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KOSRAE

1793 British vessel SUGAR CANE, Capt Musgrave, on voyage from Australia to China. Island was seen at 5 2/3 N, 161 E. Discovery was recorded by Arrowsmith in 1798, but no report of Musgrave's voyage survives. [Sharp 1960: 176]

1801 Brig HOPE of New Haven, Capt Nathaniel Ray, on a trading voyage to China. In Nov or Dec sighted an island at 5 45'N, 163 40'E --probably Kosrae. [Bauza 1825: 53]

1804 Ship NANCY of Boston, Capt J. Cracker, on passage from Europe to Canton. Dec 20: Sighted a high island at 5 11'N, 1G2 58'E -- probably Kosrae. Named it "Strong's Is" after the Governor of Massachusetts. [Ward 1967: III, 534-8]

1807 Ship HOPE of NY, Capt Reuben Bromley, on a trading voyage to Fiji & China. Oct 3: Discovered a high island at 5 15'N, 165 17'E. Named it "Hope's Is." [Bromley 1808; Fanning 1838: 67-8]

1824 French corvette COQUILLE, Capt Louis Duperrey, on a scientific expedition to the Pacific. On June 3, put in at Kosrae, and two days later anchored at a harbor on tire west side of the island that was named for the ship. Officers end crew spent ten days exploring the island. Islanders showed astonishment, at the visitor's white skin and clothing. The French visited the paramount chief at Lele. Left on June 15. Lesson gives a long and valuable report on the physical appearance of the people, their material culture, social system, crafts and trades, burial practices, etc. He compares Palauan culture, as described by Keate, with Kosraen. [Lesson 1839: II, 457-522; Duperrey 1827: 56-61]

1827 Russian sloop SENYAVIN, commanded by Capt Fedor Lutke, on a scientific expedition around the world. On Dec 6, the ship put in at Kosrae, anchoring at Coquille Harbor. Natives came aboard and spirited away three belaying pins. The stolen articles were returned a few days later and friendly relations ensued. Russian officers went ashore to survey the island while completing their hydrographical work. After three weeks there, Lutke left Kosrae on Jan 1, 1828. Good description of native's dress and appearance, material culture, etc. [Lutke 1838: II , 1-28; Nozikov 1946: 123-31]

c1828 Whaleship MARY MITCHELL of Nantucket, Capt Timothy Upham. Visited Kosrae and put off a sailor ashore. [Forster 1975: 101]

1830 Trading schooner ANTARCTIC of NY, Capt Benjamin Morrell. On Feb 19, lay off Kosrae which they called "Hope's Island." Traded with natives. [Morrell 1832: 375; Morrell 1833: 41]

Whaleship JOHN BULL of Sydney, Capt Barkus, put in at Kosrae in Aug or Sept. Ten crew members, deserted there. [Riesenberg 1972: 14]

British whaleship CAROLINE of Sydney, Capt Thomas Swindells, put in at Kosrae in Nov or Dec. Natives came aboard with a white who had been landed ashore by Mary Mitchell. Natives traded breadfruit and coconuts for iron hoop. [Forster 1975: 101-2]

1832 British whaleship ALBION of Sydney, Capt Evans, lying at anchor off Kosrae on Apr 5. Left on Apr 26. [Cattlin 1836]

Whaling bark AUSTRALIAN of Port Jackson, Capt Edward Cattlin, put in at Kosrae on Apr 5. Took on water & wood and brought on some yams & taro. Several men deserted. Shipped three new hands and left Kosrae on Apr 26. [Cattlin 1836]

British whaleship ARKMORE(?) of Sydney lying at anchor at Kosrae on Apr 5. [Cattlin 1836]

British whaleship HASHMY, Capt Harwood, at anchor at Kosrae on Apr 11. [Cattlin 1836]

1833 English whaling bark NIMROD, Capt McAuliffe, put in at Kosrae in early Nov. Took aboard a white man who had been living ashore. One of the crew was nearly poisoned by natives. [Sydney Herald, 8 May 1834]

1834 Bark CLEMENTINE of Hawaii, Capt Jules Dudoit, put in at Kosrae - - possibly about Oct --to collect tortoise shell. "The people appeared amicable and well disposed to communicate with strangers." The bark may have put in again the following year. [The Friend, X (May 1853), 38]

1835 Brig WAVERLY of Hawaii, Capt Cathcart, on voyage in search of Capt Dowsett who was captured by natives of Bikini the year before. In Jan the Waverly put in at Kosrae where the ship was captured and crew murdered, purportedly because of Cathcart's abduction and drowning of a chief's daughter. [Ward 1967: III, 558-9; Surfert 1919: I, 4-5]

Schooner HONDURAS of BOSTON, Capt John Gordon Scott, put in at Kosrae on Aug 23. Natives boarded the ship and killed seven of the crew, while the captain and shore party of eight were murdered on the island. Honduras escaped to Pohnpei, however. Some weeks later the vessel returned and cruised around Kosrae, but made no contact with islanders. [Ward 1967: III, 541-2, 544-6; Sydney Gazette, 2 Aug 1836 and 13 Apr 1837]

1836 Whaleship FALCON of London, Capt C. Hingston, anchored at Kosrae about Feb or Mar. Remained in port for 120 days because of adverse winds. Continued on to Pohnpei after leaving Kosrae. [Sarfert 1919: I, 4]

1840 Whaleship CHARLES DREW of Fairhaven, Capt Nathaniel Bonnet, stood in for Kosrae on Mar 13. [Bonnet 1842]

c1840 British merchant ship SERINGAPATAM of London, Capt Courtenay, visited Kosrae. It was supposedly responsible for the introduction of venereal disease. According to the chief of Kosrae, the ship first introduced pigs to the island. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 7 July 1855; The Friend, X I ( N ov 1854), 82]

1842 Whaleship SHARON of Fairhaven, Capt Howes Norris. On Oct 6, lay off Kosrae for a day without anchoring. Canoes came off to trade and brought a few coconuts. [Norris 1845]

British whaleship HARRIET of London, Capt Charles Bunker, put in at Kosrae in about Sept. Four days after its arrival, tire natives took the ship while many of the crew were ashore. All crew members were killed and the ship burned. Rape and seizure of girls was allegedly the cause of the attack upon the ship. Interesting account of the attack and massacre by chief of Kosrae found in The Friend. [Ward 1967: III, 565-72; Sarfert 1919: 4-5; The Friend, XI (Nov 1854), 82]

1843 Whaleship PACIFIC of St John's, Capt Rounds, put in at Kosrae in Jan. Ship was weather-bound there for three months. "Natives appeared well-disposed and showed the crew much kindness." Two natives stowed away on ship at departure and told of the taking of Harriet. Ship made for the leeward side of the island and dragged for the Harriet until they found her remains. Left in Apr. [Ward 1967: III, 559-60, 568-72]

Whaling bark PEARL of Sippican, Capt Blakenship, came to anchor at Kosrae on Mar 13. Remained in port until late Apr. [Ward 1967: III, 568]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of Salem, Capt Hedge, put in at Kosrae on Mar 19. [Hedge 1844]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Isaac B. Hussey. Mar 20: Lay off & on Kosrae for a day. Sent a boat ashore. Oct 5: Returned to Kosrae and anchored in the harbor. Took on wood & water and repaired damaged hull of the ship. After four days of liberty, ship's hands refused duty, but were soon persuaded by the captain to return to work. Crew performed two theatrical productions for the people of the island. While raising anchor, ship's crew discovered the charred remains of the Harriet. Made sail on Oct 17. Macy's book describes visits of sailors to Kosraean homes, the wrestling matches and dances presented by the natives, and the preparations for a burial feast and pounding of kava. [Macy 1845; Macy 1877: 732-52]

British ship MARGARET of London, Capt Courtenay, standing in at Kosrae on Mar 20. Returned to Kosrae in early Oct, departing on Oct 17. Reportedly carried venereal disease to the island. [Macy 1845; ABC:FM 1852 - 1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 7 July 1855]

Whaling bark LEXINGTON of Providence, Capt John P. Jayne, put in at Kosrae on Apr 8. Took on wood & water and invited chief aboard ship. Made sail on Apr 28. [Jayne 1844; Ward 1967: III, 568]

Whaleship LYDIA of Nantucket, Capt B.C. Cathcart, anchored at Kosrae in early Apr. Helped drag for the Waverly which had been destroyed by the natives some time before. [Ward 1967: III, 559-60; Jayne 1844]

British whaleship SUSSEX of London, Capt Hammer, put in at Kosrae on Apr 21. Found there three American ships and a Canadian vessel; reported story of Harriet's fate. Put to sea on Apr 28. [Ward 1967: III, 568-72; Jayne 1844]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of Nantucket, Capt Seth Nickerson, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 6. Left Oct 17. [Macy 1845]

Barque ROSE of Halifax, Capt T.F. Wood, sighted Kosrae on Nov 21 at daybreak. Sailed around it trying to find the harbor at Lele. Harbor proved to be too dangerous for the ship, so captain moved on to Pohnpei. Natives not very friendly. [Levesque 1989:231]

1844 Whaleship WILMINGTON & LIVERPOOL PACKET of NB Capt Gilbert J. Place, put in at Kosrae on Feb 4. Left on Feb 25. [Brush 1844]

Unnamed British ship (possibly JAMES STEWART) put in at Kosrae on Feb 22. Dealings with natives were very peaceful, but several whites on island requested passage to Pohnpei for fear of their lives. Several observations on island customs, stone ruins, power of chiefs & religion. [Ward 1967: Ill, 574-7; The Friend, III (May 1845), 67]

JAMES STEWART lying at anchor at Kosrae on Feb 25. [Brush 1844]

Whaleship CORTES of NB, Capt John W. Hammond, passed close to Kosrae on Mar. 12. Two natives came out in a canoe but could not catch the ship. [Hammond 1846]

Whaleship HOWARD of Nantucket, Capt Alexander Bunker, anchored at Kosrae on Mar 31, but lost its anchor and left the same day. [Bunker 1846]

Whaleship WILLIAM PENN of Falmouth, Capt John C. Lincoln, in at Kosrae on Apr 18. Left on Apr 20. [Lincoln 1845]

Whaleship BALAENA of NB, Capt R. Manchester, put in at Kosrae on May 9. Took on several boatloads of wood. Traded with the natives, "giving them clothes, tobacco & iron hoops for coconuts & fruits." [Robbins 1845]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Isaac B. Hussey, anchored at Kosrae on Sept 27. Took on wood & water, and made sail on Oct 6. [Macy 1845]

British Ship MARGARET of London, Capt Courtenay, put in at Kosrae on Oct 6. (Macy 1845]

1845 Ship MINERVA, sailing from Port Jackson to China, put in at Kosrae in Aug for provisions. Canoes came out with two white men who treated the natives as slaves. Eugene Delessert, a passenger aboard Minvera, went ashore in an armed boat and traded small gifts with the natives. Unable to secure provisions, the ship left for Guam. Fair account of the visit. [Delessert 1848: 297-9; Sarfert 1919: I, 5]

1846 Whaleship LUCY ANNE of Greenport NY, Capt Edwin P. Brown, put in at Kosrae on Mar 12. Sent two boats ashore to trade for yams. One canoe came out. "Women offered to sell themselves for two plugs of tobacco." Ship forced to make sail the following day. [Brown 1847]

1847 Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Oliver C. Swain, put in at Kosrae on Sept 30. Remained at anchor for one month. [Swain 1849]

Whaleship ATHOL, Capt Coffin, sighted Kosrae on Oct 30. Wanted to stop for water but weather wouldn't allow it. [Levesque 1989:229, 236]

1848 Whaleship INEZ of NB, Capt William L. Jackson, put in at Kosrae on Jan 7. Found five ships in port, "more than the natives ever saw here at one time." Estimated a population of 1200 - 1500, but found people dying daily of an epidemic. The officers spent much time with the high chief who expressed his desire for a missionary. Brief description of the royal family is given. Ship left Kosrae in early Feb. [The Friend, VII (Feb 1849), 9-10]

Whaling bark HARVEST of Fairhaven, Capt Lakey, lying at anchor in Kosrae on Jan 7. Vessel was damaged as it entered reef. Crew went on strike for daily wages, but Capt Lakey got the men to resume work with the help of the chief. Seven hands stole a boat and made for Pohnpei. Shin left Kosrae on Feb 5. [The Friend, VII (Feb 1849), 9]

Whaleship ROWENA of Fall River, Capt Adams, put in at Kosrae on Feb 5. [The Friends, VII (Feb 1849), 9]

Whaleship JOHN JAY of Sag Harbor, Capt Harwood, put in at Kosrae on Feb 6. Left on Feb 15. [Harwood 1849]

1849 Whaleship BENGAL of New London, Capt Hempsted, lying off & on Kosrae on Jan 9. [Shearman 1850]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of New Bedford, Capt Seth Nickerson, put in at Kosrae on Feb 1. [Nickerson 1851]

Whaleship HERALD of Fairhaven, Capt Terry, put in at Kosrae on Oct 24. Seven ships lying off shore at the time. Made for sea on Oct 30. [Terry 1854]

Whaleship BARCLAY of Nantucket, Capt Eben Baker, put in on Dec 18. Took off two loads of wood and rafts with water. Put to sea on Jan 6, 1850. [Baker 1851]

1850 Whaling bark CAVALIER, Capt Thomas Dexter, put in at Kosrae on Feb 1. Crew spent much time ashore. Ship left Kosrae on Feb 16, bringing off a native of Rotuma. Fins description of extent of western influence on Kosrae, as well as of animals, stone fortifications, etc. Gives a report on the native girls and their experiences aboard ship. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of Nantucket, Capt Seth Nickerson, stood off Kosrae for one day on Feb 1. Put into shore with a boat. [Nickerson 1850]

Whaleship MENKAR of NB, Capt Thomas W. Norton, at Kosrae on Feb 1. [Norton 1851]

Whaleship BENJAMIN TUCKER of NB, Capt Daniel Wood, lay off Kosrae on Feb 2. Captain went ashore, but could not get off any recruits. Left on the following day. [Chapel 1851]

French whaleship TUSCANY lying at anchor at Kosrae in early Feb,Left on Feb 14. [Wilson 1850]

Whaling bark COLUMBUS of Fairhaven, Capt Crowell, put in at Kosrae in Feb. Remained in harbor for several weeks. [Wing 1851; Wilson 1850]

Whaleship ROMULUS of Mystic lying at anchor at Kosrae in Feb. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship SARAH of Mattapoisett, Mass, Capt Purrington, lying at anchor at Kosrae in Feb. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship SUPERIOR of New London, Capt Sloan, lying at anchor at Kosrae in Feb. A crew member tried to desert there. [Wilson 1850]

Whaleship LEVANT of Sag Harbor, Capt Lowen, lying at anchor at Kosrae in Feb. Still at anchor off Kosrae.on Mar 17. [Wilson 1850; Cook 1854]

Whaleship GOOD RETURN of NB, Capt Christopher Cook, put in at Kosrae on Mar 17. Ship left on Mar 29. [Wing 1851]

Whaleship BRAMIN of NB, Capt Butts, at anchor at Kosrae on Mar 18. [Wing 1851]

Ship GRANT lying at anchor at Kosrae on Mar. 18. [Wing 1851]

French naval corvette BAYONNAISE, Capt Jurien de la Graviere, en route to Macao. Mar 21: Anchored at Lele. King George visited the ship and was given a new uniform and a bottle of brandy. The crew was entertained ashore by the King. The French left potatoes, rice and beans to be planted in exchange for provisions from the natives. Ship left on Mar 28. Extensive observations on islanders' religious beliefs, political system, social divisions, and every other aspect of their life. [Graviere 1854: II, 285- 315]

Whaleship BOWDITCH of Warren, Capt Nelson Waldron, visited Kosrae on Apr. 9. Traded with the natives and took on coconuts, yams & hogs. Ship put to sea on Apr. 20. [Newman 1852; Wood 1852]

Whalship FALCON of NB, Capt Abner Smith, put in at Kosrae on Apr 10. Several of the crew attempted to desert, but were caught by the islanders and returned to the ship. [Newman 1852; Wood 1852]

Whaleship MARY FRAZIER of NB, Capt Haggerty, put in at Kosrae on Apr 18. [Newman 1852]

HABEORICOCK, Capt Caloft, put in at Kosrae about June. Estimates population at 1500, with four foreigners living there. "Population is decreasing through prevalence of colds, consumption, & other diseases." [Ward 1967: III, 578; The Friend, VIII (Sept 18501, 68]

Whaleship HERALD of Fairhaven, Capt Charles Terry, put in at Kosrae On Oct 6. Took on a raft of water and stood out to sea on Oct 23. [Terry 1854]

Whaleship PLANTER of Nantucket, Capt Isaac B. Hussey, put in at Kosrae on Nov 15. The Planter put Capt Hussey ashore where he lived for the next two years. Shortly before, a mutiny had occurred in which Hussey killed one of his crew. Ship took on provisions and shipped two deserters from Emily Morgan before leaving on Dec 6. [Jones 1861: 147-9; Paddack 1893: 139-41]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Prince Ewer, put in at Kosrae on Dec 11."King George" came aboard to greet crew. Two hands deserted. Ship departed on Dec 22. A few days after leaving, the mate died and was thought to have been poisoned by a native. A good description of the islanders and their customs. [Jones 1861: 120-40]

Whaleship GEORGE CHAMPLIN Of Newport, Capt Swain, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Dec 22. Shipped two deserters from Emily Morgan. [Jones 1861: 140]

Whaleship MARY FRAZIER of NB, Capt Haggerty, put in at Kosrae on Dec 23. Remained in port until Apr 23, 1851. [Jones 1861: 140]

1851 English bark MARIA LAURA of Hobart, Capt Mansfield, arrived on Feb 1. Left on Apr 23. [Jones 1861: 146]

Whaling bark WOLGA of Fairhaven, Capt Grafton Luce, in at Kosrae on Feb 13. "Spent a day laying off and on in hopes that the natives would come off to trade," but none did. [Luce -1852]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Prince Ewer, visited Kosrae again on Mar 30. Met Capt Hussey ashore. Noted improvements on island, including a new bowling alley. Description of Kosraen feast. Ship left on Apr 23. [Jones 1861: 146-53]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Prince Ewer, put in at Kosrae for the third time on Oct 12. Chief's son attempted to poison the crew when told that a man-of-war would be sent to punish him for previous murder. Ship left Kosrae on Oct 19. Description of wild boar hunt and a falling out between chief's wife and one of the crew. [Jones 1861: 191-7]

Whaling bark HARVEST of NB, Capt Almy, put in at Kosrae on Nov 12. Two men ran away, but were captured by the "King" and sent aboard again. Two others were discharged. Left on Nov 28. [Almy 1854]

Whaleship DESDEMONA of NB, Capt Beckerman, put in at Kosrae on Dec 12. [Ward 1967: I I I, 581]

Whaling bark JASPER of NB, Capt Rotch, was at anchor at Kosrae on Dec 12. Left Jan 4. [Ward 1967: I I I, 581]

1852 Whaling brig INGA of NB, Capt Barnes, put in at Kosrae on Jan 4. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship MARCELLO of Greenport, Capt Thornton, put in at Kosrae on Jan 16. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship VESPER of Cold Spring, Capt House, in at Kosrae on Jan 16. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaler WILLIAM THOMPSON of NB, Capt Jernegen, put in at Kosrae on Jan 20. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaling bark ALFRED TYLER of NB, Capt Luce, put in at Kosrae on Jan 28. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship SHEFFIELD of Cold Spring, Capt Royce, put in at Kosrae on Feb 10. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship SPLENDID of Cold Spring, Capt Smith, in at Kosrae on Feb 10. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship HERALD of Fairhaven, Capt Charles Terry, put in at Kosrae on May 22. Took on wood & water. Made for sea on July 1. [The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83; Terry 1854]

Whaling bark EUREKA of SF, Capt Page, put in at Kosrae on June 26. Left for Hongkong on July 6 with cargo of sandalwood, beche-de-mer & turtle shell. [Ward 1967: III, 583; The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83; Terry 1854]

Brig WILLIAM PENN of SF, Capt I.B. Hussey, sailed from Kosrae on July 6 after reoutfitting for whaling voyage. Hussey, who had been living in Kosrae for two years previously, signed on as ship master there. Shortly after leaving Kosrae, Hussey was killed in a mutiny. [Ward 1967: I II, 583; Jones 1861: 250, 261-2; Paddack 1893: 152-3]

Whaleship ATLANTIC of Nantucket, Capt Zenas M. Coleman, in at Kosrae on Aug 15. [Ward 1967: II I, 585; The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Schooner CAROLINE of Honolulu, Capt H.J. Holdsworth, visited Kosrae 0o Aug 22. Left Rev Snow and his wife there to found the first mission. Returned to Kosrae for another brief visit in early Oct, departing on Oct 15. [Ward 1967: IV, 452; The Friend , X (Dec 1852), 83; HMCS 1853-1947: L. Snow to S. Sturges, 27 Nov 1852]

Whaleship NAPOLEON of Nantucket, Capt Holly, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Sept 30. [Ward 1967: III, 585; The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship NARRAGANSET of Nantucket, Capt James Coleman, visited Kosrae on Oct 15. [Ward 1967: III, 585-6; The Friend, X (Dec 1852), 83]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Prince Ewer. Oct 26: Visited Kosrae for the 4th time on this voyage. Learned that Rev Snow had arrived since last visit. Found several natives of Rotuma living in Kosrae. [Jones 1861: 250 - 4]

Whaleship CHARLES W. MORGAN of NB, Capt John D. Sampson, in at Kosrae in Oct. Left on Oct 26. [Jones 1861: 250; Haley 1951: 150-85]

Whaleship ROSCOE of NB, Capt William C. Hayden, in at Kosrae towards the end of Oct. Left Kosrae on Dec 2, [Ward 1967: III, 588; HiViCS 1853-1947: L. Snow to S. Sturges, 27 Nov 1852]

Whaleship CANTON of NB, Capt Henry B. Folger, put in at Kosrae on Nov 24. Took on supplies of taro & breadfruit. Made for sea on Dec 9. [Ward 1967: III, 588; Folger 1855]

GENII of Sydney, Capt John Brown, on a trading voyage, touched at Kosrae in Nov or Dec. For unknown reasons, the ship was abandoned at Kosrae. King George would not allow the crew to remain on shore so they set out in a canoe for Pohnpei. [Ward 1967: IV, 362]

Whaling bark ITALY of Greenport Capt Rowley, in at Kosrae in late Dec. Remained in port until late Jan. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to N. Dole, 18 Jan 1853; HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to A.A. Sturges, 26 Dec 1852 ]

Whaleship GAY HEAD of NB, Capt Wood, visited Kosrae. Reportedly put ashore an Englishman by the name of Andrew who died in 1854 during visit of Sea Shell. [Wheldon 1856]

Whaling bark BLACK WARRIOR of New London, Capt Lyon, in at Kosrae. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855]

1853 Bark LORD DUNCAN of London, Capt Barton, in at Kosrae on Jan 5. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855]

British man-of-war HMS SERPENT, Cmdr L.U. Hammet, put in at Kosrae on Jan 11 to obtain provisions and find information on fate of Waverly. Serpent remained two days. Learned details of burning of the Waverly & Harriet some years before. Received information on several whites who formerly lived in Kosrae. Fair description of the island. Notes the presence of syphilis among natives. [Hammet 1854: 62-5; Hammet 1853]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Prince Ewer, lay off Kosrae in Jan. Remained in port several weeks. [Hammet 1854: 66; HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 7 Mar 1853]

Whaleship WAVERLY of NB, Capt Ephraim W. Kempton, in at Kosrae on Feb 1. Made sail on Mar 6. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855; Terry 1854]

Whaleship GRATITUDE of NB, Capt J.B. Cornell, put in at Kosrae, coming to anchor "off the King's palace" on Feb 13. Left Kosrae on Mar 16. [Cornell 1853]

Whaleship ALFRED GIBBS of NB, Capt Isaac H. Jenney, put in at Kosrae on Feb 16, Left on Mar 6. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855; Jenney 1854; Terry 1854]

Whaling bark GLOBE of NB, Capt William Handy, put in at Kosrae on Feb 19. Bought 20 bbls of taro & yams. Departed on Feb 28. [Handy 1855]

Whaleship HERALD of Fairhaven, Capt Alex Harlow, anchored at Kosrae on Mar 4. The 2nd mate was drowned in attempting to reach the Paragon when it struck the reef. Made for sea on Mar 29. Returned to Kosrae on Oct 8. Shipped five seamen and took on wood & water. Departed on Oct 27. [Terry 1854; Ward 1967: III, 597]

Whaleship NARRAGANSET of Nantucket, Capt James Coleman, put in at Kosrae on Mar 7. Returned to Kosrae on Oct 8. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 7 Mar 1853; Terry 1854]

Whaleship CHARLES W. MORGAN of NB, Capt Sampson, at anchor at Kosrae on Mar 7. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 7 Mar 1853]

Whaleship JOHN HOWLAND of NB, Capt Alex Taylor, put in at Kosrae on Mar 18. Captain went ashore to trade. Left after a few days. [Taylor 1854]

Schooner WILLIAM BARRY (?) at Kosrae in early Mar. Struckthe reef in trying to get out, but was gotten off. Left on Mar 22. [Terry 1854]

Whaling bark PARAGON of Nantucket, Capt Thomas Nelson, was wrecked on Mar 20 when the ship drifted onto a reef at Kosrae. [Ward 1967: III, 589, 593]

Whaleship ATKINS ADAMS of Fairhaven, Capt Fish, visited Kosrae in July. Again put in at Kosrae on Oct 8, making sail on Oct 14. [Fish 1854; Terry 1854]

Whaleship CANTON II of NB, Capt Henry Folger, in at Kosrae on Oct 8. Sailed on Oct 14. [Ward 1967: III, 597; Terry 1854]

British ship DUKE OF CORNWALL, bound for Sydney, in at Kosrae about Oct 10. Made for sea on Oct 15. [Terry 1854]

1854 Whaleship JOHN & ELIZABETH of New London, Capt Long, in at Kosrae on Feb 1. [The Friend, XI (Nov 1854), 82]

Whaleship ROSCOE of NB, Capt William C. Hayden, put in at Kosrae on Feb 19. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 19 Sept 1854]

Whaleship GAY HEAD of NB, Capt Richard D. Wood, put in at Kosrae on Feb 28. Left ashore a sick seaman. After taking on water & wood, the ship left on Mar 2. [Wood 1856]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of Nantucket, Capt Horace Nickerson, put in at Kosrae on Mar 2. Traded for 13 hogs. Steward deserted but was captured by natives and returned aboard. Left Kosrae on Mar 19. [Nickerson 1856]

Whaleship MARGARET SCOTT of NB, Capt B.C. Eldridge, put in at Kosrae on Mar 8. Three hands were sick with smallpox. Captain allegedly allowed natives to come aboard ship despite disease. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 8 Apr 1854]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Joseph B. Chase, put in at Kosrae on Apr 15. "There is nothing to be obtained here but a few taro & coconuts and wood & water." Left for Pohnpei on Apr 17. [Ray 1855]

Whaleship BARCLAY of Nantucket, Capt David Cottle, put in at Kosrae on June 17. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, 3 Dec 1854]

Whaleship DESDEMONA of NB, Capt John Ellis, put in at Kosrae on Sept 15. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, 3 Dec 1854]

Whaleship OCEAN of NB, Capt William C.. Fuller, put in at Kosrae on Sept 23. Discharged a seaman who was ill and stood to sea on Oct 5. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855; Fuller 1856]

Whaling bark SEA SHELL of Warren, Capt William Martin, put in at Kosrae on Oct 12. Interesting remarks on missionary work and general conditions. at Kosrae. [Wheldon 1856]

Whaleship LOUISIANA of NB, Capt Norton, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 16. Mate deserted there. [Wheldon 1856]

Whaleship OTHELLO of NB, Capt Norton, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 16. Mate deserted there. [Wheldon 1856]

Whaleship ELIZABETH of NB, Capt Baker, put in at Kosrae in Nov. [ABCFM 1852-1909: I I, B.G. Snow to Dole, 24 Dec 1854]

British steamer UNICORN of Sydney, Capt Gooch, bound for Hongkong via Pohnpei, put in at Kosrae on Dec 18. [Ward 1967: VI, 172, 179; ABCFM 1852-1909: I I, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 19 Sept 1854]

Whaleship POLAR STAR of NB, Capt Joseph Holley, put in at Kosrae on Dec 24. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, 24 Dec 1854]

Whaling bark EDWARD of NB, Capt Abner Smith, in at Kosrae in Dec. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855]

Whaleship SYREN QUEEN of Fairhaven, Capt Ira Lakey, in at Kosrae in Dec. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855]

1855 Whaleship CICERO of NB, Capt Forbes W. Manchester, stood off Kosrae on Jan 15. Lay off & on the island for five days before sailing for Mokil on Jan 21. [Manchester 1856]

Whaleship OCEAN of Warren, Capt Norton, in at Kosrae on Jan 16. Again visited the island in Apr. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, May 1855; Manchester 1856]

Whaleship MOREA of NB, Capt Thomas B. Peabody, in at Kosrae on Jan 21. [Peabody 1857]

Whaling bark FAVORITE of Fairhaven, Capt Shubael Spooner, put in at Kosrae on Jan 10. Left the next day. [Spooner 1857]

Whaling bark ACTIVE of NB, Capt Thomas Morrison, put in at Kosrae in Jan. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, May 1855]

Whaleship J.E. DONNELL of NB, Capt John Charry, put in at Kosrae in Jan. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, May 1855]

Whaling bark EDWARD of NB, Capt Abner Smith, put in at Kosrae on Feb 6. [HMCS 1853- 1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 6 Feb 1855]

Whaleship SYREN QUEEN of Fairhaven, Capt Ira Lakey, in at Kosrae on Feb 9. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 6 Feb 1855]

Whaleship GAY HEAD of NB, Capt Richard D. Wood, put in at Kosrae on Feb 18. Captain had trouble with mutinous sailors and was forced to borrow leg irons from the "king." Left Kosrae on Mar 17. [Wood 1856]

Whaleship MASSACHUSETTS of NB, Capt J.E. Bennett, again put in at Kosrae on Feb 26. Took on three passengers bound for Pohnpei. Ship left the next day. [Bennett 1856]

Whaleship CHARLES CARROLL of SF, Capt Hunting, in at Kosrae in Feb. Capt Hunting reputedly gave liquor to the native who piloted the Paragon in just before this ship went aground. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, July 1855]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt Willis Howes, put in at Kosrae on Mar 9. A canoe came off and the natives urged the captain to anchor. Captain went ashore the next day and returned to ship with a few bananas & oranges. [Howes 1856]

Whaleship GRATITUDE of NB, Capt J.B. Cornell, arrived in Kosrae on Apr 1. Went aground there, damaging bottom and rudder. After repairs, it left on May 5 and made for Hawaii. [Ward 1967: III, 599; ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dole, May 1855]

Whaling bark GENTLEMAN of Sag Harbor, Capt Cartwright, in at Kosrae in Apr. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Dote, May 1855]

Whaleship SEA SHELL of Warren, Capt William Martin, put in at Kosrae again on Aug 29. Purchased a bull from the chief and turtle meat from the natives. [Wheldon 1856]

Whaleship MARTHA of NB, Capt Francis Smith, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Aug 31. [Wheldon 1856]

American whaleship BELLE of Fairhaven, Capt Handy, arrived in Kosrae on Oct 6 with the Piersons and a Hawaiian. Missionaries were landed at Kosrae. Ship remained at the island for some months trading in coconut oil. [Ward 1967: III, 598; IV, 365-6, 423-8; Pierson 1858: 91-2]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Enoch Ackley, visited on Oct 22. Took on water and wood. Left on Nov 3. [Ackley 1857]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Joseph B. Chase, put in at Kosrae on Dec 3. Took on provisions. Windbound for over three months before finally getting out in Mar 9, 1856. [Chase 1859]

1856 Whaleship OROZIMBO of NB, Capt Lafayette Rowley, put in at Kosrae on Jan 1. Brought Rev Sturges and Doane for mission meeting. Left for Ponpae on Jan 8. [Chase 1859; ABCFM 1852-1909: II, A.A. Sturges to Anderson, 14 Jan 1856]

Whaleship ATLANTIC of Nantucket, Capt Zenas M. Coleman, lying off Kosrae on Mar 8. [Chase 1859]

Whaleship GRATITUDE of NB, Capt John B. Cornell, put in at Kosrae on Jan 7. Left on Mar 8. [Chase 1859]

Whaleship FLORIDA of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas W. Williams, put in at Kosrae on Jan 10. Took on provisions and replated the ship. Crew members of Florida and two other ships in port formed a conspiracy to desert ship but were found out by the captain. Ringleaders were put in irons. Left on Mar 10 for Guam and Hongkong. Good description of Kosrae. [Williams 1858; HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 18 Mar 1857]

Whaleship CORINTHIAN of NB, Capt Thomas N. Russell, stood in for land at Kosrae on Jan 26. Left the same day. [Tripp 1858]

Whaleship WASHINGTON of NB, Capt Richard Holley, put in at Kosrae on Feb 3. Boat went ashore and took on provisions. Left the same day. [Holley 1857]

Whaleship ROUSSEAU of NB, Capt.Charles S. Pope, put in at Kosrae on Feb 3. Took on water & wood. Put to sea on Feb 17. [Selby 1857]

Whaleship PACIFIC of Fairhaven, Capt Moses Snell, made anchor at Kosrae on Feb 4. The crew event fishing & hunting for supply of fresh meat. Three men deserted, but were brought back in irons by the chief. Made sail on Feb 24. [Snell 1857]

Whaleship MARTHA of Fairhaven, Capt Meader, stood off Kosrae for a day on Feb 21. Unable to get provisions, Martha sailed on towards Pohnpei. [Meader 1857]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Charles C. Ray, lay off Kosrae on Apr 15. Sent a boat ashore but found little to purchase, so the ship departed the following day. Returned to Kosrae on Sept 30 and came to anchor in port. 11 men deserted, but all were caught and returned to the ship. Put to sea on Oct 20. [Payne 1858; Ray 1860]

Whaleship OCEAN ROVER of Nantucket, Capt Charles A. Veeder, lying at anchor on Aug 20. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II. G. Pierson to Anderson, 20 Aug 1856; Payne 1858; Veeder 1858]

Whaleship VIRGINIA of NB, Capt Thomas M. Peakes, arrived at Kosrae in early Sept Repaired damage done when the ship hit a reef. Ready for sea by Oct 16. [Ward 1967: III, 495-7; Fish 1858]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Enoch Ackley, put in at Kosrae on Sept 13. Several hands deserted but were recaptured. Others were discharged by mutual consent. Twenty ships at anchor when the 'Potomac' left on Oct 12. [Ackley 1857]

Whaleship MONTICELLO of Nantucket, Capt Eben Baker, put in at Kosrae on Sept 26. High chief died after a few days' illness. Describes stone ruins on Kosrae. Departed on Oct 20. [Payne 1858]

Whaleship MINERVA of NB lying at anchor at Kosrae on Sept 26. Left on Oct 10. [Fish 1858; Payne 1858]

Whaling bark WINSLOW of NB, Capt William Watson, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Sept 26. [Payne 1858]

Whaleship EMILY MORGAN of NB, Capt Joseph B. Chase, put in at Kosrae on Sept 30. 1st mate and a seaman left ship to live ashore. Bought hogs, coconuts & yams from the islanders. Left Kosrae on Nov 13. [Chase 1859]

Whaleship YOUNG HERO of Nantucket put in at Kosrae on Sept 30. [Payne 1858]

Whaleship MAYFLOWER of SF, Capt Gardner, in at Kosrae on Oct 1. 2nd & 3rd mates were discharged because of mutiny. Sailed on Oct 10. [Ward 1967: III, 601; Chase 1859; Payne 1858; Fish 1858]

Whaleship WINTHROP of Fairhaven, Capt Isaacher H. Akin, anchored at Kosrae on Oct 2. [Chase 1859; Fish 1858]

Whaling bark APPHIA MARIA of Nantucket, Capt Charles H. Chase, lay off & on Kosrae on Oct 2. [Chase 1859; Fish 1858; Payne 1856]

Whaleship ATLANTIC of Nantucket, Capt Zenas M. Coleman, put in at Kosrae on Oct 4. 20 other ships at anchor. Took on wood & water. Left Nov 17. [Coleman 1858; Payne 1858]

Whaleship OCEAN ROVER of Nantucket, Capt Charles A. Veeder, put in at Kosrae on Oct 4. Found 20 ships at the harbor. After being windbound, stood out to sea on Nov 16. [Weeder 1858]

Whaleship ISAAC HOWLAND of NB, Capt Reuben R. Hobbs, put in at Kosrae on Oct 4. Five crew members deserted in the ship's boat, and one of the officers was discharged because of poor relations with the captain. Left Kosrae on Nov 12. [Hobbs 1859]

Whaleship AWASHONKS of Falmouth, Mass., Capt Tobey, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 5. [Fish 1858]

Whaleship EMILY CORNING of NB, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 5. Departed on Oct 20. [ Fish 1858; Payne 1858]

Whaleship JOSEPH BUTLER of NB, Capt Arthur F. White, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 5. [Fish 1858]

Whaleship OTHELLO of NB, Capt John A. Beckerman, visited Kosrae on Sept 19. Left on Oct 11. [Fish 1858; Chase 1859; Ackley 1857]

Whaleship POTOMAC of Nantucket, Capt Enoch Ackley, in at Kosrae on Oct 5. Left Oct 11. [Payne 1858; Chase 1859]

Whaleship TWO BROTHERS of NB, Capt John D. Childs put in at Kosrae on Sept 22. Still lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 5. [Fish 1858; Ackley 1857]

Whaleship ZONE of Fairhaven, Capt Moses R. Fish, put in at Kosrae on Oct 5. Windbound for several days in harbor. Finally got out on Nov 17. [Fish 1858; Payne 1858]

Whaling bark ROSCOE of NB, Capt Alfred M. Coffin, in at Kosrae on Oct 15. [The Friend, XIV (June 1857), 48]

Whaling bark HARVEST of NB, Capt F.H. Winslow, came to anchor at Kosrae on Nov 10. [Chase 1859]

Whaleship NORTHERN LIGHT of Fairhaven, Capt E.A. Chapel, in at Kosrae in late Dec. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 18 Mar 1857]

1857 Whaleship GRATITUDE of NB, Capt John B. Cornell, in at Kosrae on Feb 14. [HMCS 1853- 1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 18 Mar 1857]

Whaleship FLORIDA of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas W. Williams, in at Kosrae in Feb. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 18 Mar 1857]

Whaling bark HARVEST of NB, Capt F.H. Winslow, put in at Kosrae on Mar 18. [HMCS 1853- 1947: B.G. Snow to Clark, 18 Mar 1857]

Whaleship COMMODORE MORRIS of Falmouth, Capt Lewis H. Lawrence, put in at Kosrae on Sept 8. Departed on Oct 3. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, S.G. Moore to Anderson, 12 Aug. 1857]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt S.G. Moore, visited Kosrae on its first voyage to Micronesia. Anchored on Sept 8. Found two whites and some natives of Rotuma engaged in hostilities with the island chief. The missionaries offered to mediate between the two hostile parties. Left Kosrae on Sept 15. Returned after visiting Pohnpei, remaining Oct 26 - Nov 3. [Ward 1967: IV. 367. 375-8; Moore 1858: 451-3; Bingham 1858: 179]

Whaling bark JOSEPH BUTLER of NB, Capt Arthur F. White, in at Kosrae on Nov 3. [The Friend, XV (Feb 1858), 16]

Whaleship NORMAN of Nantucket, Capt Charles C. Ray, lay off Kosrae on Nov 29. The captain went ashore and returned the following day. [Ray 1860]

Brig EMILY HORT of Tahiti, Capt Sutton, in at Kosrae in Nov. [The Friend, XV (Feb 1858), 16]

1858 Whaling bark SEA SHELL of Warren, Capt Paul Ware, put in at Kosrae on Feb 19. Took on provisions for the next few days. Set sail on Mar 11. [Ware 1860a; Ware 1860b]

Whaling bark SUPERIOR of NB, Capt Richard Wood, dropped anchor at Kosrae on Mar 19. Took on provisions and made for sea on Mar 31. Returned to Kosrae on Dec 5. Took on wood, water & hogs. Left Dec 21. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 8 Jan 1859; Wood 1860]

Trading schooner PFEIL of Honolulu, Capt F. W. Danelsberg, put in at Kosrae on Mar 20. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 25 Mar 1858]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt John W. Brown, put in at Kosrae on July 7. Left for Pohnpei on July 11. Returned to Kosrae for the general mission meeting, remaining from July 27 to Aug 8. Returned for the 3rd time on Oct 12, departing on Oct 15. [Ward 1967: IV, 372-3; The Friend,. XV (Feb 1859), 13-4; Nautical Magazine, XXVIII (June 1859), 281-7]

English trading schooner BLACK DOG of Sydney, Capt Abby, in at Kosrae on Sept 3, "carrying native women and rum." Left on Sept 6. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaling bark ROSCOE of NB, Capt Alfred M. Coffin, was at Kosrae on Sept 28. Left for New Zealand the next day. Took Dr Pierson for Ebon. [Ward 1967: III, 602]

Whaling bark JOSEPH BUTLER of NB, Capt,Arthur F. White, in at Kosrae on Oct 12. [The Friend, XVI (Feb 1859), 16]

Whaleship YOUNG HECTOR of NB, Capt Charles H. Hager, lay off Kosrae on Dec 2 repairing sails. [Hager 1861]

1859 Whaling bark MIDAS of NB, Capt Joseph R. Tallman, put in at Kosrae on Jan 19. The chief came aboard, afterwards ordering his people to help the crew gather wood. Captain purchased two hogs. Put to sea on Jan 26. [Bryant 1860; Tuttle 1860]

Whaleship CHINA of NB, Capt John W. Thompson, in at Kosrae in Jan or Feb. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 10 Jan 1860]

Whaling bark BELLE of Fairhaven, Capt Roswell Brown, anchored at Kosrae on Feb 12. Took on wood. Ship left Feb 19. [Brown, Ros 1862]

Whaling bark RIPPLE of New London, Capt Chadwick, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Feb 12. [Brown, Ros 1862]

Whaleship ELIZA ADAMS of NB, Capt Reuben T. Thomas, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Feb 12. Ship left on Feb 17. [Brown, Ros 1862]

Whaleship DANIEL WOOD of NB, Capt Thomas Morrison, put in at Kosrae on Feb 15. Ship sailed on Feb 17. [ABCFM 1852-1909: II, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 8 Jan 1859; Brown, Ros 1862]

Whaleship LEXINGTON of Nantucket, Capt James Fisher, put in at Kosrae on Mar 5, Took on new crew members. On Apr 1, as ship was leaving, it struck a reef and broke up. A native swam to ship and saved crew. Most of the crew returned to Guam & Honolulu on whaleship Vesper, but three mates and a Kanaka built a ship from the wreck -- Flying Fox -- and sailed to Hongkong. [Ward 1967: III, 603-7]

Whaling bark ENDEAVOUR of NB, Capt Richard C. Wilson, put in at Kosrae on Mar 27. Sailed off the next day. [Bleaderheiser 1860]

Whaleship VESPER of New London, Capt George Bailey, was in Kosrae on Apr 1 when Lexington was wrecked. Departed on Apr 10, bringing Lexington's crew to Guam and Honolulu. Again put in at Kosrae on Dec 1, remaining until Jan 1860. [Ward 1967: III, 604; ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 8 Dec 1859; Soule 1862]

US naval schooner FENIMORE COOPER, Cmdr Brooke, on a surveying expedition, in at Kosrae in Apr. [The Friend, XVI (Dec 1859), 72]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt John W. Brown, on its 3rd voyage, visited Kosrae on Sept 28. Departed for Pohnpei on Oct 1. Returned to Kosrae on its cruise eastward on Oct 26. Took on two shipwrecked seaman from the Lexington and departed on Oct 28. [The Friend, XVII (Feb 1860), 12-3]

Whaling bark SUPERIOR of NB, Capt Richard D. Wood, anchored at Kosrae on Dec 27. Took aboard 114 bbls of whale oil from the shipwrecked Lexington. Shipped three Cook Island natives. Put to sea on Jan 27. [Ward 1967: IV, 458-60; Wood 1860]

1860 Whaleship FLORENCE, Capt Spence, touched at Kosrae in Jan. [Roberts 1857-1865: Journal of E.P. Roberts]

Whaleship MONTREAL of NB, Capt Nathaniel W. Soule, at anchor at Kosrae on Jan 5. [Soule 1862]

Whaleship MARIA THERESA of NB, Capt Henry J. Coop, lay off & on Kosrae on Feb 15. Could not anchor because of bad weather. Took on board a Mr Thomas Burns as 4th mate. [Coop 1860]

Whaleship FLORIDA of Fairhaven, Capt Thomas W. Williams, anchored off Kosrae on Feb 24. Captain stayed with the Snows and visited "king and two wives." Left the next day. Description of the chief's house and surroundings. [Williams 1861: 113-5]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, put in at Kosrae on July 8. Found there two canoes of natives from Pingelap who were sailing to 149arshalls. Left for Pohnpei on July 16. Returned to Kosrae on Aug 13, leaving the next day. [The Friend, XVI I f Nov 1860), 83]

1861 Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, put in at Kosrae on June 14. Carried to Kosrae the first book printed in that language. Left June 20 for Pohnpei. [Missionary Herald, LVIII (Dec 1861), 371; The Friend, XVIII (Sept 1861), 48; Ward 1967: IV, 401]

Whaling bark ALABAMA of Nantucket, Capt Alfred M. Coffin, in at Kosrae in Oct. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 17 Oct 1861]

Whaleship DESDEMONA of NB, Capt Franklin Bates, in at Kosrae about Oct. [ABCFM 1852- 1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 17 Oct 1861]

1862 Whaling bark ADDISON of NB, Capt John C. Peirce, put in at Kosrae in early July. Left behind a Marshallese woman. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 15 July 1862]

Whaling bark ALABAMA of Nantucket, Capt Alfred M. Coffin,put in at Kosrae again in early July. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 15 July 1862]

Whaleship DESDEMONA of NB, Capt Franklin Bates, put in at Kosrae in July. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 15 July 1862]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, put in at Kosrae on July 18. Left almost immediately for Pohnpei with Rev Snow and family aboard. Snow was transferred to Ebon where he would start a mission station. Morning Star returned to Kosrae on Aug 7, remaining for a week or two. Carried Rev Snow & family to Ebon. [The Friend, XIX (Dec 1862), 90-1]

Bark GERMAN, Capt Lubbers, in at Kosrae in July or Aug. [The Friend, XIX (Dec 1862), 90]

1863 Whaling bark CICERO of NB, Capt John R. Stivers, put in at Kosrae on Feb 3, Took on a few yams and left the next day. [Stivers 1865]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, in at Kosrae in June. [The Friend, XX (Oct 1863), 76]

Whaleship GAY HEAD of NB, Capt Lawrence, in at Kosrae in June or July. [The Friend, XX (Oct 1863), 76]

1864 Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt Samuel James, put in at Kosrae on Jan 5. Brought Rev Snow from Ebon for a short visit. Returned to Kosrae on Feb 6, after visiting Pohnpei area, and left on Feb 13. [James 1864: 432-5]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt C.W. Gelett, visited Kosrae in Nov. [The Friend, XXII (Feb 1865), 8-10]

1865 Whaleship CHARLES ,W M ORGAN of NB, Capt Thomas C. Landers, stood off Kosrae on Jan 19 and "traded for some hogs & coconuts." Again put in on Dec 29. Capt & wife went ashore to trade. Left the next day. [Landers 1866]

Whaling bark ALABAMA of Nantucket, Capt Alfred W. Coffin, visited Kosrae in Jan. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Anderson, 16 Jan 1865]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR, Capt Samuel James, put in at Kosrae on Sept 8. Brought Rev Snow for a visit there. Left the same day. Returned to Kosrae on Oct 5 and spent a few days in port, leaving on Oct 11. [The Friend, XXIII (Jan 1866), 2-3]

Schooner PFEIL of Hawaii, Capt F.W. Danelsberg, in at Kosrae on Sept 30. [HMCS 1853- 1947: B.G. Snow to Gulick, 30 Sept 1865]

1866 Schooner PFEIL of Hawaii, Capt Ziegenhirt, chartered by ABCFM to visit mission stations, put in at Kosrae in Oct. [The Friend, XXIV (Aug 1867), 76-7 ]

Whaleship ILLINOIS of NB, Capt Joshua Davis, in at Kosrae around Oct. Crew assisted in building new chapel there. [ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Clark, 3 Dec 1867]

1867 Whaleship WASHINGTON of NB, Capt Silas G. Baker, put in at Kosrae on Feb 14 to make repairs on keel. Brought Rev Snow from Ebon. Ship departed on Feb 26. [Missionary Herald, LXIII (Sept 1867), 291; HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Gulick, 19 Feb 1867]

Unnamed German whaleship, en route to Japan, touched at Kosrae on Mar 1. [HMCS 1853- 1947: B.G. Snow to Gulick, 19 Feb 1867]

Trading, brig BLOSSOM of Honolulu, Capt Ben Pease, put in at Kosrae on Mar 10 for a day or two. Returned to Kosrae on Apr 15 for another short visit. Capt Pease claimed that he would "drive every missionary from Micronesia." On Oct 22, the schooner visited Kosrae the 3rd time on its return from Honolulu. Pease tried to persuade the chief of Kosrae to allow him to open a trading station, but the chief refused. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Gulick, 12 Mar 1867, 15 Apr 1867, 29 Oct 1867; The Friend, XXIV (Aug 18671, 72]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR II, Capt H. Bingham, put in at Kosrae on Sept 18. Returned to Kosrae on Oct 21. New stone church was dedicated there. Sailed for the Marshalls on Nov 2. [The Friend, XXV (Mar 1868), 21-2; ABCFM 1852-1909: III, Bingham's Journal aboard MS, 1 July 1867 ]

Whaleship EMMA C. JONES of NB, Capt Ezra Gifford, in at Kosrae on Sept 20. [The Friend, XXV (Feb 1868), 13; and (Mar 1868), 21]

British vessel DUNDONALD of Sydney, Capt Kewley, touched at Kosrae on Oct 24. [Ward 1967: VII, 350]

1868 Whaling bark STEPHANIA of NB, Capt James A. Sinclair, put in at Kosrae on Jan 12. Took on wood & water, and made for sea on Jan 21. [Sinclair 1868]

Whaling bark EAGLE of Hawaii, Capt Loveland, visited Kosrae in Jan. Went on to Pingelap & Honolulu. [The Friend, XXV (Jan 1869), 8]

Trading schooner MALOLO of Honolulu, owned by Ben Pease, Capt G.A. Bridges, put in at Kosrae on Apr 7. Capt Eldridge replaced Bridges as master. Left Apr 14. [Bridges 1870]

Trading brig BLOSSOM, owned by Ben Pease, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Apr 10. Put seven of its crew aboard Malolo. [Bridges 1870]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR II visited Kosrae in Sept. [The Friend, XXVI (July 1869), 58-9]

Whaling bark HELEN SNOW of NB Capt Thomas Campbell, laY off Kosrae on Dec 25. Captain went ashore to trade, returning with eight hogs & some fowl. Sailed on Dec 26. [Campbell 1871]

1869 Missionary packet MORNING STAR II, Capt A. Tengstrom, put in at Kosrae on Oct 11. While making for sea on Oct 18, the vessel was driven onto a reef in a squall and was a total wreck. Passengers were brought off Kosrae by Anne Porter. [Ward 1967: III, 613-5; The Friend, XXVII (Mar 1870), 24]

British trading brig ANNE PORTER of Shanghai, Capt Davie, in at Kosrae in Oct. Brought stranded Morning Star passengers to Honolulu after the wreck of that vessel. [Ward 1967: III, 613-5]

Trading schooner MALOLO, Capt E.A. Pitman, put in at Kosrae on Dec 24. Took on Charles Sturges & Thomas Badger as passengers. Left for Mokil & Pohnpei on Jan 11, 1870. [Bridges 1870]

Trading; brig PIONEER, owned by Ben Pease, arrived in Kosrae on Dec 25. [Bridges 1870]

1870 Whaleship CALIFORNIA of NB, Capt Daniel B. Wood, lying off south harbor at Kosrae on Jan 6. [Bridges 1870]

Whaling bark JOHN HOWLAND of NB, Capt Alexander Whelden, put in at Kosrae in Jan. Chief came aboard ship every morning for his breakfast, wearing "old style linen coats & pants, with a navy blue sailor's shirt underneath." A lengthy description given of the "old and disagreable" chief and the "homage he exacts from his subjects." The ship left for Saipan at the end of Jan. [Whelden 1870]

Whaleship OHIO of NB, Capt Lewis H. Lawrence, visited Kosrae in Apr. [ABCFM 1852- 1909: III, Libiak to Snow, 12 June 1870]

Trading brig ANNE PORTER of Shanghai, Capt Davie, at anchor in Kosrae on June 11. [Ward 1967: IV, 529]

USS JAMESTOWN, Cmdr N.J. Truxtun, on a cruise through Micronesia to investigate charges against Ben Pease. Put in at Kosrae on June 12. Received complaints against Pease from the chief of Kosrae and the owner of an English trading vessel at anchor. The ship left June 13. Some observations on commercial enterprise on the island and on the effects of "civilization." [Truxtun 1870]

Schooner MARGARET, owned by Ben Pease, at anchor at Kosrae in early July. Dispatched to Pohnpei on about July 10. [Bridges 1870]

Trading schooner ANNIE of Hawaii, Capt Babcock, chartered for missionary work, visited Kosrae. [The Friend, XXVII (Nov 18701, 97]

1871 Whaling bark JOHN WELLS of NB, Capt Aaron Dean, lay off & on Kosrae on Jan 16. Landed two passengers from Hawaii. Shipped a native and put to sea on the same day. [Ransom 1871]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Matthews, put in at Kosrae about Sept 6. On its return from Pohnpei, the vessel again touched at Kosrae on Oct 7. [The Friend, XXIX (July 1872), 54; ABCFM 1852-1909: III, B.G. Snow to Pogue, 8 Aug 1871; Whitney to owners of MS, 18 Oct 1871]

Brig LEONORA (formerly Pioneer), Capt Bully Hayes, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 16. Capt Hayes soon afterwards bought -- or stole! -- the Neva from Capt Lechat at Kosrae and renamed it Emily. Left on Oct 22. [Pitman 1871; Moore 1872]

Schooner NEVA, Capt Lechat, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Oct 18. Bully Hayes acquired the vessel from Lechat, either by purchase or by theft. E.A. Pitman was put in command. Neva sailed for the Marshalls on Oct 22, leaving behind William Wawn and two others to collect beche-de-mer. [Pitman 1871; VVawn 1874; Moore 1872: End 3 in China Letter No 221]

Topsail schooner MIDGE of Auckland, on a labor cruise, put in at Kosrae in Nov or Dec. It carried off four or five natives. [Moore 1872]

1872 Labor brig CARL of Melbourne, Capt Joseph Armstrong, put in at Kosrae in Jan for provisions. Crew could not induce natives to come aboard, however. [Great Britain 1873: 36; ABCFM 1852-1909: V, E.T. Doane, 13 Jan 1872]

Ketch LILIAN, Capt Hammond, put in at south harbor of Kosrae in Jan. Brought Capt Lechat off after his ship was taken by Hayes. [Wawn 1874: 46-7]

Whaling bark SEA BREEZE of NB, Capt R.D. Wicks, lay off Kosrae on Apr 25. Captain went ashore to purchase hogs. Made sail on the following day. [Wicks 1875]

Whaling bark TAMERLANE of NB, Capt Thomas E. Fordham, in at Kosrae in Apr. Departed on Apr 26. [Wicks 1875]

Brig LEONORA (formerly Pioneer), Capt Bully Hayes, put in at Kosrae on May 30. Landed Harris, a half-caste from Bonin Is. Demanded payment of natives for trade goods. [Simpson 1873: 193; Lowther 1872]

British man-of-war HMS BLANCHE, Capt Cortland Simpson, put in at Kosrae on June 11. Purchased cows from the natives and left after three days. Blanche returned to Kosrae on Sept 6 and established a coal depot before departing on Sept 17. Gives description of extent of acculturation - dresses & trousers worn by natives, the practice of sodomy, and ravages of venereal diseases. [Brazier 1872; Simpson 1873: 192-3 and 202]

British naval bark TASSO of Sydney standing in at Kosrae on Sept 6. Brought supplies for HMS Blanche. Left in company with Blanche on Sept 17. Kosrae was later recommended as coating station for British ships. [Brazier 1872; Simpson 1873: 202]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt William B. Hallett, put in at Kosrae on Sept 9. "People have wasted away until only 300 remain." Noted that the natives speak English well enough to communicate with foreigners. Departed for Pohnpei on Sept 12. [Alexander 1873]

Schooner RESTLESS of Sydney, Capt Bowman, visited Kosrae after returning from salvage operation on Ailuk. [Simpson 1873: 198]

1873 Whaling bark ARNOLDA of NB, Capt George F. Bauldry, put in at Kosrae on Feb 22. Landed some Ocean Is natives ashore. Took on 10,000 coconuts, 1800 Ibs of pork & 18 boatloads of wood. Made sail on Mar 3. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark LIVE OAK of NB, Capt Welden, in at Kosrae in Mar. Natives told captain "No steal, no fight!" [Missionary Herald, LIX (Aug 1873), 257 ]

British trading brig LADY ALICIA of Sydney, Capt Daly, put in at Kosrae in Sept. The chief's son and the teacher went aboard to eat on the ship. [HMCS 1853-1947: B.G. Snow to Pogue, 12 Sept 1873]

Unnamed schooner from Auckland, Capt C.F. Wood, put in at Kosrae on Oct 8. Were greeted by "King's son who acts as a pilot" & an old white man. Food was sent to the vessel each morning by the chief who received coffee & bread in return. Bought pigs & taro "for a very high price." Wood explored the island. Met 20 natives of Ocean Is who were carried to Kosrae. Three whites from Pleasant Is requested passage to Ujelang, but were refused. Extensive observations on the island, its declining population, western dress of the natives and the traditional implements that have become rare since foreign contacts. [Wood 1875: 176-92]

British man-of-war HMS DIDO, Cmdr W.C. Chapman, put in at Kosrae on Oct 15. Took on provisions and coal. Left for Australia on Oct 21. [Chapman 1873]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt William B. Hallett, put in at Kosrae on Dec 15. Landed Rev Whitney on the island and departed on Dec 17. After its cruise to Pohnpei & Mortlocks, the vessel returned to Kosrae on Feb 19, 1874. Made sail for Honolulu on Feb 24. [The Friend, XXXI (June 1874), 45]

1874 German trading schooner SAVAII of Capelle Co, Capt Becker, touched at Kosrae on Jan 9. [Wawn 1874: 142]

Whaling bark TRITON of NB, Capt Heppingstone, passed Kosrae on Feb 4. A canoe came off with four natives and some coconuts. [Heppingstone 1876]

Whaling bark ARNOLDA of NB, Cspt George F. Bauldry, put in at Kosrae on Mar 6. Brought off wood and purchased pig. Made sail on Mar 7. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaleship ST GEORGE of NB, Capt James H. Knowles, in at Kosrae on Mar 6. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark CAMILLA of NB, Capt E.C. Pulver, in at Kosrae on Mar 6. [Bauldry 1876]

Trading schooner LEONORA, Capt Bully Hayes, was wrecked by a typhoon in Kosrae on Mar 15 while at anchor. Hayes & crew remained in Kosrae until Oct. After waiting months for rescue, Hayes paid two deserters of an American whaler to take an open boat and seek help for his men. Three ships arrived the following month. [Clone 1970: 130-1]

German trading schooner MATAUTU, Capt Edward Milne, put in at Kosrae on Sept 15. [Clone 1970: 131; Goodenough 1875: 1674]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt C.W Gelett, put in at Kosrae on Sept 19. Left the following day for Pohnpei. Again touched at Kosrae on Nov 13, making sail for the Marshalls the next day. [The Friend, XXXII (Mar 1875), 221]

British warship HMS ROSARIO, Cmdr A.E. Dupuis, visited Kosrae on Sept 22 to investigate Bully Hayes' practices. Dupuis questioned Hayes regarding accusations against him, but released him for lack of evidence. Left Kosrae first week of Oct, taking off Louis Becke and five crewmen from Hayes' vessel. [Goodenough 1875; Clone 1970: 131-7]

1875 Whaling bark ARNOLDA of NB, Capt George F. Bauldry, lay off Kosrae on Mar 12. Boat sent ashore to take on wood and purchased taro, breadfruit & hogs. Shipped two natives. Made for sea on Mar 22. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaling bark ARCTIC of Honolulu, Capt Whitney, at anchor at Kosrae on Mar 14. [Bauldry 1876]

Whaleship BARTHOLOMEW GOSNOLD of NB, Capt James Wallis, put in at Kosrae in Aug for repairs on the ship.. Later captain sent a letter of appreciation to chief & people for their kindness. [Colcord 1875]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt A.D. Colcord, put in at Kosrae on Sept 20. "Kanker, next to king in authority, came aboard." High chief sent presents of food to missionaries. Good description of mission compound. Returned to Kosrae on Nov 17, but could not anchor because of weather. [Colcord 1875]

1876 Schooner LEVUKA, Capt Nils Michelsen, visited Kosrae in May. [Segebrecht 1956: 307]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt A.D. Colcord, put in at Kosrae on Sept 25. "The king is friendly, as those in authority under him." Population of the island given as 400. Sailed for Pohnpei on Sept 30. Again visited Kosrae on Nov 25. [ABCFM 1852-1909: V, "Report of the 4th Trip of the MS to Micronesia, 1876-77"]

Whaling brig COMET of Honolulu touched at Kosrae in late Sept before making for Ebon. [Young 1877]

1877 Missionary packet MORNING STAR II I, Capt A.D. Cofcord, visited Kosrae in Sept. [Missionary Herald, LXXIV (May 1878), 154-5]

Schooner MATAUTU, Capt Witt, in at Kosrae. [ABCFM 1852-1909: Pease & Whitney, 26 Mar 1880]

1878 Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, put in at Kosrae on Oct 12. Took on board "contribution oil" from Christians. Showed the chief around the ship and explored the other side of island. Left for Pohnpei on Oct 18. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IV, "Journal of MS for 1878-79"; Bray 1879: 217]

Unnamed ship of Hernsheim Co. put in at Kosrae on Aug 15. Landed a trader there. [ABCFM 1852-1909: Pease & Whitney, 26 Mar 1880]

1879 Whaling bark HELEN MAR of NB, Capt George E. Bauldry, in at Kosrae on Feb 16. Took on 1800 lbs of pork and some breadfruit and bananas. Left bound for Pohnpei the following day. [Bauldry 1880]

German bark ELIZABETH in at Kosrae in Mar. Adolph Capelle on board with the intention of visiting islands to establish trading stations. Left bound for Chuuk at the end of Mar. [HMCS 1853-1947: L. Snow to B.G. Snow, 24 Apr 1879]

Schooner MAGGIE JOHNSTON of SF, Capt Bliven, in at Kosrae on Apr 19. [HMCS 18531947: L. Snow to B.G. Snow, 24 Apr 1879]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, put in at Kosrae on Oct 4. The chief came on board to sign a lease for land on which a new training school was to be built. Missionaries began clearing the land. Sailed for Pohnpei on Nov 1. Returned to Kosrae on Jan 3, 1880, departing for Honolulu on Jan 9. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IV, " Report of the 9th Voyage of MS to Micronesia, 1879-80"]

Steamer PACIFIC of Hernsheim Co., in at Kosrae. [ABCFM 1852-1909: Pease & Whitney, 26 March 1880]

1880 Schooner JALUIT, Capt Witt, on passage from Marshalls to Pohnpei, touched at Kosrae on Feb 5. [Young 1881]

German ship FRANZISKA, Capt Rohlf, lying at anchor at Kosrae on Feb 20. Agreement signed between Hernsheim Co and chiefs to supply 133,000 Ibs copra to Hernsheim as indemnity for allowing a Capelle Co trader to set up a post in Kosrae. [Fisher 1957: 35; Young 1881]

Schooner ELIZABETH, Capt Witherington, touched at Kosrae on Feb 24 en route from Fiji to Pohnpei. Returned to Kosrae in Nov. [Young 1881]

Whaling bark HELEN MAR of NB, Capt George E. Bauldry. Lay off Kosrae on Mar 1. Took on 4000 coconuts, 2300 lbs of pork, and chickens. Made sail on Mar 2. [Bauldry 1880]

Barkentine MATHILDE, Capt Nissen, arrived at Kosrae on Apr 11. Buried a seaman who had died during voyage and left for Jaluit the next day. [Young 1881]

Capelle's trading, schooner OLESAGA, Capt Schleuter, put in at Kosrae on June 15. Delivered goods to Capelle's trader there and made sail the next day. [Young 1881]

Unnamed vessel put in at Kosrae in July. Hernsheim, who was aboard, threatened to land a hundred Solomon Islanders and make one of them king if tile chief did not pay off his debt to Hernsheim. [Young 1881]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, put in at Kosrae on Oct 16. People "greeted us in good English" and sang gospel hymns. Made sail for Pohnpei on Oct 22. Returned to Kosrae on Dec 8, leaving on Dec 13. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 10th Voyage of MS, 1880 - 81"]

Schooner MATAUTU, Capt Witt of Capelle Co., put in on Sept 1 and landed a trader. [ABCFM 1852-1909: Pease & Whitney, 26 Mar 1880]

Schooner BEATRICE of Shanghai, chartered by Capelle Co, Capt H.T. Williams, put in at Kosrae on Nov 21. Helped chief pay debt to Hernsheim. Left Kosrae on Nov 25. [Young 1881]

1881 British man-of-war HMS EMERALD, Capt William H. Maxwell, put in at Kosrae on June 25, after visiting Marshalls. Met chief "who dresses in a black coat looking very much like the missionary." Rev Pease complained about unfair practices of German trading firms. Ship left on June 28 for Pohnpei. Some interesting observations on the island. [Maxwell 1881]

German warship SMS HABICHT, Capt Kuhn, on passage from Samoa, put in at Kosrae on July 2. The German Consul on board supported Hernsheim's claim to an indemnity of 130,000 Ibs of copra from the islanders for breaking their agreement with Hernsheim and permitting another trading company to open a station on the island. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VII, Pease to Clark, 8 Sept 1881]

Schooner CAROLINE (formerly Tori), Capt Felix Becker, arrived at Kosrae on July 19. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VII, Pease to Logan, 20 July 1881] Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, visited Kosrae on Sept 24. Left for west on Oct 5. Returned to Kosrae on Dec 9 after cruising through Pohnpei & Chuuk. Ship was hauled up into shallow water and repaired. Departed for Honolulu on Dec 28. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 11th Voyage of MS, 1881 - 82"]

1882 Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt Isaiah Bray, put in at Kosrae on Aug 13. General Mission Meeting was held there, after which the ship sailed westward on Aug 23. Visited Kosrae again on Oct 29, sailing on Nov1 to complete its cruise. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of the 12th Voyage of MS, 1882 - 83"]

1883 British warship HMS ESPIEGLE, Capt Cyprian Bridge, on a cruise of Micronesia, visited Kosrae on June 28. Met missionaries & chief of island. Found Marshallese who had drifted there from Mili by canoe. Described stone ruins & artificial canoe harbors. [Le Hunte 1883; Bridges 1883]

Schooner STAGHOUND was wrecked at Kosrae in Aug. All hands were saved. The officers were taken off Kosrae in Nov by the Morning Star. [Swanston 1885: VI, entry of 19 Feb 1884; ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, George Garland to Prudential Committee, 20 Mar 1884]

Missionary packet MORNING STAR III, Capt George Garland, put in at Kosrae on Nov 13. Vessel left on Nov 22, taking off the officers of the Staghound, which was wrecked off Kosrae three months before. Visited Kosrae again on Dec 4, remaining for two or three weeks before sailing west to visit Pohnpei & Chuuk. As the vessel put in at Kosrae for the 3rd time on Feb 21, 1884, it went aground and was a total loss. The captain and some of the missionaries sailed a boat to Pohnpei in early Apr. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, Garland to Prudential Committee, 20 Mar 1884]

1884 Labor schooner JULIA of Honolulu visited Kosrae about June or July. [Humphrey 1887: 78]

Schooner JENNIE WALKER of Honolulu, Capt Holland, in at Kosrae on Aug 22. The schooner, chartered by ABCFM to carry missionaries, left off Miss Palmer to work in the Mission Training School. Departed Kosrae on Aug 26. [ABCFM 1852-1909: VII, R.W. Logan to J. Smith, 13 Oct 1884]

Japanese warship RHUJO touched at Kosrae. This was the first documented contact of a Japanese ship with an island in Micronesia. [Yanaihara 1940: 23-4]

1885 Missionary steam barkentine MORNING STAR IV, Capt Isaiah Bray, but in at Kosrae on June 12. Shipped on two Kosraen sailors and departed on June 17. Visited Kosrae three more times on this cruise: June 28 - July 1, Aug 11 - 28 & Sept 16 - 17. [ABCFM 1852-1909: IX, "Report of 1st Voyage of Missionary Steam Barkentine MS, 1885"]

German warship SMS ALBATROS, Capt Max Pluddemann, hoisted German flag over Kosrae on Oct 18. Kubary was aboard as interpreter. [Sarfert 1919: I, 8]