to remain there for a time. There John Brown, formerly master of Genii, left the ship's company and set out with four hands from the wrecked Sarah Mooers to reach Pohnpei, but was killed by natives of an island "40 miles south of Bordelaise." [Ward 1967: IV, 362, 616; The Friend, XVII (Nov 1860), 82-4]

Whaling bark ROSCOE of NB, Capt Gorham, visited Pohnpei in Jan. Captain purchased grounds & building to set up temporary chapel for visiting seamen. Left Feb 5. [ABCFM 1852-1909: I, Gulick to Anderson, 4 Feb 1853; The Friend, X (July 18531, 53-5]

German whaleship AVERICK HEINEKEN of Bremen, bound for Hongkong, visited Pohnpei in Jan.[Ward 1967: IV, 616]

Whaleship INDIAN CHIEF of New London, Capt Gilbert W. Fish. Feb 3: Put in at Mokil for a day. White man came off island. Captain went ashore, bringing off turtles & coconuts. Feb 4: Visited Pohnpei. Took on wood & water and shipped three natives. Went to sea on Feb 29. [Fish 1855]

British bark SAMUEL EMSBY of London anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 20. [Fish 1855]

Whaling bark ITALY of Greenport,Capt Rowley, visited Pohnpei about Feb. Captain assisted in the purchase of grounds and buildings for seamen's chapel. [The Friend, X (July 1853), 53-5]

Whaleship COLUMBUS of New London, Capt F. B. Harris, visited Mokil on Mar 9 and Pohnpei the following day. Took on provisions and left Pohnpei on Mar 28. [Harris 1854]

British ship LADY MONTAGUE, Capt Andrew Cheyne, on a passage from Australia to Hongkong after delivering a cargo of convicts, touched at Pohnpei in Mar. [Shineberg 1971: 18; Cheyne 1855: 137]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Edwin P. Thompson. Apr 1: Put in at Mokil. Sent a boat ashore and bought "coconuts, fowl, pigs, turtles, etc." Apr 3: Put in at Pohnpei. "Sent a boat ashore in charge of the pilot for recruits." The cook was landed ashore with his luggage. Left Pohnpei on Apr 18. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship SUSAN of Nantucket, Capt Veranus Smith, put in at Mokil on Apr 1 and lay off for two days. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Joseph C. Chase, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 19. Left a week later. [Ray 1855]

Whaleship CLEORA of NB, Capt James L. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on July 19. Took on 75 bbls of yams & ten hogs. Made for sea on July 30. [Ward 1967: VI, 170; Smith 1855]

Whaleship WILLIAM HAMILTON of NB, Capt H. Shockley, in at Pohnpei on Aug 19. [ABCFM 1852-1909: I, Gulick to Anderson, July 1853]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Edwin P. Thompson, returned to Pohnpei area. Oct 15: Put in at Mokil. The ship lay off the island for two days, while the captain bought hogs. The steward deserted. Oct 18: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on water & provisions. Left two men ashore and shipped three from the island, including a Pohnpeian. Left Pohnpei on Nov 12. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship ROSCOE of NB, Capt William C. Hayden, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 22. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship ALABAMA of Nantucket, Capt Benjamin Coggeshall, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 27. [Thompson 1856]

Bark SARAH MOOERS of SF, Capt Joel Woodbury, struck a reef at Ngatik and was wrecked on Dec 4. Five of the ship's company started out in a boat for Pohnpei, but were carried by a strong wind and heavy sea to an island "40 miles south of Bordelaise (Oroluk)" where they were attacked by the natives and one of their number killed. They finally made Sydney in July 1856. The others remained on Ngatik until their rescue by the Delta in March and the Sea King in Apr 1854. The passengers & crew were treated kindly by the five or six natives who lived on Ngatik at this time. [Ward 1967: V, 149-51; The Friend, XVII ( Nov 1860), 82-3]

French naval corvette CONSTANTINE, Capt Tardy de Montraval, on a hydrographic expedition for the French Marine. Sighted Kapingamarangi on Dec 28. Saw no inhabitants, but charted the island. [Eilers 1934: 3; Annales Hydrographiques, X (1855), 169-70]

1854 Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Samuel B. Meader, but in at Pohnpei on Jan 1. Took on wood & water and bought pigs and yams. Shipped one man and departed on Jan 13. Returned to Pohnpei on Feb 22. Took on provisions, three men deserted. Mar 12: Lay off Ngatik. Traded with canoes. [Meader 1857]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt John W. Thompson, visited Pohnpei Mar 13. Left Pohnpei Mar 17. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Sturges to Clark, 2 Feb 1859]

Whaleship PHILIP DELANOYE of Fairhaven, Capt David Pierce, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 1. One man deserted. As the ship left Pohnpei on Jan 13, a native stowaway was found on board. [Meader 1857; Pierce 1855]

Whaleship COVINGTON of Warren, Capt Newman, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 11. Took on wood, water, hogs, yams & fowl. Departed on Jan 24. [Newman 1855; Howland 1856]

Unnamed German bark put in at Pohnpei on Jan 12. [Meader 1857]

Trading brig BETAH of Hobart, Capt E. Woodin, on a trading voyage to China, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 20. Took on wood & water. Left for China via Palau on Jan 27. [Woodin 1854]

Whaleship DANIEL WOOD of NB, Capt Joseph R. Tallman. Jan 21: Visited Mokil. Took off turtles, taro & coconuts. Jan 22: Put in at Pohnpei. Took off wood, water & provisions. Left Jan 31. [Howland 1856]

Whaleship PACIFIC of Fairhaven, Capt Pease. Jan 21: Visited Mokil for provisions. Jan 22: Anchored off Pohnpei. Took on more provisions. Left Jan 31. [Howland 1856]

Whaling bark ALICE FRAZER of NB, Capt Daniel H. Taber, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 25. Lost several men through desertion and left short-handed on Feb 8. [Howland 1856; Taber 1855]

Whaleship ALICE MANDELL of NB, Capt P.S. Wing, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 26. Departed on Feb 2. [Howland 1856; Taber 1855]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Edwin P. Thompson, visited Pohnpei area again. Feb 18: Lay off Mokil. Sent a boat ashore and brought off "coconuts, yarro, hogs, turtles, etc." Feb 19: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on wood, water & yams. Shipped two natives and left for Guam on Mar 5. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship ROSCOE of NB, Capt William C. Hayden, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 23. [Thompson 1856]

USS VINCENNES, Lt Henry Rolands, on a cruise with the US North Pacific Exploring Expedition. Put in at Pohnpei on Feb 23. The officers visited several whaling ships at anchor in Madolenihmw to obtain information on the island. Took on food & provisions. Left Pohnpei for Guam on Feb 24. A rather long description of the island: its physical features, wildlife, population, physical appearance of the people, diseases, and types of canoes. [Stuart 1854]

Whaleship RAMBLER of NB, Capt James M. Willis, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 23. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship MINERVA of NB, Capt Peter Pease, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 23. [Thompson 1856]

Whaling bark GEORGE of Stonington, Capt Stevens, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 24. [Stuart 1854] Whaleship NATHANIEL P. TALLMADGE of Cold Spring„ NY, Capt Edwards, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 24. [Stuart 1854]

Whaleship NATHANIEL S. PERKINS of New London, Capt Allyn, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 24. [Stuart 1854]

Whaleship SAMUEL ROBERTSON of Fairhaven, Capt Washburn, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 4. [Stuart 1854]

Whaleship DELTA of Greenport, NY, Capt Weeks. Feb 28: Put in at Pohnpei after smallpox had broken out aboard the ship. One seaman who had succumbed to the disease was buried ashore and two hands sick with the disease were landed. Soon after both of these men died. When some Pohnpeians took the clothes from the infected men, the disease spread throughout the island killing almost one half of the population. Mar 17: Put in at Ngatik. Picked up the captain and crew of the Sarah Mooers and carried them to Guam. [Ward 1967: V, 150-1; Stuart 1854; Hambruch 1936: I, 150, 172-3; Scherzer 1862: II, 554-6]

Whaleship THOMAS put in at Ngatik with Delta on Mar 17. Picked up captain and crew of Sarah Mooers, but left the passengers on the island. [Ward 1967: V, 150-1]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS Of NB, Capt J.E. Bennett, visited Pohnpei area after a stay at Kosrae. Mar 23: Stood off Mokil. Boat came off island with five natives and a white man. Ship obtained provisions. Mar 24: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on wood & water. Left Apr 7. [Bennett 1856]

Whaleship ALABAMA of Nantucket, Capt Benjamin Coggeshall, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 25. [Bennett 1856]

Whaling bark WINTHROP of Fairhaven, Capt W. Woodward, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 30. Left Apr 24. [ABCFM 1852-1909: A.A. Sturges to Anderson, 25 Apr 1854; Bennett 1856]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Joseph C. Chase, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 19. Took on wood & water. A good deal of trading took place. One crew member deserted. Ship left Apr 28. [Ray 1855]

Whaleship SEA KING put in at Ngatik on Apr 20. Picked up the passengers of Sarah Mooers, wrecked there on Dec 1853. [Ward 1967: V, 151]

Whaleship MARGARET SCOTT of NB, Capt B.C. Eldridge, touched at Pohnpei about June. Ship's crew contracted smallpox there and nine men were lost through this disease. [Ward 1967: V I, 171]

Whaleship MIANTONOMI of NB, Capt William W. Clement, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 16. While reprovisioning there, three crew members deserted. Two beachcombers and a native were signed on to replace them. Ship left Pohnpei on Oct 9, but was forced to return when several of the crew took sick with smallpox. In re-entering the harbor, the ship struck a reef. The wreck was plundered by runaway sailors during the night. The crew remained in Pohnpei until Jan 26, 1855, when they were carried away by the Unicorn. Ship's steward was murdered at the instigation of a white living ashore. [Ward 1967: VI, 172; Clement 1854]

Whaling bark ELLEN of Edgartown, Capt James E. Huxford. Nov 3: Put in at Mokil. Found two white men living on the island, one of whom "acts as chief and has considerable authority." Nov 4: Put in at Pohnpei. Four men deserted while ashore, but three were brought back in irons by the natives. Left Pohnpei on Nov 17. [Huxford 1856]

British steamer UNICORN of Sydney, Capt Gooch, bound for Shanghai, in at Pohnpei on Dec 23. Left Dec 26, taking off crew of the wrecked whaleship Miantonomi. [Ward 1967: VI, 172, 179; ABCFM 1852-1909: I, Gulick to Anderson, 25 Dec 1855]

Whaleship JIREH PERRY of NB, Capt George .Lawrence, in at Pohnpei towards the end of the year. [The Friend, XII (Feb 1855), 16]

1855 Whaleship CICERO of NB, Capt Forbes W. Manchester, raised Mokil on Jan 22. Lay off & on for the next three days while the ship took on coconuts, fowl & hogs. Anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 25. Laid in supply of water, wood & yams. A few men deserted. Ship left Pohnpei on Feb 8. [Manchester 1856; Howland 1856]

Whaleship MOREA of NB, Capt Thomas B. Peabody. Jan 23: Reached Mokil. Stood off for four days while taking on provisions. Jan 28: Put in at Pohnpei. Stowed on wood & water and departed on Feb 9. [Peabody 1857]

Whaleship DANIEL WOOD of NB, Capt Joseph R. Tallman. Jan 24: Stood off Mokil. Jan 25: Put in at Pohnpei and took on water & wood. Seven ships at anchor at the time. Put to sea on Feb 9. [Howland 1856; Peabody 1857]

Whaleship IRIS of NB, Capt Edward S. Devoll, lying at Pohnpei on Jan 26. [Howland 1856]

Whaleship METACOM of NB, Capt E.H. Woodbridge, at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 26. [Howland 1856; Peabody 1857]

Whaleship WILLIAM BADGER of NB, Capt Jason L. Braley, lying off Pohnpei on Jan 26. [Howland 1856]

Whaleship NATHANIEL S. PERKINS of New London, Capt Allyn, touched at Pohnpei in late Jan. [Peabody 1857]

Whaleship RAMBLER of Nantucket, Capt John Porter, touched at Pohnpei in late Jan. [Peabody 1857]

Whaleship SEINE of NB, Capt Ambrose S. Landra, touched at Pohnpei in late Jan. [Peabody 1857]

Whaleship RAINBOW of NB, .Capt H.M. Plasket, in at Pohnpei in late Jan. Sailed on Feb 15. [Ward 1967: VI, 177; Peabody 1857]

Whaling bark FAVORITE of Fairhaven, Capt Shubael S. Spooner. Feb 2: Lay off & on at Mokil trading for a day. Feb 3: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on wood & water. Three men deserted, but were caught and put in irons. Left Pohnpei on Feb 26. [Spooner 1857; Pomeroy 1857; Howland 1856]

Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Meader, stood off Ngatik on Feb 8. Sent a boat ashore which was "stove" on a reef, causing, the party to remain on shore overnight. Purchased fowl and coconuts. Saw the wreck of Sarah Mooers and took aboard a white man to be landed on Guam [Meader 1857]

Whaleship JIREH PERRYof NB, Capt George Lawrence, put in at Pohnpei in early Feb. Brought Rev Doane & wife to Pohnpei to begin missionary work. (ABCFM 1852-1909: I, Doane to Anderson, 22 Feb 1855; Peabody 1857]

Whaleship ADELINE GIBBS of Fairhaven, Capt G.P. Pomeroy, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 13. Five other ships at anchor at this time. Left Pohnpei on Mar 7. [Pomeroy 1857]

Whaleship CYRON (SYREN?) lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 13. [Pomeroy 1857]

Whaleship GEORGE of Fairhaven, Capt Marston, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 13. [Spooner 1857; Pomeroy 1857]

Whaleship YOUNG HECTOR of NB, Capt Peter G. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 20. Sailed for Guam the next day. Returned to Pohnpei on June 28. After taking on wood & water, got underway on July 8. [Smith 1857]

Whaleship TAHMIROO of Fairhaven, Capt George Neil, put in at Pohnpei in Feb. [Pomeroy 1857]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of NB, Capt J.E. Bennett. Mar 1: Put in at Mokil. Took on coconuts & turtle. Mar 2: Anchored at Pohnpei. Took on wood & water; traded for hogs & yams. Left Pohnpei on Mar 30. [Bennett 1856]

Whaleship ROSCOE II of NB, Capt Asa R. Gifford, in at Pohnpei on Mar 13. [Ward 1967: VI, 177]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt Willis Howes, made Pingelap on Mar 13. "Saw a number of natives on the beach but did not go ashore." On the next day sighted Mokil and sailed northwards. [Howes 1858]

Whaleship MARY FRAZIER of NB, Capt James S. Hazard. Mar 14: Stood off Mokil. Boat with a white man came out. Mar 15: Anchored at Pohnpei. Tried to raise the anchor from the wreck of the Miantonomi. Four men deserted, three of whom were caught. Left Pohnpei on Apr 10. [Hazard 1856]

Whaling bark HARMONY of New London at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 15. Left Apr 9. [Hazard 1856]

Whaleship MILTON of NB, Capt Benjamin F. Jones, lay off Mokil on Mar 18. Took on coconuts, taro & turtle. Put in at Pohnpei on Mar 22. Two seamen deserted, and two Pohnpeians were shipped in their place. Departed on Apr 6. [Thompson 1856]

Whaleship HOPE of NB, Capt Gifford, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 27. [Ward 1967: VI, 178]

Whaleship PHOENIX of Nantucket, Capt Israel Morey. Mar 30: Lay off Mokil. The chief, a white beachcomber and four natives came out to meet them. Apr 2: Anchored at Pohnpei. Made sail on Apr 9. [Hazard 1856; Cather 1857]

Whaleship MENKAR of NB, Capt Thomas W . Norton, lay off Pingelap on Apr 8. Sent a boat ashore, but the crew was afraid to land as "the natives look more like savages than any other kind of creature." [Cather 1857]

Whaleship ROMAN II of NB, Capt Seth M. Blackmer, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 10. All hands went ashore and met two missionaries. Took on coconuts & fruits. Stood for sea on Apr 16. [Cather 1857]

Whaleship SEA SHELL of Warren, Capt William Martin, put in at Pohnpei on May 4. "A white pilot boarded us and informed us that 42 ships had visited the island in the past season." Took on wood & water, and made sail on May 12. Contains some remarks on the ravages of the smallpox epidemic. [Wheldon 1856; Ward 1967: VI, 179]

Whaleship PERUVIAN of Nantucket, Capt Edward B. Hussey, visited Pohnpei area. July 14: Put in at Nukuoro. "Several canoes came off with fish, coconuts and small lines which they traded for iron hoop." Oct 8: Touched at Pingelap after three months at sea. Bought turtle, fowl, some coconuts for a few pieces of iron hoop. Oct 9: Anchored at Pohnpei. Porgy charges were imposed on the ship -- "$6.00 for each of the three principai chiefs." Captain visited Dr. Gulick, the missionary. Signed on three new hands, two of them Pohnpeians. Departed on Nov 10. This interesting log gives prices of produce, western goods & pilotage fees. [Hussey 1856]

Whaleship HOPE of NR Capt Gifford, again lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Oct 19. A native who was caught wearing a stolen shirt and reported to the chief was stoned and beaten at his orders. The man had to be brought back to the ship to have his wounds dressed. [Hussey 1856]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Charles Ray, stood off Mokil on Nov 25. Sent a boat ashore to pick up fruit - oranges and bananas. Left the next day. [Ray 1860]

Whaleship OROZIMBO of NB, Capt Lafeyette Rowley, in at Pohnpei in Nov. Left Dec 24, bringing Rev Doane & Sturges to Kosrae for mission meeting. Returned to Pohnpei on Jan 11, 1856, after laying off Pingelap for a day. [ABCFM 1852-1909: A.A. Sturges to Anderson, 14 Jan 1856]

c1855 British trading brig TWO BROTHERS of Sydney, on a cruise for sandalwood, put in at Pohnpei. Landed ten Loyalty Islands natives who were sold as slaves to people on Pohnpei. The four surviving islanders were taken off some three years later by China. [Turner 1861: 509; The Friend, XV I (Jan 1859), 2]

1856 Whaleship ATLANTIC of Fairhaven, Capt Zenas M. Coleman, visited Pohnpei area. Jan 4: Pingelap. Bought hogs, chickens & coconuts. Jan 6: Mokil. Bought hogs, fowl & taro. Jan 7: Pohnpei. Took on wood, water & yams. Left Pohnpei on Jan 21. [Coleman 1858]

French naval corvette NISUS, Capt Thierry, came up along Pohnpei on Jan 6. [Annales Hydrographiques, XVI (1859 ), 108]

Whaleship CAMBRIA of NB, Capt Pease, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. [Coleman 1858]

Whaleship GEORGE AND MARY of New London, Capt Walker, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. [Coleman 1858]

Whaling bark HARVEST of Fairhaven, Capt Obadiah B, Spencer, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. [Coleman 1858]

Whaleship JIREH SWIFT of NB, Capt William Earl, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. The ship landed a man on Pohnpei. Jan 19: Lay off Mokil and sent a boat ashore. Left the following day. [Coleman 1858; Earl 1856]

Whaling bark VENICE of New London, Capt Lester, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. [Coleman 1858]

Whaleship WILLIAM BADGER of NB, Capt Jason L. Braley, at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 8. Remained in port at least three more weeks. [Coleman 1858; Tripp 1858]

Whaleship LYDIA of Fairhaven, Capt John W. Leonard, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 28. Made for sea on Feb 11. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship CORINTHIAN of NB, CaptThomas N. Russell, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 29. Sailed on Feb 11. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship WAVERLY of NB, Capt Charles B. West, in at Pohnpei on Jan 29. Six seamen tried to desert there. Five were captured and put in irons; the other escaped. Departed Pohnpei on Mar 8. [Ward 1967: VI, 184; Tripp 1858]

Whaleship SOUTH BOSTON of Fairhaven, Capt William Peets, lay off & on Mokil on Feb 1. Captain went ashore, and took off five turtles, 500 coconuts & four hogs. On Feb 6, put in at Pohnpei. Departed on Feb 27. [Peets 1858]

Whaleship WASHINGTON of NB, Capt Richard Holley, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 7 after standing off Mokil for a day. Captain accidentally shot & killed a native while hunting. The man's brother demanded one musket in compensation. Left on Feb 21. [Holley 1857]

Whaleship SEINE of NB, Capt Ambrose S. Landra, put in at Pohnpei in early Feb. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship POCAHONTAS of Holmes' Hole, Mass, Capt Butler, arrived at Pohnpei in early Feb. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship YOUNG HECTOR of NB, Capt Peter G. Smith, touched at Pingelap & Mokil on Feb 18. Anchored at Pohnpei on the following day. Took on board wood, water & yams. Three men deserted as the ship was preparing to leave, taking a boat and some provisions. Shipped two natives from Wallis Island and put to sea on Mar 13. [Meader 1857; Smith 1857]

Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Meader. Feb 24: Lay in at Mokil. Went ashore and returned with "turtles, hogs, yarrow, fowl; bananas & coconuts." Feb 25: Anchored at Pohnpei. Took on wood, water & yams. Three seamen deserted with the ship's boat on Mar 8. A week later six more men deserted in another boat. The captain recovered one of the boats and shipped on six men living ashore. Left Pohnpei for Guam on Mar 18. [Meader 1857]

Whaling bark JANET of Westport, Mass, Capt Henry S. West, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 2. [Meader 1857; Smith 1857]

Whaleship KATHY MCLEIGH (?) lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Mar 8. Officer of ship deserted with three seamen. [Meader 1857]

Whaleship CHANDLER PRICE of NB, Capt John Curn, lay off & on Mokil on Mar 17, while trading with two white men from the island. Put in at Pohnpei on Mar 18. Ship lay off & on while the captain went ashore to see a doctor. Left Pohnpei on Mar 21. [Curn 1857]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Charles C. Ray, anchored at Pohnpei on Apr 19. Took on wood & water and departed on Apr 27. Returned to the area later in the year for provisions. On Nov 20, put in at Pingelap where a boat was sent in to trade for coconuts & fowl. On Nov 21, lay off Mokil where the ship procured hogs, turtles, fowl & bananas. On Dec 7, lay off & on Ngatik taking on hogs & fowl. [Ray 1860]

Whaleship OCEAN ROVER of Nantucket, Capt Charles A. Veeder, touched at Pingelap on Nov 24. Stood off for two days but "obtained little or nothing from the island." On Dec 1, put in at Mokil. Purchased 4,000 coconut, ten hogs, 48 chickens. [Chase 1859]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Joseph B. Chase. Nov 25: Made, Pingelap. Traded for coconuts & fowl. Shipped one native aboard. Dec 1: Lay off Mokil. Captain went ashore to trade. Bought hogs, fowl and taro. Left Dec 3 for Mortlocks. [Chase 1859]

Whaling bark ROSCOE of NB, Capt Alfred M. Coffin, put in at Pohnpei in Nov. [ABCFM 1852-1909: I, L.H.Gulick to Anderson, 11 Nov 1856]

Whaleship NORTHERN LIGHT of Fairhaven, Capt E.A. Chapel, in at Pohnpei on Dec 17. Landed the Nahnken of Kitti and his two younger brothers. Left for the Bonin Islands in late Dec. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Sturges to Clark, 27 July 1856]

1857 Whaleship CORINTHIAN of NB, Capt Thomas N. Russell, put in at Mokil on Jan 28. The captain went ashore and returned with a hog, fowl, coconuts & taro. On Jan 30, anchored at Pohnpei. Took on wood, water & some provisions. A sick seaman was discharged ashore. Departed Pohnpei on Feb 19. [Tripp 1858]

German ship REPUBLIC of Bremen lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 30. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship CORAL of NB, Capt Charles L. Manchester, in at Pohnpei in Jan. Departed on Feb 1. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Sturges to Clark, 2 Feb 1857 ]

Whaleship CALIFORNIA of NB, Capt W.B. Manchester, in at Pohnpei in Jan. Made sail on Feb 3. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Sturges to Clark, 2 Feb 1857]

Whaleship JOSEPHINE of NB, Capt James R. Allen, lay off Pingelap on Feb 20 and stood off Mokil the following day. [Allen 1859]

Whaleship NEWARK of NB, Capt James L. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on July 1. Sailed on July 22. [The Friend, XV (Mar 1858), 19]

Whaling bark WINTHROP of Fairhaven, Capt Issacher H. Akin, put in at Pohnpei on July 5. Made sail on July 26. [Ward 1967: VI, 185; The Friend, XV (Mar 1858), 19]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt S.G. Moore, on its 1st voyage to Micronesia. Sept 23: Put in at Mokil. Purchased 500 Ibs of turtle meat, while another 500 Ibs was given as a present for Pohnpeian mission. Population of the island was 100. Natives were "a fine healthy people, their houses well-built, clean & comfortable." All the natives who came off the island wore pants. Some coconut oil manufactured on Mokil. Sept 30: Anchored at Pohnpei. Visited the harbors of Sokehs, Kitti, & Madolenihmw. Left Pohnpei on Oct 17. Oct 20: Lay off Pingelap. Canoe loaded with bananas & coconuts came off along with seven men. "Natives chanted and struck their breast as they approached, finally embracing us and rubbing noses with us." Brief description of their dress given. The chief spoke pidgin English asking for " hatchet, tobacco, file" in exchange for provisions. He also requested a missionary to live on the island. [Moore 1858: 453-7; Eilers 1934: 414]

Whaling bark ROSE POOL of Edgartown, Capt Alexander P. Fisher, anchored at Pohnpei on Oct 20. Two seamen deserted. Took on water & provisions, shipped a seaman living ashore, and stood out to sea on Nov 7. [Fisher 1860]

Whaling bark VINEYARD of Edgartown, Capt Caswell, in at Pohnpei about Nov. A black seaman named "John," who had killed the notorious beachcomber Johnson while ashore on leave, deserted. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, A.A. Sturges to Anderson, "Extracts from Kitti Journal 1858"; HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Clark, 21 Dec 1858]

1858 Whaling bark PRUDENT of Greenport, NY, Capt James A. Hamilton. Jan 5: Mokil. Bought coconuts & turtles. Jan 9: Pohnpei. Took on wood & water. Also touched at Ant Island before leaving on Jan 25. [Hamilton 1859]

Whaleship CICERO of NB, Capt Charles Courtney, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 18. Discharged the cook because of illness. Left Pohnpei for Guam on Mar 2. [Courtney 1860]

Whaleship SOUTH SEAMAN of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas A. Norton, in at Pohnpei in Feb. Made sail on Feb 24. [Courtney 1860]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt John W. Thompson, put in at Pohnpei in Feb. Ship took off four Loyalty Islanders who had been brought to Pohnpei some years before by a Sydney sandalwood trader and sold into slavery. Six others had died on the island. [Turner 1861: 509-10; The Friend, XVI (Jan 1859), 2; The Friend, XV (Dec 1858), 95]

Whaleship CHARLES W MORGAN of NB, CaptThomas N. Fisher, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 24. [Ward 1967: VI, 186; Courtney 1860]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Charles C. Ray. June 4: Put in at Pingelap. A boat went ashore to trade and got some fowl. June 5: Lay off & on Mokil. The captain went ashore and obtained some ducks, fowl, coconuts & hogs. [Ray 1860]

Belgian ship CONSTANCE of Antwerp, Capt Utenhaven, was wrecked on Oroluk on July 12. On next day the crew put out in two long boats for the Philippines. They finally reached New Guinea on Sept 21 after being forced to kill & eat two of their number. [Ward 1967: II, 93; Seymour 1862]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt John W. Brown, on its 2nd annual visit, put in at Pohnpei on Aug 18. Picked up missionaries to take them to a meeting on Kosrae. Returned to Pohnpei, after touching at Mokil & Pingelap, on Sept 18. Departed Oct 6. [Ward 1967: IV, 372-4; The Friend, XV (Feb 1859), 13-4; Nautical Magazine, XXVIII (June 1859), 281-7]

Austrian naval frigate NOVARA, Commodore B. von Wullergtorf-Urbair, on a naval expedition around the world, visited Pohnpei on Sept 16. The officers spent a few hours ashore visiting Nanmadohl and the white settlement there. Learned that 50-60 whaleships touched at Pohnpei each year. Gives a laudatory report on missionary efforts in Pohnpei. The account includes much of ethnographic interest: description of houses, food preparation, dress & tattooing, disease, trading practices, titles & rank, religious beliefs & values, and marriage & funeral customs. [Hambruch 1936: I, 148-68]

Whaleship HOPE of NB, Capt Leonard S. Gifford, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 2. Left on Oct 5. [The Friend, XVI (Feb 1859),12, 16]

Unnamed mershant ship, bound from Manila to Sydney, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 20. Remained at anchor for a month. "Very religious ship." [HMCS 1853-1947: Kaaikaula to Clark, 24 Nov 1858; The Friend, XVI (Feb 1859), 12]

Whaleship YOUNG HECTOR of NB, Capt Charles H. Hager, in at Pohnpei on Dec 4. Traded there before departing on Dec 15. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E. P. Roberts; Hager 1861 ]

Whaling bark WARREN of NB, Capt Miller, in at Pohnpei on Dec 22, Remained at anchor for two or three weeks..[Robert3 1857-1865: Journal of E.P.Roberts; Borden 1860]

Whaling bark WAVELET of NB, Capt George Swain, touched at Pohnpei during the year. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L.H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Whaleship EMPIRE of NB, Capt Stephen G. Russell, touched at Pohnpei. [ABCFM 1852- 1909: III L. H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Whaleship CAROLINE of NB, Capt George W. Gifford, touched at Pohnpei during the year. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Whaleship MINERVA of NB, Capt Crowell, touched at Pohnpei during the year. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L. H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Whaleship SARAH of Mattapoisett, Capt Stephen Swift, touched at Pohnpei. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L. H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Brig HAWAII of Honolulu, Capt Schimmelfenning, touched at Pohnpei during the year. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L.H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

Schooner KAUAI of Honolulu, Capt Mammen, touched at Pohnpei at the end of the year. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, L.H. Gulick to friends, Aug 1859]

1859 Whaleship SILVER CLOUD of NB, Capt Edward Coggeshall. Jan 1: Made Mokil where the ship lay off & on for three days taking on provisions. Jan 4: Anchored at Pohnpei. Put to sea again on Jan 21. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Borden 1860]

Whaleship THOMAS DICKASON of NB, Capt Henry D. Plaskett. Jan 1: Lay off & on Mokil in company with the Silver Cloud. Jan 4: Put in at Pohnpei. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Borden 1860]

Whaleship GIDEON HOWLAND of NB, Capt James M. Williams, visited Pohnpei area. Jan 7: Pingelap. "Laying off & on trading with natives." Jan 9: Mokil. Traded for pigs & fowl. Jan 10: Pohnpei. Lay off & on for one day while captain went ashore. Made sail on Jan 11. [Williams 1860; Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Borden 1860]

Whaling bark TEMPEST of New London, Capt Gordon Allyn, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 10. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship BOWDITCH of Warren, Capt Martin, lay off & on Pohnpei on Jan 10. [Borden 1860]

Whaleship JIREH PERRY of NB, Capt George H. Cannon, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 20. Two natives stowed away on the ship; one of them died on board a few months after leaving Pohnpei. Made sail on Feb 7. [Courtney 1860; Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; The Friend, XVI (Nov 1859), 87-8]

Whaling bark MIDAS of N5 Capt Joseph Tallman, put in at Mokil on Jan 27. Natives came on board and traded. Made sail on Jan 29. [Bryant 1860; Tuttle 1860]

Whaleship NORTHERN LIGHT of Fairhaven, Capt E.A. Chapel, in at Pohnpei in Jan. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Sturges to Clark, 2 Feb 1859]

Whaling bark TYBEE of Stonington, Capt Freeman, in at Pohnpei about Jan. [The Friend, XVI (Nov 1859), 85]

Whaleship CICERO of NB, Capt Charles Courtney, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 1 for the 2nd time on its voyage. Took on wood & water, and traded for yams, bananas, fowl & hogs. Left Feb 14 for Guam. [Courtney 1860]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt John W. Thompson, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 1. [HMCS 1853-1947: A.A. Struges to Clark, 2 Feb 1859]

Whaling bark AMAZON of Fairhaven, Capt Robert Eldridge. Feb 8: Lay off Mokil where the captain landed to get some turtle. Feb 10: Anchored off Pohnpei. Took on wood & water there. Two Hawaiian crew members deserted by swimming ashore, but were caught and put in irons. Made for sea on Feb 20. [Eldridge 1860]

Whaleship MARY of Edgartown, Capt Jenks, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 11. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Courtney 1860]

Schooner PFEIL of Hawaii, Capt F.W. Danelsberg, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 19 after nearly being wrecked at Ebon. Left on Mar 10 for Guam. Upon its arrival there, the schooner was condemmed and sold. [Ward 1967: II, 244]

Whaling bark BELLE of Fairhaven, Capt Roswell Brown. Feb 20: Lay off Pingelap. Sent two boats ashore to trade, but no islanders appeared. Feb 21: Lay off Pohnpei. The captain went ashore for brief visit and the ship made sail on the following day. [Brown 1862]

Whaling bark SEA SHELL of Warren, Capt Paul Ware, put in at Pohnpei on Feb. 25. Took on-wood & water and left on Mar 16. Returned to Pohnpei on Aug 30. Two native seamen deserted. Ship left Pohnpei on Sept 11, touching at Mokil the next day to obtain turtles. [Ware 1860a; Ware 1860b]

Whaleship WAVERLY of NB at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 26. [Ware 1860b]

Russian vessel TURK, Capt Solderblom, put in at Pohnpei about Feb. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaling bark FRANCIS HENRIETTA of NB, Capt F.D. Drew, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 1. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Ware1860b]

Whaling bark ENDEAVOUR Of NB, Capt Richard C. Wilson, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 30. Captain went ashore. [Bleaderheiser 1860]

Whaling bark WAVELET of NB, Capt George Swain, put in at Pohnpei in Mar. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship HOPE of NB, Capt Leonard S. Gifford, was 40 miles east of Pohnpei on Oct 4. May have touched at Pohnpei or Pingelap. [Ward 1967: IV, 385]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt John Brown on its 3rd voyage, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 4. Visited Rohn Kitti and Madolenihmw. Sailed far Kosrae on Oct 22, carrying Dr Gulick & family to Gilberts. [Missionary Herald, LVI (1860), 289; The Friend, XVII (Feb 1860), 12-3]

Trading brig PROGRESSIVE AGE, bound from Shanghai to Sydney, lying off Pohnpei on Oct 11. [The Friend, XVII (Feb 18601, 16]

Unnamed steamer from Sydney, bound for Hongkong, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 30. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship YOUNG HECTOR of NB, Capt Charles Hager, again put in at Pohnpei on Nov 9 after lying off Pingelap & Mokil on the two preceding days. "Anchored at Panian because he wished to be out of line with the missions." Took on wood & water and made sail an Nov 24. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Hager 1861]

Whaleship FLORIDA of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas W. Williams. Nov 27: Put in at Mokil. Met the island "chief," a white who had resided therefor five years. Took aboard 4,000 gal of coconut ail for shipment to New Zealand. The log gives comments on native clothes, houses & food production. Dec 1: Put in at Pohnpei. The captain met Rev Sturges & family. Later sold liquor to the natives of Kitti. Left on Dec 11 far New Zealand. [Williams 1861; Williams 1864: 98-103; Missionary Herald, LVI (Oct 1860), 290]

Whaleship GENERAL SCOTT of Fairhaven, Capt James R. Huntting, in at Pohnpei on Dec 2. Three seamen tried to desert, but all were caught. Made sail on Dec 21. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Huntting 1862]

Whaleship VESPER of New London, Capt George Bailey, in at Pohnpei on Dec 17. Spent several weeks there sounding the harbors. Left at the end of Jan. [Roberts 1857- 1865: Journal of Myra Roberts, entry of 18 Jan 1860]

Whaleship GENERAL WILLIAMS of New London, Capt S.W. Fisk, at Pohnpei about Dec. One crew member and a mate were drowned when boat was upset. [Ward 1967: VI, 187]

1860 Whaleship CHANDLER PRICE of NB,Capt Crayton P. Holcomb, stood off Pingelap on Jan 1 and Mokil on Jan 2. Put in at Pohnpei on Jan 4. Made for sea on Jan 17. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship MONTREAL of NB, Capt Nathaniel W. Soule, stood off Pingelap on Jan 6. A canoe with five islanders came off, bringing two turtles and other goods. [Soule 1862]

Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Calvin Manchester, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 11. Two men deserted while ship was taking on wood & water. Made sail on Jan 31. [Manchester 1861]

Whaleship LANCASTER of NB, Capt Thomas N. Russell. Jan 18: Stood off Mokil while trading for provisions. Jan 28: Put in at Pohnpei. Obtained hogs, fowl, yams, coconuts & wood. "But the natives are great thieves; they steal anything they can lay their hands on and even cut the running riggings from the pins." Left Pohnpei on Jan 30. [Russell 1861; Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship SOUTH BOSTON of Fairhaven, Capt Edward F. Randolph, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 22. Left for Saipan on Feb 2. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of Myra Roberts]

Whaleship GEORGE AND SUSAN of NB, Capt Robert Jones. Jan 23: Stood off Kapingamarangii Feb 6: Made Oroluk which it called "Wisart Reef." Sighted a wreck them. [R. Jones 1861]

Whaleship OMEGA of Fairhaven, Capt Jonathan Whalon, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 28. Left Feb 8 for Saipan. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Unnamed Russian vessel put in at Pohnpei on Jan 29. Left on Feb 4. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship CAROLINA of NB, Capt Harding, visited Mokil on Feb 2 and put in at Pohnpei on Feb 3. [Roberts 1857-1 c 65: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship FLORENCE, Capt Spence, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 2. Left Feb 12, touching at Mokil on the way. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship GIDEON HOWLAND of NB, Capt James M. Williams, visited Pohnpei area again. Feb 3: Pingelap. Sent three boats in to trade. Feb 4: Mokil. Traded and secured wood ec turtle. Another ship also in at the time. Set sail Feb 7. [Williams 1860]

Whaling bark FRANCIS HENRIETTA of NB, Capt F.D. Drew, in at Pohnpei again on Feb 10. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship OREGON of Fairhaven, Capt Charles Tobey, in at Mokil on Feb 17 to trade for fresh provisions. [Tobey 1861]

Whaling bark BELLE of Fairhaven, Capt Roswell Brown, lay off Pingelap on Feb 17. A boat came off but the ship sailed on without stopping. [Brown 1862]

Whaleship MARIA THERESA of NB, Capt Henry J. Coop. Feb 18: Pingelap. Sent a boat ashore, but did not like the looks of the natives and did not land. Canoes came out, but the captain kept them away from the boat. Feb 18: Mokil. Sent a boat ashore and took off coconuts, turtle & fish. Feb 20: Pohnpei. Two canoes came off, but the ship did not anchor there. Evidently shipped a Pohnpeian hand who drowned some months later. [Coop 1860]

Whaleship RAPID of NB, Capt David P. West, at anchor in Pohnpei on Feb 20. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; Coop 1860]

Whaleship FLORIDA of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas W. Williams. Feb 25: Put in at Pingelap. Landed with some apprehension due to the reputation of the natives for attacking ships. Crew were well received, however, and took aboard provisions. Feb 26: Anchored off Mokil. Exchanged presents with the natives who were most eager to receive tobacco. A white resident there forbade the captain to put Mr Higgins ashore. Made for Guam the next day. [Williams 1964: 115-8]

Whaleship JOSEPHINE of NB, Capt James L. Chapmari, put in at Mokil on Feb 25. Took on coconuts & turtle, and sent a boat ashore for some women. Ship lay off the island for several days, departing for Guam on Mar 3. [Lepetett 1862; Williams 1964: 116-8]

Trading brig KOHOLA, Capt Corsen, in at Pohnpei on Mar 9. Traded in coconut oil. Left Pohnpei on Mar 27: [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship MAGNOLIA of NB, Capt Severino Pierce, in at Pohnpei on Mar 9. Left a sick seaman ashore and departed on Apr 3. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts; The Friend, XVII (Aug 18601, 61]

Unnamed brig, a merchantman from Sydney, carrying load of coal to Shanghai, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 24. Left on Apr 3. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Unnamed schooner, under the command of Capt Newell, supposedly employed in surveying islands for US. Apparently went aground at Pohnpei in Apr. Captain was still living there a year later. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of Myra Roberts]

Whaleship MOCTEZUMA of NB, Capt Joseph Tinker, visited Pohnpei on Apr 18. Three natives from Ebon who had been "kidnapped" from that island deserted on Pohnpei. Some natives of Rarotonga were signed on for the season. Ship made sail on May 7. [The Friend, XVII (N:ov 1860), 83-4; Tinker 1861]

Whaling bark HELEN SNOW of NB, Capt Ebenezer F. Nye, put in at Mokil about May. Took three Women, a man, and a child off and brought them to Bonin Is. [Cholmondeley 1915: 114]

Whaleship CAMBRIA of NB, Capt Henry Pease, in at Pohnpei on June 28. Picked up a deserter 25 miles off Pohnpei -- the only survivor of a boat with five men, all formerly of Isabella. [Ward 1967: VI, 187]

PER NAIAD (?) in at Pohnpei on June 28. [Ward 1967: VI, 187]

Whaling bark ISABELLA of NB, Capt Moses G. Tucker, was off Pohnpei in June and perhaps touched there. Five men deserted in a boat, only one of whom survived. [Ward.1967: VI, 187]

Whaleship GENERAL WILLIAMS of New London, Capt S.W. Fisk, returned to Pohnpei in June. [Ward 1967: VI, 187]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, on its 4th missionary cruise, put in at Pohnpei on July 20. The yearly mission meeting was held there. Left Pohnpei for return voyage on Aug 6. [The Friend, XVII (Nov 1860), 83]

1861 Whaleship MONTREAL of NB, Capt Nathaniel W. Soule. Feb 5: Put in at Pingelap where the captain went ashore to trade for provisions. Feb 6: Stood off Mokil. Captain went ashore to buy hogs, coconuts, etc. Feb 7: Lay off Pohnpei. Two canoes came off but did not trade. Ship made for sea on Feb 8. May have returned to Pohnpei again in Mar. [Soule 1862; The Friend, XVIII (Sept 1861), 48]

Whaleshrip HARRISON of NB, Capt John Dennis, in at Pohnpei on Feb 7. Left for Japan in Mar. [HMCS 1853-1947: letter of E. Roberts, 18 Mar 1861]

Whaleship MAGNOLIA of NB, Capt Severino D. Pierce, in at Pohnpei on Feb 7. [Ward 1967: IV, 396; Manchester 1861]

Whaleship ROBERT EDWARDS of NB, Capt Jarvis Wood, in at Pohnpei on Feb 11. [ABC FM 1852-1909: III, Roberts to Anderson, 6 Sept 1860]

Whaleship MOHAWK of Nantucket, Capt George H. Swain, touched at Ngatik on Mar 1. Anchored at Pohnpei on Mar 5 and remained there for two weeks. Returned to Pohnpei on Sept 13. Remained there for a month while taking on wood and water. Set out to sea on Oct 12. [Swain 1863]

Whaling bark GRATITUDE of NB, Capt William Davis, in at Pohnpei area. Mar 4: Stood off Pingelap where they met ship Hero and "found there was nothing to be had at the island." Mar 5: Stood off Mokil. Boat came off with white man & natives. Went ashore and traded for hogs, turtles & coconuts. Left Mar 6. [Davis 1862; The Friend, XVIII (Sept 1861), 48]

Whaling brig HERO of Oahu, Capt Myers, standing in at Pingelap on Mar 4. [Davis 1862; The Friend, XVIII (Sept 1861), 48]

Unnamed ship, commanded by Capt Carsons, in at Pohnpei on Mar 18. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Clark, 9 Aug 1860]

British bark NORNA, Capt Wilson, bound from Sydney to Hongkong with a load of coal, was wrecked at Oroluk on Mar 31. Captain and nine others made Guam in an open boat on Apr 24. Another group left Oroluk on Aug 19 in an open boat and reached Chuuk where they were held by the natives for some months until their rescue by the HMS Sphinx. [Ward 1967: V, 343; Seymour 1862; Brown 1862b: End #5, Account of R.N. Tweddle]

Trading brig KOHOLA of Hawaii, Capt Corsen, in at Pohnpei in Apr. [Ward 1967: IV, 396]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, tin its 5th voyage to Micronesia, put in at Pohnpei on June 23. Departed for Honolulu on July 4 with Rev Roberts and family, Rev Sturges and daughter, and Carol Corgat as passengers. [The Friend, XVIII (Sept 18611, 48; Ward 1967: IV, 401; ABCFM 1852-1909: III, Gelett's Report of the MS, 14 Aug 1861]

British dispatch boat HMS PIONEER, Cmdr Reilly, sent from Hongkong to Oroluk to pick up survivors of Norna shipwreck. At its arrival in Sept, found all men had left Oroluk. [Seymour 1911: 102-3; Seymour 1862]

Whaling brig ALPHA of Nantucket, Capt William H. Coswell, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 23. Took on wood and water and traded for pigs, yams, and coconuts. One man deserted but was returned by the chief. Left on Oct 13. [Coswell 1856]

Whaleship FLORIDA of NB, Capt Cuddington P. Fish. Jan 5: Stood off Mokil while a boat went ashore to trade. Jan 6: Put in at Pohnpei. Left with one passenger for Guam on Jan 19. [Cuddington 1863]

Schooner LIHOLIHO of Hawaii, Capt Bush, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 18. It carried Rev Doane for Ebon. Left Pohnpei on Dec 31 for Oroluk where the ship was to salvage wrecks from the reef. Capt Bush left on Oroluk a letter that was found two years later. [James 1864: 433; Missionary Herald, LX (April 1863), 111-2]

1862 Whaling bark ISABELLA of NB, Capt Moses G. Tucker, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 22. Traded and took on wood a water. Discharged a crewman and looked for more recruits. Made sail on Jan 26. [Tucker 1863]

Whaleship MARENGO of NB, Capt Henry Eldridge, visited Pohnpei area. Feb 3: Stood off Mokil. Boat came off the island. "Traded for pigs, one turtle, coconuts, fowl, ducks, etc." Feb 4: Anchored at Pohnpei and took on more provisions. Lost three men through desertion, but recruited three new hands. Departed on Feb 20. [Eldridge 1862]

Whaling bark JOHN P. WEST of NB, Capt Daniel Tinker. Mar 19: Put in at Pingelap. Went ashore and obtained fowl & coconuts, "but no women were seen." Mar 20: Lay off Mokil. A boat with a white man and several natives came off. Obtained one dozen ducks, ten dozen fowl, 2,000 coconuts, ten bbls taro, 14 bunches of bananas, two hogs & some mummy apples. Also bought 16 bbls of coconut oil at $10/bbl in trade. [Tinker 1863]

Whaleship THOMAS DICKASON of NB, Capt James Stewart, anchored at Pohnpei on Mar 20. Took on wood & water. Some men tried to desert, but were brought back to ship by natives. Made sail on Apr 5. [Stewart 1865]

Brig WAIALUA of Honolulu, Capt Lass, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 2. [Stewart 1865]

Whaling brig ALPHA of Nantucket, Capt William H. Coswell. Apr 8: Lay off Mokil, Captain went ashore to trade for turtle, breadfruit, and yams. Apr 10: Visited Pohnpei. Shipped on two men and discharged the pilot. Traded for pigs and yams. Left on Apr 26. Returned to Pohnpei on Sept 11. Took aboard water, wood, and food. Two hands deserted. Oct 4: Stood off Mokil for three days. Took on food stores before leaving on Oct 7. [Coswell 1865]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, put in at Pohnpei on July 22. Left about Aug 4. [The Friend, XIX (Dec 1862), 90-1]

Schooner LIHOLIHO of Hawaii, Capt Bush, on a wrecking voyage, put in at Pohnpei again in Aug. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, A.A. Sturges to Anderson, 7 Aug 1862]

1863 Whaling bark CICERO of NB, Capt John R. Stiver's, lay off Mokil on Feb 4 and Pohnpei on Feb 6. Made sail soon afterwards. [Stivers 1865]

Whaleship NAVY of NB, Capt Andrew S. Sarvent. Feb 15: Lay off & on Mokil and traded for fowl, hogs, coconuts, turtles & taro. Also took on five bbls of coconut oil. Feb 18: Lay off & on Pohnpei. Chief & his followers came aboard and traded turtle shell for tobacco. Made for sea on Feb 20. [Sarvent 1864]

Whaling bark FANNY of NB, Capt George W. Bliven, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 21. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Clark, 30 Jan 1863]

Whaleship GENERAL WILLIAMS of New London, Capt William Benjamin, stood off Pingelap on Apr 12. Natives came off with coconuts & fowl. [Benjamin 1865]

Unnamed Russian frigate, bound for Japan, put in at Pohnpei on May 1. Left after two days. [HMCS 1853-1947:Sturges to Clark, 2 May 1863]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, in at Pohnpei in June. [The Friend, XX (Oct 1863), 76]

Whaling bark TRITON of NB, Capt Roland T. Packard, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 26. Took on water, wood, yams, pigs, bananas, coconuts, plantains & fowl. The 2nd officer refused to return to ship. Left Pohnpei on Oct 9, touching at Mokil briefly on Oct 13. [Packard 1865]

British bark VICKERY, Capt Blair, on a wrecking voyage, visited Oroluk in Nov to salvage ships there. Found the wrecks of two vessels and a box containing a letter from Capt Bush of the Liholiho. Visited Pohnpei on Dec 25. [James 1864: 433; The Friend, XXI (May 1864), 34]

1864 Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt Samuel James, visited the islands in Pohnpei area. Jan.8: Pingelap. Jan 11: Mokil. "Found an honest industrious race, for which much credit is due to the foreigners residing on the island for teaching them these qualifications." Jan 12: Pohnpei. "Natives are a graceless set of scamps. They did not steal the main mast or the anchors for the simple reason that they could not carry them off." Jan 26: Returned to Mokil before making sail for the Marshalls. [James 1864: 433]

Whaleship ABIGAIL of NB, Capt Ebenezer F. Nye, put in at Pohnpei about the end of Apr. The captain refused to trade with people of Kitti unless they restored the property stolen from Rev Sturges. [The Friend, XXII (Feb 1865), 10]

EURYALUS, Capt George Williams, sighted Kapingamarangi on Sept 8. Stood off for a time but saw no inhabitants or sign of life. [Annales Hydrographiques, XXVII (1865), 459-60]

English ship NORTHFLEET of London, Capt W. Symington, put in at Kapingamarangi on Sept 8. Ship lay off for four days while the captain made futile attempts to reach island by boat. [Eilers 1934: 5; Stackpole 1953: 373; Nautical Magazine, XXXIV (1865 ), 226-7 ]

Whaleship ALPHA of Nantucket, Capt William H. Coswell. Sept 14: Lay off Mokil for a day. Traded for turtles, hogs, coconuts, and yams. Sept 15: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on supplies and shipped three natives. Left on Oct 7. Oct 22: Lay off Pingelap. Canoes came off shore to trade. Shipped aboard two native hands and discharged one sailor. Left the following day. [Coswell 1865]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, in at Pohnpei in Nov. Left for Honolulu on Dec 7. [The Friend, XXII (Feb 1865), 8-10]

c1864-1865 Spanish frigate BERENGUEL.A sighted Kapingarnarangi and plotted the position of the island. [Findlay 1870: 753; Eilers 1934: 5]

1865 Whaleship CHARLES W. MORGAN of NB, Capt T.C. Landers. Jan 20: Stood off & on Pingelap. Traded for provisions. Jan 22: Put in at Pohnpei. Rev Sturges came aboard ship. Traded for hogs & fowl and took on wood & water. A seaman deserted. Ship left for sea on Jan 31 with two native stowaways aboard. [Landers 1867]

Whaleship GENERAL WILLIAMS of New London, Capt William Benjamin, touched at Pingelap & Mokil for a few hours on Mar 7. [Benjamin 1865]

Trading vessel COMET of Oldenburg, Capt Weeks, in at Pohnpei on Mar 9. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Clark, 7 Mar 1865]

Schooner PFEIL of Hawaii, Capt Ziegenhirt, at anchor at Pohnpei in early Mar. Left Pohnpei on Mar 6, lying off Ant the next day to take off coconut oil. [Waddell 1865; HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Gulick, 7 Mar 1865]

Small schooner from Fiji, under the command of Capt Ben Pease, put in at Pohnpei around Mar. Pease and the owner lengthened the schooner before leaving Pohnpei for Honolulu. [De Brum 1869-1934: letter of Edward Milne, 1869]

Whaleship EDWARD CAREY of SF, Capt George Baker, lying at anchor at Pohnpei in Mar. Ship was destroyed and burned by the Confederate raider Shenandoah on Apr 1. Crew was taken off Pohnpei in Sept. During his stay on Pohnpei, Capt Baker fought with the Nanmwarki to put down a rebellion. In gratitude, he was offered a title, land & wives. [Ward 1967: VI, 188-9. 191; Hawes 1924: 236; American Legion 1937: 48]

Whaleship HARVEST of Honolulu, Capt John Eldridge, lying at anchor at Pohnpei in Mar. The ship was captured and burned by the Shenandoah on Apr 1. Three mates & cooper left for Guam in an open boat in July. The rest of the crew was taken off Pohnpei in Sept. Captain chose to remain in Pohnpei after the others left. [Ward 1967: VI, 188-9, 191, 198]

Whaleship HECTOR of NB, Capt Amos A. Chase, in at Pohnpei in Mar. The ship was captured and burned by the Confederate packet Shenandoah on Apr 1. The crew was taken off Pohnpei in Sept and brought to Hawaii. [Ward 1967: VI, 188-9, 191]

Whaling bark PEARL of New London, Capt Edwin P. Thompson, lying at anchor at Pohnpei in Mar. Ship was captured and burned on Apr 1 by the Shenandoah. The crew was taken off Pohnpei in Sept. Ship reportedly brought measles to Pohnpei resulting in death of many natives. [Ward 1967: VI, 189, 191; Hambruch 1936: I, 188]

Confederate raider SHENANDOAH, Capt James Waddell, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 1. He captured & burnt four whaleships (Pearl, Harvest, Hector, & Edward Carey), leaving the crews on Pohnpei. 13 crew members, mostly natives, joined the Shenandoah. Invited the chief aboard to drink schnapps, and sent several muskets and some tobacco ashore as gifts to the chief. Departed Pohnpei on Apr 13. [Hunt 1867: 122-40; Waddell 1865; Ward 1967: VI, 193; Hawes 1924: 235-6; Browning 1976]

Bark KAMEHAMEHA V of Honolulu, Capt W.J. Cummingham, anchored at Pohnpei on Sept 15. Took off crews of four whaleships burnt there by the Shenandoah. Put in at Mokil on Sept 30 to take on provisions before sailing to Honolulu. Left Mokil on Oct 4. [Ward 1967: VI, 198; Browning 1976: 30; The Friend, XXI I (Dec 18651, 96]

Missionary packet M0RNING STAR, Capt Samuel James, visited Pohnpei area. Sept 18: Touched at Mokil and "held a meeting with King and people." Sept 19: Anchored at Pohnpei. Left on Oct 3 for return trip. [The Friend, XXIII (Jan 1866), 2-3]

Whaleship CHARLES W. MORGAN of NB, Capt T.C. Landers. Dec 31: Ran along Pingelap. Two canoes came out, but no trade was conducted since natives' prices were too high. Jan 1, 1866: Put in at Pohnpei. Took on provisions & water. A seaman deserted, but was caught again. Two natives were recruited as seamen. Put to sea on Jan 10. [Landers 1867]

1866 Whaleship CAMILLA of NB, Capt R.J. Thomas, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 20. Took on wood and water and traded for hogs. Discharged two sick men. Sailed from Pohnpei on Mar 8. [Thomas 1866]

Whaleship HELEN SNOW of NB, Capt Joseph S. Adams, came into port at Pohnpei on Feb 23. [Thomas 1866]

Schooner PFEIL of Hawaii, Capt Ziegenhirt, chartered by ABCFM to visit mission stations, visited Pohnpei about Sept. [The Friend, XXIV (Aug 1867), 76-7]

Whaling bark STEPHANIA of NB, Capt James A. Sinclair, touched at Pingelap on Dec 23 and Pohnpei on Dec 25. Left the following day for the Mortlocks. [Sinclair 1868]

1867 Whaling bark ELIZABETH SWIFT of NB, rapt Reuben Pontius, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 6. One seaman deserted and another was discharged "by mutual consent." Shipped three men, two of them natives of Pohnpei. Made sail on Feb 26. [Pontius 1868]

Whaleship ADELINE of NB, Capt John M. Soule, visited the Pohnpei area. Feb 10: Stood off Pingelap. A boat came off the island. Feb 11: Stood off at Mokil. Ship bought a few hogs & other things. Feb 12: Anchored at Pohnpei in "Hadley's Harbor." Took on wood & water before leaving Pohnpei on Mar 1. [Soule 1869]

Whaling bark SUNBEAM of NB, Capt Dewitt C. Barrett, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 12. Took on wood, water & ten hogs. Put to sea on Feb 24. [Barrett 1868]

Whaleship FLORIDA of NB, Capt Thomas E. Fordham, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 18. [Pontius 1868]

Whaling bark COURSER of NB, Capt Joseph Hamblin- lay off' Mokil on Feb 22. Canoes came alongside the ship, "but had nothing." [Hamblin 1869]

Whaling bark PERU of New London, Capt Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 15 to replace a mast lost on a gale. [Ward 1967: VI, 201]

ALERT, Capt Abbott, in at Pohnpei in Mar. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Gulick, 7 Mar 1867]

Whaling brig COMET of Honolulu lying at anchor at Pohnpei in Mar. [Ward 1967 : VI, 201 ]

Whaling bark HAE HAWAII of Honolulu in at Pohnpei in Mar. [Ward 1967: VI, 201]

Whaleship JAMES MAURY of NB, Capt S.L. Gray, at Pohnpei in Mar. [Ward 1967: VI, 201 ]

Whaling bark NAUTILUS of NB, Capt George W. Bliven, in at Pohnpei about Mar. [The Friend, XXIV (Aug 1867), 72]

Trading brig BLOSSOM of Honolulu, Capt Benjamin Pease, put in at Pohnpei & Pingelap in Mar. [The Friend, XXIV (Aug 1867), 72]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR II, Capt Hiram Bingham, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 25. After visiting several different harbors of the island, the ship left for Kosrae on Oct 15. [The Friend, XXV (Mar 1868), 21; ABCFM 1852-1909: III, Bingham's Journal aboard MS, 1 July 1867]

1868 Whaling bark STEPHANIA of NB, Capt James A. Sinclair, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 15. Took on wood & water. Stood out to sea on Jan 21. [Sinclair 1868]

Whaling bark MIDAS of NB, Capt David R. Drake Jan 20: Stood off Pingelap. Captain went ashore to buy a turtle. Jan 21: Visited Mokil. Ship sent a boat ashore to trade. Jan 22: Visited Pohnpei. Took on wood and water and traded for 27 hogs and 20 barrels of yams. Left Pohnpei on Feb 1. [Drake 1869]

Whaleship CORINTHIAN of NB, Capt Valentine Lewis. Jan 25: Lay off Pingelap, but no one came off the island. Jan 26: Stood off Mokil. Boat with two white men came out to ship. Bought pigs, ducks, chickens, coconuts, taro & breadfruit. Jan 27: Anchored at Pohnpei. Remained in harbor until Feb 10. [Lewis 1868]

Whaling brig COMET of Honolulu lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 28. [Lewis 1868]

Whaling bark JOHN CARVER of NB, Capt Henry F. Worth, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 28. [Lewis 1868]

Whaleship ADELINE of NB, Capt John M. Soule, again put in at Pohnpei on Jan 31 after lying off Mokil far part of a day. Four men deserted, two of them captured shortly afterwards. The chief would not surrender the other two deserters. Left Pohnpei on Feb 19. [Soule 1869]

Whaling bark EAGLE of Hawaii, Capt Loveland, visited Pingelap in Jan. [The Friend, XXV (Dec 1868), 104]

Unnamed vessel, Capt Drake, bound for Hongkong, put in at Pohnpei in Jan. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, Doane to Gulick, 27 Jan 1868]

Whaling bark CICERO of NB, Capt John H. Paun, in at Pohnpei in Jan. [ABCFM 1852- 1909: III, Doane to Snow, 20 Feb 1868]

Trading schooner MALOLO of Honolulu, owned by Ben Pease, Capt G.A. Bridges. Mar 29: Lay off Pingelap. Canoes came out. Mar 30: Made Pohnpei. Loaded wood & water. Left Apr 3 for Marshalls. [Bridges 1870]

Whaleship ILLINOIS Of NB, Capt Joshua Davis, put in at Pohnpei about Apr. Three men deserted from the ship. The captain shanghaied three natives to take the place of the deserters, All three were carried to the US; one of them was returned to Pohnpei two years later. [Truxtun 1870]

Trading brig BLOSSOM, Capt Ben Pease, in at Pohnpei in late April. Left on May 10 for Honolulu. Returned to Pohnpei on late July. Took aboard beche-de-mer & other cargo. [Bridges 1870; Restieaux 1869]

Trading schooner MALOLO of Honolulu, Capt L.P. Eldridge, put in at Pohnpei on May 25. Took on a load of beche-de-mer and brought trade goods for Pease's stations on Pohnpei. Discharged four crew members and signed on three whites who were living ashore. With John Malilmann in command, the ship visited Pingelap and Mokil (Jan 11-12, 1869), putting traders ashore and taking off coconut oil. Returned to Pohnpei where the ship went aground. Remained in port for repairs until Dec when it visited Pingelap (Dec 21) and made for Kosrae. Pitman took over the command of the schooner on this voyage. [Bridges 1870]

Brig WATER LILY, Capt Ben Pease, bound for China, put in at Pohnpei on July 14. Brought Mahlmann who was to be master of the Malolo. Took on cargo and left for the Marshalls in early Aug. [Bridges 1870; Mahlmann 1918: 46-51]

Schooner TISSE MAN (?) put in at Pohnpei on July 22. [Bridges 1870]

Trading schooner LIZZI E ALLEN, Capt Brown, chartered by Ben Pease, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Aug 29. Preparing to sail for China with a cargo of timber. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, A.A. Sturges to Clark, 29 Aug 1868]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR II visited Pohnpei about Sept. [The Friend, XXVI (July 1869), 58-9]

GALIONDA, Capt Marshall, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 20. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Gulick, 20 Oct 1868]

Trading brig PIONEER (formerly Water Lily), Capt Ben Pease, returned to Pohnpei on Dec S. Brought the crew of shipwrecked Syringa from Namoluk. Made brief calls at Mokil & Pingelap before sailing for China in Feb or Mar 1869. [Mahlmann 1918: 44-51]

Whaling bark JOHN WELLS of NB, Capt Aaron Dean, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 20. Left Pohnpei on Dec 25. [Bridges 1870]

1869 Schooner LIZZIE ALLEN, Capt Brown, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Jan 15. The ship carried a cargo of timber to China. [Bridges 1870]

Whaling bark ORLANDO of NB, Capt James M. Clark, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 28. Left on Feb 12. [Clark 1870]

Whaleship JANUS, Capt F.C. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 10. Took on wood & water and bought hogs. Departed for Guam on Feb 25. [The Friend, XXVI (Dec 1869), 104]

Whaling bark HELEN SNOW of NB, Capt Thomas Campbell, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 20. Took on water. Two men who tried to desert were put in irons. Made sail on Mar 2. [Campbell 1871]

Whaling bark JULIAN, Capt John Heppingstone, off Pohnpei in Feb. May have visited the island. [The Friend, XXVI (June 1869), 48]

Unnamed vessel (perhaps FRANCIS ALLEN of Hongkong), Capt Martyn,in at Pohnpei on Apr 16. Ship about to leave for Shanghai with a cargo of timber. [ABCFM 1852- 1909: III, A.A. Sturges to Gulick, 16 Apr 1869]

Trading brig PIONEER, owned by Ben Pease, Capt Bully Hayes, put in at Pohnpei on May 20. Brought new manager & other employees for Pease's company. Returned to Pohnpei from a trading voyage in the Mlarshalls on Dec 5. Left with Malolo on Dec 18. [Cholmondeley 1915: 122-3, 138-9]

Schooner LIZZIE ALLEN, Capt Brown, put in at Pohnpei on June 29 to load timber for Pease's company. [Bridges 1870; Cholmondeley 1915: 139]

Whaling bark CAMILLA of NB, Capt Benjamin F. Jones. Sept 5: Lay off Mokil. Took on bananas, coconuts & 32 hogs. Sept 9: Anchored at Pohnpei. Stowed water & wood aboard and purchased yams. Two seamen deserted. The ship stood out for sea on Sept 18. [Jones 1871]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR II, Capt A. Tengstrom, in at Pohnpei in Sept for about two weeks. [The Friend, XXVII (Apr 1870), 30; (May 1870), 37-8]

British trading brig ANNE PORTER of Shanghai, Capt Davie, in at Pohnpei in Oct. Left for Kosrae on Oct 18. [Bridges 1870]

RUBANIA (?) lying at anchor off Pohnpei in Oct. Vessel was being caulked by Chinese carpenters. [Bridges 1870]

1870 Whaling bark HELEN SNOW of NB, Capt Thomas Campbell, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 4. Took on wood & water and traded with the islanders. Discharged a sick Hawaiian crew member and put to sea on Jan 7. Touched at Mokil on Feb 6 and traded for provisions. The next day returned to Pohnpei where two seaman were shipped from ashore. Left Pohnpei on Feb 24. [Campbell 1871]

Trading schooner MALOLO, Capt E.A. Pitman. Jan 12: Lay off Mokil and landed a white trader. Jan 13: Made Pohnpei for repairs and reprovisioning. Left Pohnpei for Marshalls on Jan 26. [Bridges 1870]

Whaling bark COUNT BISMARK put in at Pohnpei on Jan 14. [Bridges 1870]

Whaling bark LAGODA of NB, Capt Stephen Swift, in at Mokil on Feb 11. The captain went ashore and got three turtles. [Swift 1873]

Whaling bark NORMAN of NB, Capt Peter E. Childs, at anchor at Nonape on Feb 17. [Campbell 1871]

Whaleship JOSEPHINE of NB, Capt Cogan, in at Pohnpei in Mar. Reportedly traded liquor to Nahnken in exchange for his sister-in-law. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, Doane to friends, 6 Mar 1870]

German steamship VESTA of Hamburg, owned by Godeffroy Co, visited Pohnpei early in the year. Bound for Samoa with dried coconuts. [The Friend, XXVII (May 1870) , 37-8]

Trading schooner MALOLO, Capt E.A. Pitman, after a short trading cruise in the Marshalls, returned to Pohnpei on May 30. Took on several Chinese laborers to return them to Shanghai, but the schooner went aground as it was trying to get out on July 17. [Bridges 1870]

American naval cruiser USS JAMESTOWN, Cmdr N.J. Truxtun, visited Pohnpei islands on its cruise through Micronesia. June 14: Stood off Pingelap for a few hours. June 15: Stood off Mokil. Fired guns when no canoes came off and sailed on. June 16: Put in at Pohnpei, anchoring at Kolonia --"Jamestown Harbor." Truxtun exacted payment from Nahnken of Kitti for burning the mission church. Also reconciled two feuding clans. Provided some of Pease's traders with supplies and took aboard 15 Chinese for passage to Shanghai. Called all the principal chiefs aboard ship and had them sign a treaty between the US and Pohnpei. Sailed for Hawaii can Judy 2. Report includes acerbic comments on the influence of foreign residents in Pohnpei. [Truxtun 1870; Ward 1967: IV, 529-30; .Missionary Herald , LXVI (Nov 1870), 368-70; Bridges 1870]

Trading brig ANNE PORTER of Shanghai, Cart Davie, lying at anchor off Pohnpei on June 27. [Bridges 1870]

Schooner MARGARET put in at Pohnpei on July 13. Was dispatched from Kosrae by Ben Pease to carry orders to his men on Pohnpei. [Bridges 1870]

Unnamed trading brig arrived at Pohnpei from Shanghai on July 24. Left soon afterwards, taking Chinese laborers back to Shanghai. [Mahlmann 1918: 67-8]

Brig LEONORA (formerly Pioneer), Capt Bully Hayes, put in at Pohnpei about Aug. Hayes had acquired this vessel from Pease a short time before. [Mahlmann 1918: 72-6, 124]

Trading schooner ANNIE of Hawaii, Capt Babcock, chartered for missionary work, visited Pohnpei in Aug to bring supplies to the mission. [The Friend, XXVII (Nov 1870), 97]

1871 Whaling bark JOHN WELLS of NB, Capt Aaron Dean. Jan 17: Lay off & on Pingelap. Took on chickens, ducks & turtle. Jan 19: Reached Mokil where crew went ashore. Jan 21: Anchored at Pohnpei. Traded ashore for pigs & other things. One of the crew sold his accordion to the Nahnken. Ship left on Feb 12. [ Ransom 1871 ]

Whaleship WILLIAM ROTCH of Honolulu lay off Pingelap on Jan 18 and anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 21. [ Ransom 1871 ]

Unnamed American whaleship, under Capt Ben Whitney, put in at Pohnpei & Pingelap in Feb. Took a few traders off these islands and continued its cruise. [Mahlmann 1918: 80-1, 85-6]

Whaling bark HENRY TABER of NB, Capt Tim C. Packard, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 12. Took on wood and water. Several men tried to desert but were found and put in irons. Left Pohnpei on Mar 6. [Packard 1871]

Whaling bark J.D THOMPSON of NB, along with an unknown ship came into port on Feb 22. [Packard 1871]

Trading schooner AUGUSTITE of Hamburg in at Pohnpei in July to open a trading station. [Missionary Herald, LXVIII (May 1872), 148]

Brig LEONORA, Capt Bully Hayes, visited Pingelap about Aug. Put a trader ashore. Returned nine months later. [Dana 1935: 120]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Matthews, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 13. Touched at Pingelap on the previous day. [The Friend, XXIX (Feb 1872), 11 ]

Unnamed German schooner, bound for Samoa, lying at anchor at Kitti harbor, Pohnpei, on Nov 28. [ABCFM 1852-1909:V, A.A.Sturgestc Pogue, 28 Nov 1871]

Labor brig CARL of Melbourne, Capt Joseph Armstrong, on a labor cruise, put in at Pingelap about Nov. Took off no laborers, however, since the natives had been warned by the missionaries not to go aboard. Crew stayed ashore two or three days before sailing off. [Dana 1935: 122;Restieaux 1869; Fiji Times, 21 Dec 1871: 2]

Whaling bark ARCTIC of Honolulu, Capt A.S. Tripp, touched at Pingelap on Dec 28 and Mokil on Dec 29. Anchored at Pohnpei on Dec 31. Took on wood & water and purchased provisions & 125 hogs. Departed for Saipan on Jan 21. [Foss 1875]

1872 Labor brig CARL of Melbourne, Capt Joseph Armstrong, on a blackbirding voyage. Put in at Pingelap in Jan but could not lure any of the natives aboard. The brig then proceeded to Pohnpei where again no natives were taken, partly because the captain while drunk, boasted of his method of getting laborers. Ship's cook deserted there. Departed soon after for Chuuk. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, Doane, 13 Jan 1872; Simpson 1873: 194; Restieaux 1869]

Labor brig DAPHNE visited Pingelap about Jan to secure recruits. A canoeful of young men went out to the ship and were invited aboard. When they refused, the crew used force, killing one native and wounding others. All the natives escaped, however. The Daphne was later captured and sold to a trading company. [Dana 1935: 122-4; Restieaux 1869]

American naval corvette USS JOHN ADAMS anchored at Pohnpei about Jan. Conducted a survey of the anchorage. [Simpson 1873: 194]

Whaling barb PROGRESS of NB, Capt James Dowden, lying at anchor at Madolenihmw harbor, Pohnpei, in Feb. [Wawn 1874: 52]

Small unnamed sloop, once in the service of Ben Pease, put in at Pohnpei in Feb. Brought two or three white men and a couple of Kosraen women. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Pogue, 2 Feb 1872]

Whaling bark SEA BREEZE of NB, Capt R.D. Wicks, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 29. Took off wood. Sailed from Pohnpei on May 11. [Wicks 1875]

Whaling bark TAMERLANE of NB, Capt Thomas E. Fordham, anchored at Pohnpei on Apr 30. [Wicks 1875]

Brig LEONORA Capt BuIIy Hayes, visited Pingelap on May 25. Traded for food and landed a trader to replace one that he took off the island. Made for Kosrae shortly afterwards. [Dana 1935: 120-4; Lowther 1872]

Merchant bark FIRE QUEEN, Capt Hamilton, on voyage from Newcastle to Hongkong, stood off Ngatik on June 13. [Simpson 1873: 194]

Whaling bark AVOLA of NB, Capt Zenas E. Bourne, anchored at Pohnpei on June 14. "We have male & female on board -- females as boarders and males as bummers." Some of the crew shot pigeons ashore and attended a feast. Four men, including three natives of Pohnpei, were discharged. Made sail on July 31. [Bourne 1877]

British man-of-war HMS BLANCHE, Capt Cortland Simpson, visited Pohnpei islands to investigate labor trade practices. June 16: Put in at Pingelap. Found no firearms among the natives, The crew gave away presents but received nothing in return. June 20: Arrived at Pohnpei Met six to seven Europeans and many half-castes. Reported that chiefs were under the control of the white residents. June 24: Visited Ngatik. Met an American trader who had lived there for 20 years. [Simpson 1873: 194; Brazier 1872]

North German brig ISERBROOK, owned by Godeffroy Co, Capt Levisohn, put in at Pohnpei in June to collect copra. [Wawn 1874: 53-4]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt William B. Hallett, visited islands in Pohnpei area. Sept 14: Visited Mokil where two Pohnpeian missionaries were working. Sept 15: Put in at Pohnpei. Because of Mrs Doane's poor health, the proposed voyage to Chuuk to settle missionaries was postponed for a year. Departed on Dec 27, touching at Mokil & Pingelap en route to the Marshalls. [Alexander 1873]

Whaling bark BENJAMIN CUMMINGS of NB, Capt Roswell Brown, in at Pohnpei in Nov. Left 600 yrds of cloth on Pohnpei as trade. Made sail on Nov 29. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, Doane to Clark, 13 Oct 1872]

1873 Whaling bark AVOLA of NB, Capt Zenas A. Bourne. Jan 31: Lay off Mokil. Bought five hogs, some fowl & coconuts. "Only 82 souls on the island." Feb 2: Anchored at Pohnpei. "The Ascension ladies came aboard for company." Took on wood & water and landed one seaman who wanted to live on shore. Put to sea on Feb 13. Feb 21: Lay off Ngatik. A canoe came off with some bananas. Mar 13: Lay off Pingelap. Sent a boat ashore to trade, but they could not get anything other than coconuts. Seamen went ashore to find women but were disappointed. "The missionaries has got glory pumped into the natives good and at both ends." Mar 14: Stood in at Mokil but no one came off the islands. Apr 20: Again anchored at Pohnpei. Discharged the ship's carpenter, and purchased hogs & coconuts. The ship cruised off Pohnpei for the next two months, occasionally putting in there. Discharged five more men and took on more provisions. Left the area on July 14. "Ascension is a very good place to cruise and also for some other things." [Bourne 1877]

Whaling bark JAMES ALLEN of NB, Capt Kelly, lay off Mokil on Feb 1 and anchored off Pohnpei on Feb 2. Sailed on Feb 12. [Bourne 1877]

Whaling bark TRITON of NB, Capt John Heppingstone. Feb 6: Lay off & on Pingelap. Took on fowl, ducks & coconuts. Feb 8: Put in at Mokil. Bought 23 hogs and 2000 coconuts. Feb 10: Anchored at Pohnpei where wood & water was taken on. Left Feb 17. [Heppingstone 1876]

Bark R.W.WOOD of Honolulu, Capt Whitney, anchored at Pohnpei on Feb 10. [Heppingstone 1876; Bourne 1877]

Whaling bark BARTHOLOMEW GOSNOLD of NB, Capt James M. Willis, in at Pohnpei on Mar 15. [Bourne 1877]

Whaling bark LIVE OAK of NB, Capt Welden, in port at Pohnpei in Apr. [Missionary Herald, LXIX (Aug 1873), 257]

Bark KAMEHAMEHA V of Honolulu, Capt Weeks, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on July 25. The vessel seems to have been wrecked there. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Pogue, 2 Aug & 25 July 1873]

Trading schooner MATAUTU, owned by Capelle Co, Capt Edward Milne, in port at Pohnpei on July 25. [HMCS 1853-1947: Sturges to Pogue, 25 July 1873]

German brig ALFRED of Godeffroy Co, Capt Bouchin (?), lying at anchor at Pohnpei in Aug. [Wawn 1874: 138-9]

Schooner LUCY of Sydney, Capt "JTO" (?), on a cruise for beche-de-mer, put in at Pohnpei in Aug. Touched at Kapingamarangi and Oroluk. Ship then sailed for New Ireland, when the captain brought the ship around, returned to Pohnpei in Oct, gave up his command and went ashore to live. [Wawn 1874: 138-41]

North German schooner ISERBROOK, Capt Levisohn, touched at Nukuoro in Aug and proceeded to Pohnpei. Kubary was aboard the vessel and disembarked at Pohnpei. [ Kubary 1900: 73; Paszkowski 1971: 49]

Unnamed schooner from Auckland, Capt C.F. Wood, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 20. Natives came out to trade. Almost all spoke some English and goods were priced in terms of dollars & cents. Wood went ashore, visited the Nahnken of Kitti, shot pigeons & dynamited fish, and purchased shell from the people. Found that the natives had been "educated in crime by a villainous caste of whites." Several natives and whites requested passage when the schooner made sail on Oct 4. Wood gives a vivid, if glum view of the effects of years of foreign influence upon Pohnpeians. [Wood 1875: 141-75]

Unnamed whaleship of Honolulu, lying on the north side of Pohnpei on Oct 4. "Too leaky to go to sea." The crew had been discharged and were living ashore. [Wood 1875: 174]

Trading schooner SAVAII, owned by Capelle Co, Capt Becker. Touched at Mokil & Pingelap (Nov 27 -28) and put in at Pohnpei with two missionaries aboard. Left on Dec 30 for the Marshalls. Touched at Mokil on Jan 4 & Pingelap on Jan 6. [Missionary Herald, LXX (Aug 1874), 254; Wawn 1874: 142; ABCFM 1852-1909: V, A.A. Sturges to Clark, 30 Sept 1873]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt William B. Hallett, visited Pingelap (Dec 19), Mokil (Dec 20), Pohnpei (Dec 21 - Jan 2) & Ngatik (Jan 3). On its return from the Mortlocks the Morning Star touched at Nukuoro (Jan 15, 1874), Pohnpei (Jan 26 - Feb 10) Mokil (Feb 13) & Pingelap (Feb 14). [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45]

Whaling bark ACTIVE of NB, Capt Thomas G. Campbell, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 21. [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45]

Whaling bark JAMES ALLEN of NB, Capt W.H. Kelly, put in at Pohnpei on Dec 27. [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45; Bourne 1877]

1874 Whaling bark ARCTIC of Honolulu, Capt Whitney, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 22. [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45]

Whaling bark TRITON of NB, Capt John Heppingstone. Feb 7: Stood off Pingelap. Brought off the island ducks, chickens, hogs & coconuts. Feb 10: Lay off Pohnpei. When the captain found out there were no provisions to be had, the ship stood to sea. [Heppingstone 1876]

Whaling bark ACORS BARNS of New London, Capt Allen, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 10. [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45]

Whaling bark ACTIVE of NB, Capt Thomas G. Campbell, in at Pohnpei on Feb 12. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VI, Doane to Clark, 12 Feb 1874]

Trading brig LEONORA, Capt Bully Hayes, called at Pohnpei in Feb. Salvaged some material from the wreck of the Kamehameha. In Mar visited Pingelap where Hayes allegedly kidnapped the chief until his people brought 5000 coconuts & one girl on board. [Goodenough 1875: 1675]

Whaling bark NORTHERN LIGHT of NB, Capt Gilbert L. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 21. Took on wood and water and traded with natives. Left on Feb 28. [Smith 1875]

Whaling bark ARNOLDA of NB, Capt George F. Bauldry. Mar 9: Stood off Pingelap and took on chickens & coconuts. Mar 10: Anchored at Pohnpei. Took on wood & water and traded for pigs, chickens, pumpkin, yams & bananas. Shipped three men, two natives & a white resident. Left on Mar 25. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark HELEN MAR of NB, Capt William H. Koon, at Pohnpei on Mar 11. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark JOSEPH MAXWELL of NB, Capt Stephen Hickmott, in at Pohnpei on Mar 22. Left the next day. [The Friend, XXXI (July 1874), 50]

Whaleship EUROPA of hFB, Capt J.H. AIcKenzie, in at Pohnpei on Mar 22. [The Friend, XXXI (July 1874), 50]

Whaling bark SUNBEAM of NB, Capt Joseph W. Lavers, put in at Pohnpei on June 5. Three men deserted but were captured and taken aboard again. The ship weighed anchor on June 14 and for the next two months cruised off Pohnpei. Sent a boat ashore an Aug 2 and took off wood & water. Two men deserted, one of them a Malayan who "was shot by the natives without cause." Landed a trader on Ant Island and put to sea on Aug 7. [Lavers 1875]

British ship LORNSARD (?) of Sydney put in at Pohnpei on June 5. [Layers 1875]

Whaleship FLORENCE of SF, Capt Thomas Williams, anchored at Pohnpei in Mar. Two other whaleships in at that time. Ship's steward disappeared and was presumed to have committed suicide in a fit of depression. Took aboard a Pohnpeian boy to serve as houseboy for Capt Williams; he remained in the US for a year before returning to Pohnpei. Ship left for Guam & Saipan. Lengthy description of Pohnpei, its physical features, people, stone ruins, food preparation sakau, etc. [Williams 1964: 310-26; The Friend, XXXI (July 1874), 50]

German brig ALFRED, Capt Ganter, was at Pohnpei in Aug. Left on Aug 30, taking Kubary off Pohnpei after a year's residence. [Paszkowski 1971: 49]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt C.W. Gelett, visited Pohnpei area. Sept 20: Stood off Pingelap for a day. Sept 21: Visited Mokil. Took on passengers for Pohnpei, including island chief. Sept 23: Made Pohnpei. Landed new missionaries, Rev & Mrs Rand, and sailed for Mortlocks: on Oct 2. On its return, Morning Star visited Pohnpei again (Oct 18 - Nov 14), afterwards touching at Mokil (Nov 8 - 9) and Pingelap (Nov 11). [The Friend, XXXII (Mar 1875), 22]

1875 Whaling bark TRITON of NB, Capt John Heppingstone. Feb 9: Lay off Pingelap. Sent two boats ashore to trade and took off wood, hogs, fowl & coconuts. Feb 11: Made Mokil where the captain went ashore & traded. Feb 13: Lay off Pohnpei. Boat went ashore and took on coconuts & hogs. Put to sea on Feb 14. [Heppingstone 1876]

Whaling bark ARCTIC of Honolulu, Capt Whitney, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 13. [Heppingstone 1876]

Whaling bark ARNOLDA of NB, Capt George F. Bauldry. Mar 25: Lay off & on Pingelap. Brought aboard chickens, ducks, & coconuts. Mar 30: Lay off Pohnpei and cruised in the area for several weeks. Sent a boat ashore on June 2 for bananas & breadfruit. June 28: Lay off Ngatik and bought fish, chickens, bananas & coconuts. Returned to Pohnpei on July 7. While it was taking on wood & water, a seaman deserted. The ship cruised off Pohnpei until the end of Sept. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, R.W. Logan, 30~Aug 1875; Bauldry 1876]

Bark NORTHERN LIGHT of SF lying off Pohnpei on Mar 31. [Bauldry 1876]

Unnamed trading schooner, Capt Melon, in at Pohnpei on Apr 6. Took on copra. [Bauldry 1876]

British trading schooner RUPAK, Capt B.E. Gall, on a trading & fishing voyage. Apr 27: Anchored in Nukuoro and remained for a month. Danish trader was on the island at the time. The people were "the finest looking and the most friendly of all we met." May 24: Visited Kapingamarangi 12 men, appearing very frightened, came out in a canoe and traded for beads & tobacco. The ship lay to here for a month. [Robertson 1876: 52-4]

Whaling bark BARTHOLOMEW GOSNOLD of NB, Capt James M. Wallis, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on June 28. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, R.W. Logan, 28 June 1875; Worth 1875-, 1882: Henry Worth to father, 1 Sept 1875]

German trading brig SUSANNE owned by Capelle Co, Capt Loser, in at Pohnpei on July 7. [Bauldry 1876]

Unnamed British barkentine, bound for Yokohama, in at Pohnpei on July 10. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark STAMBOUL of NB, Capt Horace Montross, in at Pohnpei on July 25. [Bauldry 1876]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt A.D. Colcord, on its annual cruise. Touched at Pingelap (Sept 23) and Mokil (Sept 24) where it landed lumber for a white resident. Anchored at Pohnpei on Sept 25. Gives a short account of adoption practices there. Left Pohnpei on Oct 4, taking Pohnpeian boy & girl as passengers to the Mortlocks. On its return from the Mortlocks, again visited Pingelap & Pohnpei (Oct 29 - Nov 10). "Men on Pingelap wear shirts & pants -- some even vests!" [Colcord 1875]

1876 Whaling bark AVOLA of NB, Capt Zenas A. Bourne, anchored at Pohnpei on Mar 26. "Paid off the ladies" and got underway on Apr 5. Put in at Pohnpei again on Apr 30 Took on board some coconuts and a pig. "Heard the king turned missionary." Made for sea on July 23. [Bourne 1877]

Schooner LEVUKA, Capt Nils Michelsen, at Pohnpei in March. [Segebrecht 1956:307]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt A.D.' Colcord, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 3. Left for the Mortlocks on Oct 10. On its return the ship again visited Pohnpei (Nov 6-13), Mokil (Nov 16), & Pingelap (Nov 20). [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, "Report of the 4th Trip of MS to Micronesia, 1876-77"]

German trading brig SUSANNE, owned by Capelle Co, Capt Loser, put in at Mokil on Nov 20, and then visited Pohnpei to collect copra. [Young 1877: entries for 30 Nov & 12 Dec 1876]

Whaling bark NORMAN of NB, .Capt Thomas G. Campbell, arrived at Pohnpei on Dec 29. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, R.W. Logan, 29 Dec 1876]

1877 German trading brig SUSANNE, Capt Loser, in at Pohnpei in Feb to pick up copra. [Young 1877: entry for 17 Feb 1877]

Brig VISION of Auckland, Capt Morton, on a trading voyage, visited Pohnpei area on Mar 28. Lay off Pingelap -- "A dirty place; a cargo of missionary soap would not come amiss here." Visited Pohnpei and remained two days. "50 whites living on the island, 8-12 whalers put in each year, and 4-5 schooners." Left a Dutch trader on Ant Is who was later clubbed to death. [New Zealand Herald, 22 May 1877; Westwood 1905: 85-7]

Schooner MONTIARA of Singapore, Capt Ravekilde, on a beche-de-mer cruise, visited Pohnpei in Aug. [Young 1877: entry for 11 Sept 1877]

Unnamed German trading schooner from Jaluit lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Nov 3. [ ABCFM 1852-1909: V, A.A. Sturges to Clark, 3 Nov 1877]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt A.D. Colcord, visited Pohnpei in Nov. Departed on Nov 5 for the Mortlocks. On its return the vessel touched at Pingelap (Dec 26), Mokil (Dec 28), & Pohnpei (Dec 29). [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, "Report of the 5th Trip of MS from Pohnpei to the Mortlocks"]

Merchant bark FIRE QUEEN, Capt Hamilton, sighted Kapingamarangi. [Eilers 1934: 5]

1878 Whaling bark NORMAN of N.B., Capt Thomas G. Campbell, touched at Pohnpei on Jan 6. Took on water and departed soon afterwards. [The Friend, XXXV (June 1878, 48]

Brig STORMBIRD of Honolulu, Capt George Jackson, on a labor cruise, put in at Pohnpei on Apr 10. Capt Jackson refused to pay the harbor dues imposed by a chief, and when two of his men were held for ransom he had the chief clapped in irons. A fracas ensued in which a Pohnpeian was wounded. Ship left on Apr 19. [Bennett 1976: 5-6; Commercial Advertiser, 1 June 1878]

Schooner BELLE BRANDON of Auckland, owned by Henderson & MacFarlane, Capt Harris, put in at Pingelap about June. Landed a trader there. [ Dana 1935: 64-5]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 22. Left for the Mortlocks on Oct 31. On its return the vessel visited Pingelap on Dec 13. "Sold 150 yds of print to the natives and bought a large quantity of cord." Touched at Mokil (Dec 15), Pohnpei (Dec 19 - Jan 1), & Pingelap (Jan 6). [ABCFM 1852-1909: IV, "Journal of MS for 1878-79"; Bray 1879: 217-8]

Trading schooner TUTUILA of Capelle Co, Capt Fisher, put in at Pohnpei. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Charles Ingolls, 7 July1883]

1879 Unnamed whaleship, Capt Whitney, in at Pohnpei on Feb 8. [AB.CFM 1852-1909: V, Rand to Clark, 24 Feb 1879]

Whaleship HELEN MAR of NB, Capt George Bauldry. Feb 18: Lay off Pingelap. Traded for fowl and coconuts. Three natives stowed away onboard. Ship cruised off Pohnpei for a week before anchoring on Mar 1. Traded for food, pumpkins, and pigs with powder, guns, and cloth. Took on wood and water. Hand deserted by swimming ashore. Made sail on Mar 12. [Bauldry 1880]

American topsail schooner STAGHOUND, Capt Thomas Brown, stood off Pingelap in Mar. Capt Brown tried to persuade a trader on the island to sell him his copra. When the man refused, he was drugged and an attempt made to steal his copra. The crew were driven off by natives, however, and the schooner left soon after. [Dana 1935: 86-8; Bauldry 1880]

Whaling bark FLEETWING of NB, Capt John Heppingstone, visited Pingelap & Mokil in June. [Dana 1935: 94-7]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, visited Pohnpei area. Nov 3: Touched at Pingelap where an epidemic had killed several people during the past year. Nov 4: Lay off Mokil. Natives welcomed the ship with songs & white flags waving. Nov 5: Anchored at Pohnpei. Shipped two Pohnpeian sailors and took aboard the Logans for passage to the Mortlocks. Made sail on Nov 15. On its return passage the vessel visited Pohnpei (Dec 19-27), Mokil (Dec 30), & Pingelap (Dec 31). Carried Rev Sturges to Hawaii. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IV, "Report of the 9th Voyage of MS to Micronesia, 1879-80"]

Schooner CAROLINE, Capt Felix Becker, visited Pohnpei in early Nov. Put in at Nukuoro on Nov 18 and took on 12 tons of copra. Left for Mortlocks on Nov 19. [Young 1878-1929: extracts from his journal, 18 Nov 1879]

1880 Schooner TORT, Capt Kumminga, in at Pohnpei on Jan. Left for the Marshalls on Jan 15 with Kubary's museum specimens aboard. Returned to Pohnpei on Feb 10 and remained for a week, departing for Guam on Feb 17. [Young 1881]

American trading schooner UNDINE, Capt Kustel, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 9. Wrecked at Madolenihmw Harbor in early Feb. [Young 1881]

Schooner BEATRICE of Shanghai, Capt Williams, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 25. Left for Mortlocks on Jan 30 with Henry Worth & wife aboard. Returned to Pohnpei on Feb 27, remaining until Apr 6 when it sailed for the islands in the west. [Young 1881]

Whaling bark FLEETWING of NB, Capt John Heppingstone, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 28. [Young 1881]

Whaleship NORMAN of NB, Capt Keenan, in at Pohnpei in Jan. [Young 1881: entry for 17 Mar 1880]

Schooner JALUIT, Capt Witt, arrived at Pohnpei from Kosrae and Marshalls on Feb 8. Left on Feb 15. [Young 1881]

Schooner BELLE BRANDON of Auckland, Capt Harris, on a trading voyage, visited Pingelap (Feb 22), Mokil & Pohnpei. On its return from the Mortlocks, put in at Nukuoro. Found a trader residing there, but no missionaries as yet. The natives "still have their heathen temple and devil-ipriests." [Young 1881: entry of 26 Feb 1880; Dana 1935: 97-100]

Schooner ELIZABETH of FIJI, Capt Witherington, arrived at Pohnpei from Kosrae on Feb 26. Returned to Pohnpei on July 5. [Young 1881]

Whaleship JOHN HOWLAND of NB, Capt Green, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 26. [Young 1881]

Whaling bark PACIFIC, Capt Nolan, put in at Pohnpei on Feb 26. [Young 1881]

Whaleship RAINBOW of NB, Capt Bernard Cogan, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Feb 26. [Young 1881]

Whaleship THOMAS POPE of NB, Capt Adams, in at Pohnpei in Feb. [Young 1881: entry for 17 Mar 1880]

Schooner FRANZISKA, Capt Rohlf, put in at Pohnpei on Mar 2. Left for Jaluit on Mar 12. [Young 1881]

Whaleship HELEN MAR of NB, Capt George Bauldry. Lay off Pingelap on Feb 18. Traded for 5 dozen fowl, 1200 coconuts, and breadfruit. 3 natives stowed away onboard. Reached Pohnpei on Feb 19. Mar 1: Anchored at Pohnpei. Traded for fowl, pigs, and pumpkins with powder, guns, and cloth. One hand deserted by swimming ashore. Made sail on Mar 12. Sailed from Pohnpei on Mar 16. Mar 17: Lay off Ngatik trading for pigs and chicken. Left the following day. [Young 1881; Bauldry 1880]

Barkentine MATHILDE of Germany, Capt Nissen (?), arrived at Pohnpei on Mar 26. Took on 300,000 Ibs of copra. Departed for Jaluit and Kosrae on Apr 6. [Young 1881]

Schooner ALASKA, Capt Westphalen, in at Pohnpei. Left for Jaluit on May 18. [Young 1881]

Schooner LOTUS, Capt Nahnsen, in at Pohnpei. Left for Jaluit with several natives aboard on June 11. [Young 1881]

Schooner BEATRICE, chartered by Capelle Co, Capt H.T. Williams, on a trading voyage in the Carolines. June 12: Put in at Pohnpei and took on copra. June 18: Touched at Kapingamarangi. Learned of the murder of a foreign trader. June 28: Visited Nukuoro where it put a man ashore. After this, returned to Pohnpei and remained there until July 8 when it sailed for Guam. [Young 1881; Williams 1884]

Schooner OLESAGA of Capelle Co, Capt Schleuter, put in at Pohnpei on June 19 after touching at Pingelap. Left for Jaluit on June 24. [Young 1881]

Schooner BELLE BRANDON of Auckland, Capt Harris, on a trading cruise, put in at Kapingamarangi in Aug or Sept. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Charles Ingolls, 7 July 1883]

German schooner TONGA TABU, Capt Huffnagel, on a trading voyage, in at Nukuoro in Sept. Left for Yap in Sept 5. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of James Curry, 6 July 1883]

Schooner BEATRICE, Capt H. T. Williams, arrived at Pohnpei from Guam on Nov 5. Lay off Pingelap on Nov 18 before sailing to Kosrae. Returned to Pingelap on Nov 27 and anchored at Pohnpei on Nov 29. Sailed for Guam on Dec 3. [Young 1881]

Schooner PANNONIA, Capt Kostel, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Nov 11. [Young 1881]

Schooner OLESAGA of Jaluit, Capt Schleuter, in at Pingelap on Nov 24 & Pohnpei on Nov 30. [Young 1881]

Bark GEORGE BLOHM, Capt Matfeld, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Nov 30. Picked up copra. [Young 1881]

German schooner TONGA TABU, Capt Huffnagel, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Nov 30, loading copra. [Young 1881]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, visited Pingelap (Dec 18), Mokil (Dec 19) & Pohnpei (Dec 21-25). After its return from the Mortlocks & Chuuk the ship again put in at Pohnpei (Jan 30 - Feb 6, 1881). [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX," Report of the 10th Voyage of MS, 1880-81"]

1881 Whaling bark JOHN HOWLAND of NB, Capt F. Green, put in at Pohnpei in Feb. [Young 1881]

Schooner BEATRICE, Capt H.T. Williams, arrived at Pohnpei on Apr 25. Sailed for Guam on May 1, breaking charter agreement with Capelle Co. Returned. to Pohnpei on June 9, however, when Governor of Marianas forced Williams to finish his charter. Again at anchor at Pohnpei on Aug 11. [Young 1881; Tripp 1884]

Schooner CAROLINE (formerly Tori), Capt Felix Becker, lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 25. Left for Chuuk & Mortlocks on May 18. Returned to Pohnpei on July 1 with load of copra & Henry Worth aboard. Left for Jaluit & Kosrae on July 9. [Young 1881]

Schooner FRANZISKA, Capt Rohlf, arrived at Pohnpei on Apr 29. Left for Jaluit on May 9. [Young 1881]

Schooner OLESAGA of Jaluit, Capt Schleuter, arrived at Pohnpei from Yap & Hongkong on May 12. Left for Jaluit on May 16. [Young 1881]

Schooner BELLE BRANDON of Auckland, Capt Harris, put in at Pohnpei on June 11. Took Rev & Mrs Logan to New Zealand to recover their health. [Young 1881]

British man-of-war HMS EMERALD, Capt William Maxwell, arrived at Pohnpei on June 30. Issued a notice advising foreigners to register land ownership with the High Commission if they desired British protection. Gives brief account of white residents met in Pohnpei. Natives "not so well dressed or advanced as those in Kosrae, but more refined in features." [Young 1881; Maxwell 1881]

Trading schooner LOTUS, owned by a Marshallese chief, visited Pohnpei in June. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of John Kubary, 11 Aug 1883]

German steamer SUDSEE, owned by DHPG, Capt Bruck, arrived at Pohnpei from Samoa & New Britain on July 7. Left for Jaluit on July 10. [Young 1881]

Whaleship PALMETTO of NB, Capt Frederick Tripp, visited Pohnpei area. Aug 10: Put in at Pohnpei. Bought pigs & fruits. Aug 28: Lay off Ngatik for the next few days. Captain went ashore and obtained pigs & chickens. "Natives speak quite good English." Sept 6: Returned to Pohnpei after cruising in nearby waters for several days. Took on more provisions Left port on Oct 6 to continue its cruise. [Tripp 1884]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, visited Mokil (Oct 10), Pohnpei (Oct 11-15) where it shipped two Pohnpeian seamen, and Pingelap (Oct 22). On its return from Chuuk the Morning Star visited Pohnpei (Nov 24 - Dec 1) and Mokil (Dec 3). [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 11th Voyage of MS, 1881-82"]

1882 Schooner BEATRICE, Capt H.T. Williams, in at Pohnpei in the early part of the year. Touched at Kapingamarangi & Nukuoro before sailing for the Mortlocks. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Ilaisa Mativa, 6 July 1883]

Whaleship PALMETTO of NB, Capt Frederick Tripp. Apr 5: Lay off & on Mokil for a day. Bought chickens, ducks & eggs. Put in at Pohnpei, Took on wood & water and bought five pigs and some fruit. Three hands left the ship, including the Pohnpeian who had been shipped aboard the year before. Made sail to the west on Apr 17. Returned to Pohnpei on June 23 to trade for food. Left on July 25.Returned to Pohnpei on Sept 15. Captain went ashore and bought provisions. Left on Sept 18. [Tripp 1884]

Trading schooner CAROLINE, Capt Felix Becker, put in at Nukuoro on July 4. Later wrecked near Faraulep. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Ilaisa Mativa, 6 July 1883]

German bark CASSILDA in at Pohnpei in July. Left for Yap on July 9. [Le Hunte1883: statement of Charles Ingolls, 7 July 1883]

Labor schooner JULIA of Honolulu, Capt Brown, put in at Pohnpei in July. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray. Aug 26: Visited Mokil & Pingelap where services were held ashore. Aug 27: Anchored at Pohnpei. Landed three new missionaries: Mr Rand, Mr Houston & Miss Fletcher. Departed for Chuuk on Sept 16. On its return the ship again visited Mokil (Nov 4) & Pohnpei (Nov 5 - 11). Visited Pohnpei a 3rd time on Dec 12, remaining until Dec 21. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 12th Voyage of MS, 1882-1883"]

Schooner GREYHOUND of SF arrived at Pohnpei on Dec 19. Sailed for Honolulu on Dec 21. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 12th Voyage of MS, 1882-1883"]

Schooner MAZEPPA came to Nukuoro late in the year and made Pohnpei in Jan 1883. [Le Hunte 1883: statement of Ilaisa Mativa, 6 July 1883; Westwood 1905: 143-4]

1883 French bark MARIA LOUISA, Capt Ohner, put in at Pohnpei in Feb 18. Adolph Capelle was aboard. Ship left Pohnpei for Yap on Feb 23. [Swanston 1885: VI]

Unnamed Danish vessel in at Pohnpei on May 3. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VI, Doane to J.A. Means, 3 May 1883]

British warship HMS ESPIEGLE, Capt Cyprian Bridge, visited islands of Pohnpei. July 14: Anchored at Pohnpei. Learned of the murder of an English trader in Kapingamarangi. Found a foreigner building a sugar mill at the time. Account contains comments on chieftainships, village layout, and the like. July 10: Put in at Nukuoro. Visited "Queen" of the islands. Received testimony on the murder at Kapingamarangi. July 12: Lay off Kapingamarangi. A canoe with six men came out to the ship. The British obtained further testimony on the murder cases. [Le Hunte 1883: paragraphs 26-31; Bridge 1883: 9-11]

1884 Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt George Garland, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 8. Took on a load of wood for Honolulu and departed on Jan 19. Returned to Pohnpei on Feb 13. Sailed two days later, touching at Pingelap & Mokil en route to Kosrae. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, George Garland to Prudential Committee, 20 Mar 1884]

Whaling steamer BELVEDERE of NB, Capt George F. Smith, put in at Pohnpei on Jan 15. Left on Jan 21; [Tucker 1885]

Steam whaling bark LUCRETIA of NB, Capt J.S. Carter, anchored at Pohnpei on Jan 21. Sent a boat ashore for water and shipped two natives. Stood out to sea on Jan 31. [Kelley 1885]

Bark MABEL arrived at Pohnpei on Jan 24. [Kelley 1885]

Schooner MAZEPPA lying at anchor at Pohnpei on Apr 10. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, George Garland to Prudential Committee, 20 Mar 1884]

Schooner JENNIE WALKER of Honolulu, Capt Holland, put in at Pohnpei on Sept 3. Brought missionary supplies under charter and remained in port for a week. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VII, R.W. Logan to Judson Smith, 13 Oct 1884]

British ship BOTHWELL CASTLE of Newcastle, NSW, Capt H.D. Boyer, was wrecked at Ngatik on Dec 24. A boat with the captain and three others set out for help not long after this, arriving in Palau in Jan. Remainder of the crew was picked up on Ngatik some time before Oct 1885. [Boyer 1885]

1885 Steam whaling bark LUCRETIA of NB, Capt J.S. Carter, stood in at Pohnpei in Jan 30. Took on wood & water. Four hands were brought back to the ship drunk and clapped in irons. Left Pohnpei on Feb 6.[Kelley 1885]

Missionary steam barkentine MORNING STAR IV, Capt Isaiah Bray, visited Pohnpei on June 19. Signed on Henry Worth as 2nd mate and sailed on June 23. Returned to Pohnpei on Aug 31. Took aboard Rev Sturges, who was ill, as a passenger to Honolulu. Departed on Sept 5. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 1st Voyage of Missionary Steam Barkentine MS, 1885"]

German warship SMS ALBATROS, Capt Max Pluddemann, put in at Pohnpei on Oct 13. Raised the German flag over Pohnpei two days later and concluded a treaty with all five high chiefs who surrendered their sovereign rights to the German Government. Ship sailed to Pingelap where it announced German annexation on Oct 16. [Hamburch 1936: I, 193; Paszkowski 1971: 58; ABCFM 1852-1909: VI, Doane to J. Smith, 13 Oct 1885]